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52 terms

Language of Medicine -Ch 12-Answers to Terminology

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adenoidectomy
Removal of adenoids.
adenoid hypertrophy
Excessive development (enlargement) of adenoids.
alveolar
Pertaining to an alveolus.
bronchospasm
Involuntary contraction of muscles in the walls of bronchial tubes.
bronchiectasis
Dilation of bronchial tubes.
bronchodilator
A substance (chemical or drug) that widens bronchial tubes to make breathing easier.
bronchopleural
Pertaining to a bronchial tube and pleura or pleural cavity.
bronchiolitis
Inflammation of bronchioles.
hypercapnia
Excessive carbon dioxide in the blood.
pneumoconiosis
Abnormal condition of dust in the lungs.
cyanosis
Condition of bluish coloration of skin caused by decreased oxygen in the blood.
epiglottitis
Inflammation of the epiglottis.
laryngeal
Pertaining to the larynx.
laryngospasm
Contraction of the muscles of the larynx.
laryngitis
Inflammation of the voice box.
lobectomy
Removal of a lobe (of the lung).
mediastinoscopy
Visual examination of the mediastinum.
paranasal sinuses
Pertaining to spaces in the skull that are near, alongside, the nose and nasal cavities.
nasogastric intubation
Tube placed from the nose into the stomach.
orthopnea
Breathing discomfort in any position but erect, sitting, or standing straight.
hypoxia
Deficiency of oxygen (anoxia) due to decreased oxygen in blood.
expectoration
Expulsion of material (mucus or phlegm).
pharyngeal
Pertaining to the throat.
dysphonia
Difficult (abnormal) voice; hoarseness or any voice impairment.
phrenic nerve
Nerve carrying messages from the brain to the diaphragm.
pleurodynia
Pain associated with inflammation of irritation of pleura (or pain from intercostal muscles).
pleural effusion
Fluid collects in the pleural cavity (space).
pneumothorax
Air within the pleural cavity surrounding the lungs.
pneumonectomy
Removal of a lung.
pulmonary
Pertaining to lungs.
Rhinoplasty
Surgical repair of the nose.
rhinorrhea
Discharge from the nose.
sinusitis
Inflammation of sinuses.
spirometer
Instrument to measure breathing (the air taken into and exhaled from the lungs).
expiration
The expulsion of air from the lungs.
respiration
Breathing (inspiration and expiration).
atelectasis
Incomplete expansion of a lung (collapsed lung).
thoracotomy
Incision of the chest.
thoracic
Pertaining to the chest.
tonsillectomy
Removal of tonsils.
tracheotomy
Incision of the trachea.
tracheal stenosis
Pertaining to narrowing of the trachea.
empyema
Pus in the pleural cavity.
anosmia
Absence of the sense of smell.
apnea
Stoppage of breathing.
dyspnea
Difficult breathing.
hyperpnea
Increase in depth of breathing.
tachypnea
Increase in rate of breathing; shallow respirations.
Hemoptysis
Spitting up blood.
asphyxia
Decrease in the amount of oxygen and increase in amount of carbon dioxide in the blood leading to absence of pulse.
hemothorax
Blood in the pleural cavity; seen in pneumonia, tuberculosis, or carcinoma.
pyothorax
Pus in the pleural cavity (empyema of the chest).