27 terms

Aztecs

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Tenochtitlan
Capital of the Aztec Empire, located on an island in Lake Texcoco. Its population was about 250,000 on the eve of Spanish conquest. Mexico City was constructed on its ruins.
Chinampas
Artificial gardens on floating islands/farms that surrounded Tenochtitlan. Built because of lack of available farmland
Tribute
paid by captured cities, kept Aztec economy stable
Moctezuma I
Started great temple, father of the Aztec Empire
Flower Wars
pretend war used to capture sacrificial victems
human sacrifice
to appease/fill gods, allow rains+fertile land
Aqueducts
transport water to Tenotchtitlan, two pipes so that while one was in use the other could be cleaned
Moctezuma II
best known Aztec ruler. Was the last Emperor in power when the Spanish arrived. Welcomed Cortes - did not fight
Cortes
Spanish conquistedor, conquered Aztec Empire. Aztec Emperor believed he was a god.
epidemic
killed up to 90% of Aztecs, brought by Spaniards—smallpox
conquistadors
Spanish soldiers and explorers who led military expeditions in the Americas and captured land for Spain
Lake Texcoco
Lake where the capital city of the ancient Aztecs Tenochtitlan was built
Causeways
built by the Aztecs across the lake from their capital city on the island to the shores of the lake.
disease
Spanish unknowingly brought these to Americas and infected much of the native population.
Sacrificed
Aztecs did this to thousands of people a year.
Many gods
Aztecs believed n many of these and believed that they controlled nature & human activities.
Alliances
Other peoples in the region made these with Cortes because they did like the harsh rule of the Aztecs.
Aztec Social Order
nobles, warriors and priests, merchants and artisans, farmers and laborers, slaves
Conquistadors' Goals
seizing Gold and Treasure, Conquer land, convert natives to Catholicism.
Mexico City
Ruins of the Aztec capital Tenochtitlan were found under this present day city.
Spanish
Arrived on the shores of Mexico in 1519.
Ancient God, reclaiming his throne
The Aztecs believed Cortes was...
heart
When an Aztec Priest offered a sacrafice to the gods he would cut his out while the victim was still alive.
Small Pox
This disease contributed to the end of the Aztec civilization.
What obstacles did the Aztecs overcome in building their capital city?
Short Essay - Possible answers: The Aztecs built their capital on a swampy island in the middle of a lake. It was hard to get to and from the city. Another problem was the lack of good farmland.
List and describe at least two of the cultural achievements of the Aztecs.
Short Essay - Possible answers: Architects and painters created fine stone pyramids. Artisans made decorative jewelry, masks, and embroidered cloth. The Aztecs valued learning and devised a calendar. They also had a strong oral tradition.
How were a small number of Spanish soldiers able to destroy the Aztec empire? Explain at least two reasons.
Short Essay - Possible answers: They made allies among the Aztecs' enemies, they had better weapons, Aztecs were terrified of the Spanish horses, and the empire had been greatly weakened by diseases that the Spanish had unknowingly brought.
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