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Portrays leisured and educated people as though they were country dwellers.
tone- nostalgic for an age or place of lost innocence


themes are love and seduction, the value of poetry, death and mourning, corruption of city
Marlowe and Raleigh

Carpe Diem

make most of the day, enduring rhetorical device in poetry suggesting both possibility and futility. has a sense of helplessness and senselessness

carpe dium

was originated from horace's odes in 65bc
herrick and Marvell


breif, intense meditation employing with, irony, and elaborate conceits.


shocking or unusual comparison as the basis for theme


love, man's relationship with god, learning and art


14 lines arranged according to a carefully controlled pattern of accented and unaccented syllables
themes of love
shakespeare and spenser

english/shakespearean sonnet

3 quatrains posing question or problem followed by a couplet stating the theme, and the answer to the question
rhyme scheme of ababcdcdefefgg

Italian/Petracrchan sonnet

octave posing question or problem followed by a sestet resolving the problem or question
rhyme sheme- abbaabbacdecde

verbal irony

saying one thing and meaning another

situational irony

opposite happens than expected

dramatic irony

you know more than what characters or narrator does

open form

poetry that does not pertain to any set or strucure

closed/fixed form

adheres to a definite set structure

Martin Luther

started protestant reformation and 95 thesis

sir thomas more

questioned the power of the catholic church in england
wrote utopia- church should not be able to tell people what to do
created idea of church separate from state

Leonardo Da Vinci

optimistic view of painting and first to study human anatomy


created telescope


proved heliocentric theory- sun center of universe

John Calvin

leader of protestant reformation, created geneva bible and calvanism

queen elizabeth I

1598-1603. emphasized art. brought england into renaissance.

King Henry VIII

Created great schism- separation of church of england and roman catholic church.

King James I

came after queen elizabeth I. renaissance ended after his reign

Italian Renaissance

Focused on the creativity and the arts. Optimistic view of human nature


Idealism is the theme. Questioned life. virtue is what we should aim for not fame.

Tudor Monarchs

made royal navy, split church and state. restored peace and order. Made church of England.


invented printing press



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