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Final WOTD exam
Terms in this set (66)
literary technique in which two or more ideas, places, characters, and their actions are placed side by side in a narrative or a poem, for the purpose of developing comparisons and contrasts.
-(Pixar) UP- Carl F. (old, curt, jaded) juxtaposed to Russel (young, lively, naive)
Definition: the organization, arrangement, or framework of a literary work; the manner or style of constructing, arranging, and coordinating the parts of a composition for a pleasing or effective result
Novel, Play, Short story, Poetry, Drama
to hint at or to present an indication of the future beforehand
in medias res
"in the middle of things" a literary technique of telling a story from the middle rather than the beginning
A struggle between opposing forces that creates tension and change and develops characters; it can be internal or external
Use of informal words or phrases in writing or speech
In a poem or song, a line or group of lines that regularly repeat, usually at the end of a stanza in a poem or at the end of a verse in a song. In a speech or other prose writing, can refer to any phrase that repeats a number of times within the text.
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response.
the literary element that describes the ways that the author uses words.
Includes word choice, tone, sentence structure, narrator, point of view, grammar/punctuation, and figurative language
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character
A universal idea, lesson, or message explored throughout a work of literature.
Statement: Love cannot be bought.
Brief, indirect reference to a
significant person, place, thing, or idea in another text
a succinct fictional story, in prose or verse, that features animals, legendary creatures, plants, inanimate objects, or forces of nature that are anthropomorphized, and that illustrates or leads to a particular moral lesson
A series of events occuring after the exposition that lead to the climax within a plot
A recurring idea especially in an artistic, literary, or musical work that helps to develop a larger theme (e.g. in Snow White the mirror illustrates that beauty is internal not external by symbolizing the false perception of beauty as external appearance)
a poem of serious reflection, typically a lament for the dead.
Events after the climax, leading to the resolution
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning.
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable. A comparison between the two objects not using like or as.
"Her tears were a river flowing down her cheeks."
The use of obvious and deliberate exaggeration
"I'll love you, dear, I'll love you
Till China and Africa meet,
And the river jumps over the mountain
And the salmon sing in the street,
I'll love you till the ocean
Is folded and hung up to dry." - W. H. Auden
This is background information given to the audience to fill them in on various aspects of the story.
Example: She hunkered down on the couch, chomping on her fingernails as she turned to watch Pretty Little Liars for the 8th time.
An example of a specific theme in action, within a literary work.
A stanza of 4 lines, especially
A literary work that criticizes human misconduct and ridicules vices, stupidities, and follies. with intent to instill change or reform
A type of literature characterized by a specific form, content, and style. They have particular features and functions that distinguish them from one another.
fiction, nonfiction, romance novel, science fiction
Definition: A literary device; uses an extended metaphor that compares two very dissimilar things. It is often elaborate and controls a large section of a poem or the entire poem.
Example: "Thou counterfeit'st a bark, a sea, a wind;
For still thy eyes, which I may call the sea,
Do ebb and flow with tears; the bark thy body is"(Hamlet).
A metaphor in which a character, place or event is used to deliver a broader message about real-world issues and occurrences.
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution
the sequence of events in a literary work
A contrast between expectation and reality
Occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience/reader, but not by the characters in the play.
A person says or writes one thing and means another, or uses words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning.
A person, place or object which has a meaning in itself but suggests other meanings as well
A writer's attitude toward his or her subject matter revealed through diction, figurative language, and organization.
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work
the choices a writer makes; the combination of distinctive features of a literary work
The context in time and place in which the action of a story occurs.
A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.
Language that cannot be taken literally since it was written to create a special effect or feeling.
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
English Sonnet (Shakespearean)
fourteen line poem consisting of three quatrains and a couplet
A term used for the author, speaker, or the person whose perspective (real or imagined) is being advanced in a speech or piece of writing
Point of View (POV)
the perspective from which a story is told
the meaning of the work as a whole
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza.
It was the best of times, it was the worst of times
a poetic meter that is made up of 5 stressed syllables each followed by an unstressed syllable
Italian Sonnet (Petrarchan)
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
unrhymed iambic pentameter
A compound term that encompasses the tone (the author's attitude towards a subject) and mood (the audience's attitude towards a subject)
the repitition of a vowel sound
(n) the outcome of a plot or situation;
the conclusion, end, finale, resolution (tie up loose ends)
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
The act of determining the meter of a poetic line.
A narrative device, often used at the beginning of a work that provides necessary background information about the characters and their circumstances.
a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine
excessive pride or arrogance that results in the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
A group of characters in Greek tragedy (and in later forms of drama), who comment on the action of a play without participation in it.
Characters of high birth or status, experience a series of events that threaten position, suffer a tragic fall of own actions
the hero has greater free will or power of choice than in Greek tragedy. Shakespearean tragedies show a reversal of fortune, from good to bad, experienced by a man or woman, usually of noble birth.
activities that are enjoyable or amusing
A formal, often ceremonious lyric poem that addresses and often celebrates a person, place, thing, or idea.
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