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in classical conditioning, the stimulus that is originally neutral in regard to the response to be learned is the
when an individual has a phobia, the irrational fear and anxiety that the person experiences is a
fredrick cringes every time he hears a dentist's drill, even when he is sitting in the waiting room. the pain of the dental drilling is a
the initial stage of learning a response is called
short delayed conditioning
the best temporal arrangement for establishing a new conditioned response is
the continued presentation of the CS without the UCS will result in the gradual disappearance of the CR. this phenomenon is known as
in order to weaken or eliminate a conditioned response you would present the _____ alone several times
the reappearance of a conditioned response after extinction and a period of rest is called was
in the little albert experiment on conditioned emotion responses, the unconditioned stimulus was the
higher order conditioning
a dog is first conditioned to salivate to a tone. then a light is paired with the tone for a number of trials; finally the light is presented alone, and the dog responds. this procedure is known as
type of learning in which responses come to be controlled by their consequences
dillon is four years old and his parents want to teach him how to say please and thank you. they will be most successful in altering dillon's behavior if they use
operant conditioning is another name for
the process of selectively reinforcing responses that are closer and closer approximations of some desired response is called
the technique used to teach animals complex tricks, such as teaching pigeons to play ping pong is
food is an example of _____ reinforcer; praise is an example of ______ reinforcer
marie works in a dress factory where she ears 10 dollars for each three dresses she hems. marie is paid on a _____ schedule.
teenage daughter has not cleaned her room yet, you go in and yell at her. she begins to clean up and you stop yelling. this is viewed as
nolan learned to drink a cup of coffee whenever he gets a tension headache because drinking coffee makes the pain go away. this is an example of
negative reinforcement ______ the rate of response; punishment ______ the rate of a response.
your younger daughter watched older wash the dishes. later younger one attempts to wash dishes. the older has acted as a
application of operant principles to solve behavior probs is generally known as
a system for administering symbolic reinforcers that can later be exchanged for "genuine" reinforcers is known as
classical conditioning-autonomic system; _______ - somatic system.
responses that are followed by satisfying consequences increase in probability. this is a statement of
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