Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
AP Government Chapter 2 (The Challenge of Democracy)
Key items and terms of Chapter 2 in the AP Government textbook "The challenge of democracy) Includes terms from pages 32-48, as those were the pages I was assigned.
Terms in this set (23)
System of government in which the power to govern is concentrated in the hands of one individual
System of Government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a few people
System of Government in which, in theory, the people rule, either directly or indirectly. Originated in Greece.
2 Schools of thought about democracy
It is a form of government procedures that enable the people to govern
It is a set of government policies, freedom of religion, and provision for human needs
Procedural democratic theory
All adults can participate in a decision making process that involves universal participation, political equality, majority rule, and responsiveness in which 3 questions are asked
1. Who should participate: Everyone
2. How much should each vote count: Equally
3. How many votes are needed: Majority
The concept that everyone in a democracy should participate in governmental decision making
equality in political decision making; one vote per person, with all votes counted equally
The principle basic to procedural democratic theory that the decision of a group must reflect the preference of more than half of those participating; a simple majority
a system of government in which rank and file citizens rule themselves rather than electing representatives to govern on their behalf. Practiced in some New England towns, town meetings would take place, "will cannot be represented"-John Jacques Rousseau, Representative democracy replaced this kind of democracy
A system of government where citizens elect public officials to govern on their behalf
Decision-making principle, necessitated by representative government, that implies that elected representatives should do what he majority of people want
Four Principles of procedural democracy
Universal Participation, political equality, majority rule, government responsiveness to public opinion
Substantive democratic theory
The view that democracy is embodied in the substance of government polices rather than in the policy making procedure. Most substantive theorists break down when the discussion moves from civil to social rights and economic rights
the benefits of government that cannot be denied to any citizens by majority decisions
Majoritarian model of democracy
The classical theory of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as government by the majority of the people
Citizens choose officials/vote them out according to performance
Elections fulfill the first 3 principles of procedural government - referendum, initiative, recall
Critics say that Americans are not knowledgeable enough for this system to work
election of a policy issue
Ballot with signatures
Election for an up or down vote on a siting governor or state judge
More of government by "some of the people"
Focused on pluralism
Modern society consists of innumerable groups that share economic, religious, ethnic, or cultural interests
An organized group of individuals that seeks to influence public policy. Also called a lobby.
Pluralist model of democracy
An interpretation of democracy in which government by the people is taken to mean government by people operating through competing interest groups (Democracy exists when many organizations operate separately from the government interest groups)
The view that a small group of people actually makes most of the important government decisions. Usually discredited.
Explain the internment of the Japanese Internment. Why did this occur? What rights/freedoms were violated?
What are the core functions of the executive?
Which is not basic to Marxist-Leninist theory?
What is the Aboriginal Healing Foundation?
Recommended textbook explanations
Magruder's American Government
Magruder's American Government (Florida Student Edition)
Daniel M. Shea
Sets found in the same folder
AP Government Chapter 1 Terms (The Challenge of De…
AP Government Chapter 3 Notes (The Challenges of D…
AP Government Chapter 4 Notes (The Challenge of De…
The Challenge of Democracy Ch. 1
Sets with similar terms
Government Chapter 2
Majoritarian or Pluralist Democracy
AP Gov. Ch. 2
AP GOV Ch2 Majoritarian or Pluralist Democracy?
Other sets by this creator
Music Quiz #1 Vocab
Branches of Government
The Articles of Confederation
Other Quizlet sets
General Reproductive system
Anatomy test 2nd quarter
itec chapter 4