15 terms

Government Vocabulary

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State
a politically unified people occupying a territory; a nation
Unitary
a system of government with only one level (national), which holds all governing power
Confederation
a group of states (nations) which are united for a common purpose.
Federal
a system of government with multiple levels (national, state, local) which share the governing powers.
Autocratic
a government in which one person has unlimited or uncontrolled authority over others
Oligarchic
a form of government in which all power is held by a few people, a group, or a dominant class
Democratic
any form of government in which the citizens have a say, usually through voting
Parliamentary
a form of government in which the citizens elect representatives to a lawmaking body, which then chooses the leader (usually called The Prime Minister)
Presidential
a form of government in which citizens elect their representatives
and their leader (usually called The President)
Republic
a strong national government headed by elected leaders
Monarchy
a government in which the leader inherits the right to rule, such as a king or queen
Constitutional Monarchy
a government in which the monarch (king or queen) is head of state (figurehead), but elected officials run the government
Communism
a form of government in which the state (government) controls all property, and social/economic activity. The citizens have very little political and economic freedom
Theocracy
form of government which is led by a religious leader
Stability
resistant to change (stable governments are less likely to have major problems such as civil wars)
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