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27 terms

MBHS Adv. Grammar and Comp Tropes

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Tropes
artful deviation of words to enhance meanings
Pun
"Too many spiders in your house can turn it into a no fly zone" a play on words or the humorous use of a word emphasizing a different meaning or application
Anthimeria
"Don't worry. I'm mapping our progress."
the use of noun as if it were a verb
Onomatopoeia
"knock, knock.."
words that imitate or suggest the source of the sound they are describing
Hyperbole
"The shot heard around the world"
intentional exaggeration for rehtorical effect
Litotes
"We made a difference. We made the city stronger, we made the city freer, and we left her in good hands. All in all, not bad, not bad at all."
understatement is employed for rhetorical effect when an idea is expressed by a denial of its opposite
Verbal Irony
"Yeah right..."
When speaker says one thing but means another.
Dramatic Irony
"When Romeo finds Juliet in a drugged sleep, he assumes her to be dead and kills himself. Upon awakening to find her dead lover beside her, Juliet then kills herself."
When the audience is aware of something the character is not.
Situational Irony
"When John Hinckley attempted to assassinate Ronald Reagan, all of his shots initially missed the President; however, a bullet ricocheted off the bullet-proof Presidential limousine and struck Reagan in the chest. Thus, a vehicle made to protect the President from gunfire was partially responsible for his being shot"
When the result of an action is contrary to what is expected.
Socratic Irony
"Well gee, I have no idea who put the empty milk carton back in the refrigerator"
When one pretends to be ignorant on a subject in order to expose the weakness of another
Romantic Irony
An author's persistent reminding of his or her presence in the work, by drawing attention the the artifice of the work.
Oxymoron
A figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory terms
Paradox
A self-contradiction
Rhetorical Question
A question that is emphasizes the obvious answer to what is asked
Hypophora
Raising a question then proceeding to answer it
Expletive
Meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
Pejorative
Describing words or phrases that belittle or speak negatively of someone
Euphemism
An inoffensive expression that is substituted for one that is considered offensive
Simile
a comparison using "like" or "as"
Metaphor
A figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
Implied Metaphor
Implies or suggests the comparison between the two thing without stating it directly
Analogy
Drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
Synecdoche
using a part of something to represent the whole thing
Metonymy
Substation of one word for another which it suggests
Personification
The application of human attributes to nonhuman entites
Exemplum
an example
Allusion
Figure of explication using a brief or casual reference to a famous person, historic event/place, or work of art