21 terms

Inca

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Pachacuti
Inca ruler in the mid-1400's who began to expand Inca territory, Ruler of Inca society from 1438 to 1471; launched a series of military campaigns that gave Incas control of the region from Cuzco to the shores of Lake Titicaca
Masonry
Inca were known for their expert stonework. The stone cutting was so precise that no cement or mortar was needed.
llamas
domesticated beasts that provided the Inca with meat and wool. Also decreased the labor needed to transport goods.
Quechua
The official Inca Language.
Cuzco
the Inca empire began here and it would become their capital city.
Terraces
steplike ledges cut into mountains by the Inca to make land suitable for farming.
Francisco Pizarro
Spanish Conquistador who conquered the Incas
Atahualpa
(ca. 1502-1533); Incan leader who fought with his brother Huascar as the Spanish forces under Pizarro closed in; spared by Spanish until he gave them lots of gold; then they strangled and decapitated him (now how's that for adding insult to injury!!!)
Quipus
complicated system of knots tied on strings of various colors used by the inca of south america to record information.
Inca roads
14,000 mile road network that stretches across the Inca Empire.
Mita
in the Incan empire, the requirement that all able-bodied subjects work for the state. A type of labor tax system.
Manchu Picchu
an ancient stone city built by the Inca. Likely a royal retreat for the Inca Kings in the Andes.
Wrtting
the inca did not have any of this in their culture.
Mountaintops, rocks and springs
The Inca believed magical powers belonged to some of these places.
Inca Society
Divided into two main social classes... a small upper class and a very large lower classs.
Children of conquered leaders
Inca forced these to travel to the capital of the empire to be educated in Inca ways.
The Aztecs and the Incas both worshipped many gods. The Aztecs made many human sacrifices. The Incas rarely sacrificed humans.
How were the Aztec and Inca religions the same? How were they Different? Give at least one similarity and one difference.
The Incas kept records with knots tied in cords to represent numbers. They also had a tradition of oral history. Some people memorized poems about Inca legends and history.
How did the Incas preserve their history before they started using a written language? Explain at least two examples.
Policies included removing local leaders and replacing them with trusted officials, forced education of children in Inca government and religion, and requiring that business be conducted in the official language of Quechua.
What policies did the Inca use to unify their empire and increase their power? Explain at least two examples.
The Inca had a labor tax system called the mita in which all lower class people did some work for the government.
How did people pay taxes in the Inca Empire?
The system was strictly controlled by the government which told each household what to do. Most Incas had to spend some time working for the government and had to pay taxes in labor. Goods were distributed by the government rather than bought and sold in markets.
Summarize the Inca economic system.

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