Parts of Speech and Sentence Types
Use these cards to study for the parts of speech and sentence types test.
Terms in this set (16)
A declarative sentence states, or declares, an idea and ends with a period.
Space travel is very exciting.
An exclamatory sentence conveys strong emotion and ends with an exclamation mark.
What a mess this room is!
An interrogative sentence asks a question and ends with a question mark.
When is the Scholar Council election?
An imperative sentence gives an order, or command, or a direction and ends with either a period or an exclamation mark.
Watch where you step!
A concrete noun names something that can be recognized through any of the five senses.
Lake Pleasant, Americans, notebook
An action verb tells what action someone or something is performing.
Tara carries all her science books.
In this sentence, 'carries' is the action verb.
Helping verbs are added before another verb to make a verb phrase.
might have jumped
'might have' are helping verbs.
An adverb modifies (changes) a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. However, most often, adverbs will modify verbs. It will answer one of these four questions: "Where?" "When?" "In what way?" "To what extent?"
Heather never arrived at the dinner.
In this sentence, 'never' is the adverb and 'arrived' is the verb.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun or pronoun. An adjective also says what kind, how many, how much, or which one.
'old-fashioned' is the adjective.
A preposition relates the noun or pronoun following it to another word in the sentence. Often prepositions convey information about location, time, direction or provide details.
The puppy ran across the patio.
In this sentence 'across' is the preposition
The interjection is the part of speech that is used the least. Its only use is to express feelings or emotions. An interjection functions independently from the rest of the sentence.
Wow! This place is fun.
In this sentence, 'wow' is the interjection.
A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or a group of words acting as a noun.
his, he, she, them, they, it, everyone, their
An abstract noun names something that cannot be recognized through any of the five senses. Ideas are abstract nouns.
honor, fun, strength, courage
The subject of a sentence is what the sentence is about. It is the word or group of words that names the person, place, thing or idea that performs the action or is described. It answers the question Who? or What? before the verb. It is often but not always, found near the beginning of the sentence.
The pantry is full.
In this sentence, 'pantry' is the subject.
The predicate refers to what happens in the sentence. It includes the verb.
A terrible tornado was sweeping across the country.
In this sentence, 'was sweeping' is the predicate.
A conjunction connects words or groups of words.
Examples of conjunctions:
and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet