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25 terms

Chabner Chapter 11 Vocabulary

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Pulmonary Artery
a blood vessel that carries oxygen-poor blood from heart to lungs
Angina
chest pain relieved with nitroglycerin
Cardiac Arrhythmia
fibrillation
Petechiae
small, pinpoint hemorrhages
Systole
contraction phase of the heartbeat
Mitral Valve
located between the left upper and lower chambers of the heart
Pericardium
sac like membrane surrounding the heart
Sinoatrial Node
sensitive tissue in the right atrium wall that begins the heartbeat
Coronary Arteries
blood vessels branching from the aorta to carry oxygen rich blood to the heart muscle
Cardiomyopathy
disease of the heart muscle
Phlebitis
inflammation of the vein
Sphygmomanometer
instrument to measure blood pressure
Aneurysm
a local widening of an artery
Cyanosis
bluish coloration of the skin
Ischemia
can lead to myocardial infraction, blood is held back from an area, can be caused by thrombotic occlusion of a blood vessel and may be a result of coronary artery disease
ECHO-echocardiogram
high frequency sound waves are transmitted into the chest
Phlebotomy
incision of a vein
Endarterectomy
removal of plaque from an artery
Holter Monitor
an EKG taken during daily activity (electrocardiogram)
Mitral Valve Prolapse
click-murmur syndrome
Tetralogy of Fallot
four separate congenital heart defects
Paten means
Open
Idiopathic
the cause of essential hypertension
Digitalis
drug used to strengthen the heartbeat
Serum Enzymes
CK-creatine kinase, LD-lactate dehydrogenase, and AST-aspartate aminotransferase (SGOT)-serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase