48 terms

Africa Review

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What rank is Africa in terms of size
2
How many times larger is Africa then the continental USA?
3
What is Pangaea?
An ancient supercontinent
Most of Africa is located on what kind of landform
huge plateu sytem or mountains
what percent of africa is desert
40%
List the 2 primary deserts of Africa
Sahara
Kalahari
List the 2 primary mountain chains for Africa
Atlas
Drakensberg
List the 2 famous peaks of Africa
Mt.Kenya
Mt.Kilimanjaro
How has the great rift valley been created?
the two plates are pulling away
How long is the Nile River
4,180
What is the source of the Nile River
Lake Victoria
What nations does the Nile end in?
Egypt
What percent of Africa is farmable?
15%
Most of Africa is located between the Tropic _______and the tropic of_______
cancer
capricorn
The highest recorded temperature in Africa is
136
How much of the Sahara is rolling sand dunes
20%
How many miles long and wide is the Sahara
long- 1200
wide-3000
What is located beneath the deserts of Africa?
aquifer
What is an aquifer
huge stores of water
What is an oasis
vegetation zone
What animal would one want to take if traveling in the desert? Why?
Camel, they can last up to 14 days
What part of Africa receives the most rain?
Central Africa
What is a savannah?
a plain full of grassland
What is an example of a savannah?
Serengeti Plain
How many different species of plants and animals live in just 1 acre of rainforest?
100
What is a canopy in regards to rainforest?
The upper layer of the rainforest
What is desertification?
When it dries up and it starts to turn into desert
What region in Africa is in great danger of desertification?
Sahel
List the 3 main causes of desertification?
Over grazing
Farming
Overpopulation
What African nation is the 6th largest oil producer in the world?
Nigeria
How many neglected oil spills has Nigeria had over the years?
4,000
What dam has Egypt constructed on the Nile River?
Aswan
What Lake has this dam created?
Lake Nassar
What are 2 positives of this dam?
Year long water: Increased Egypts arable land
What are 2 drawbacks of this dam
a lot of people to move: many of Egypts ancient wonders were buried
What area is the cradle of humanity
East Africa
What is a pandemic?
an uncontrollable outbreak of a disease
What are the 2 main civilizations of North Africa?
Egypt and Carthage
What is a souk?
marketplace with music and story tellers which are located in the medina
What is a medina?
old section of a N. African city
What is a Rai and what did it lead to?
Form of music,lead to rap music
List 2 ways the way of women in North Africa is changing?
Men can only have 1 wife.
No preteen marriages for girls
List the primary early cultures of West Africa?
Ghana
Mail
Songhai
What resources supported these cultures?
Gold
Salt
What is a stateless society?
rely on ones family to govern themselves
what is a kente?
popular form of art in this region
what is an apartheid?
basically all aspects of life were segregated
Who is Nelson Mandela
fought for equal rights and got thrown in jail after a revolution in the nation he was realesed and became president in 1994