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ARH 201 Vocabulary Quiz
Terms in this set (36)
A porch or vestibule of a church, generally colonnaded or arcaded and preceding the nave
the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation
(in a cross-shaped church) either of the two parts forming the arms of the cross shape, projecting at right angles from the nave.
A recess, usually semicircular, in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church. (Halo)
a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are made
Bones or other objects connected with saint; considered worthy of worship by the faithful.
a plate, dish, or bowl used to hold the Eucharist at a Christian ceremony (usually gold)
cup of wine
to adorn or embellish; represents person who paid for or donated to the mosaic
A room in a monastery for writing or copying manuscripts
Light encircling, or emanating from, the entire figure of a sacred person.
Thinning metal and etching or punching impressions of figures from behind
One action is meant to fix that of another
a free or engaged column decorating the jamb of a door opening or window opening
a wedge-shaped or tapered stone used to construct an arch.
In church architecture, the pillar or center post supporting the lintel in the middle of the doorway.
Half-round panel that fills the space between the lintle and arch over the doorway of the church.
a circular window with stained glass and stone tracery used on the facades and the ends of the transepts in Gothic cathedrals
In Gothic architecture, a tall narrow window ending in a pointed arch.
Medieval double scale
Size mattered in medieval art. Whether building a grand gothic cathedral or carving a minute boxwood prayer bead, precisely how big to make it was a principal concern for medieval artists, their patrons, and audiences. (for dramatic effect)
a still-life painting of a 17th-century Dutch genre containing symbols of death or change as a reminder of their inevitability.
Lines of perspective
The illusion of depth in an image with space ranging from a few inches to many miles. Size of an object decreases the farther you get away from it. Appeared during the Renaissance.
Refers to the end of Mary's earthly life when she was assumed into Heaven
decorative work in which enamel, glass, or gemstones are separated by strips of flattened wire placed edgeways on a metal backing.
openings in the walls of catacombs to receive the dead
a large interior room characterized by many closely spaced columns that support its roof
fine parchment made originally from the skin of a calf.
ribbed groin vault
The style of vault that was used during the Gothic period that was more delicate compared to the barrel vaults of the Romanesque period.
fear of empty space
a handwritten book decorated with bright colors and precious metals
a buttress that stands apart from the main structure and connected to it by an arch
the wall of a mosque that faces Mecca; the wall Muslims face when praying
a niche or chamber in a mosque indicating the direction of Mecca
two-dimensional decoration formed by ribbons or straps woven into a complex, usually symmetric design.
Interlaces created by fanciful animal forms. A feature of the Celtic design style.
The alphabet that Carolingian scribes perfected, from which our modern alphabet was developed.
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