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25 terms

Chapter 6

STUDY
PLAY
conditioned stimulus
in classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the
conditioned response
when an individual has a phobia, the irrational fear and anxiety that the person experiences is a
unconditioned stimulus
fredrick cringes every time he hears a dentist's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room. the pain of the dental drilling is a
acquisition
the initial stage of learning a response is called
short delayed conditioning
the best temporal arrangement for establishing a new conditioned response is
extinction
the continued presentation of the CS without the UCS will result in the gradual disappearance of the CR. this phenomenon is known as
CS
in order to weaken or eliminate a conditioned response you would present the _____ alone several times
spontaneous recovery
the reappearance of a conditioned response after extinction and a period of rest is called was
loud noise
in the little albert experiment on conditioned emotion responses, the unconditioned stimulus was the
higher order conditioning
a dog is first conditioned to salivate to a tone. then a light is paired with the tone for a number of trials; finally the light is presented alone, and the dog responds. this procedure is known as
operant conditioning
type of learning in which responses come to be controlled by their consequences
operant conditioning
dillon is four years old and his parents want to teach him how to say please and thank you. they will be most successful in altering dillon's behavior if they use
instrumental learning
operant conditioning is another name for
shaping
the process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called
programming
the technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping pong is
primary; secondary
food is an example of _____ reinforcer; praise is an example of ______ reinforcer
fixed ratio
marie works in a dress factory where she ears 10 dollars for each three dresses she hems. marie is paid on a _____ schedule.
negative reinforcement
teenage daughter has not cleaned her room yet, you go in and yell at her. she begins to clean up and you stop yelling. this is viewed as
escape learning
nolan learned to drink a cup of coffee whenever he gets a tension headache because drinking coffee makes the pain go away. this is an example of
increases; decreases
negative reinforcement ______ the rate of response; punishment ______ the rate of a response.
model
your younger daughter watched older wash the dishes. later younger one attempts to wash dishes. the older has acted as a
behavior modification
application of operant principles to solve behavior probs is generally known as
token economy
a system for administering symbolic reinforcers that can later be exchanged for "genuine" reinforcers is known as
operant conditioning
classical conditioning-autonomic system; _______ - somatic system.
effect
responses that are followed by satisfying consequences increase in probability. this is a statement of