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Terms in this set (50)
What is a Proxy War?
A conflict between two countries in which neither one directly engages in war with the other. (War of fighting over friends)
When did the Chinese Civil War end?
It never really ended and resumed after WWII
Who had the advantage in the Chinese Civil War?
The communists, led by Mao Zedong
Who was not popular among the peasants during the Chinese Civil War?
How did the Soviets help Mao?
They helped him keep control in North China and gave him all the weapons surrendered by Japanese troops.
Who led the Nationalist forces in the Chinese Civil War?
How did the Nationalist forces advance?
They advanced with U.S. money and weapons
How did the communists fight?
Smartly and were able to put nationalists south
Where did the Nationalists flee to?
When did the communists take over mainland China?
1949 and made Beijing the capital
Where did the Nationalist forces remain?
In Taiwan under U.S. protection
What did Mao rename China?
People's Republic of China
What was the biggest cause of tension throughout the Cold War?
Proxy wars (fighting over neutral countries)
Wha happened in the Korean War?
The Japanese were kicked out of Korea
How did the allies split Korea?
North is occupied by U.S.S.R.
South is occupied by U.S.
What did North Korea chose as government?
What did South Korea chose as their government?
What is the boundary line between North and South Kore named?
When did North Korea invade South Korea?
1950 and then the U.S. sent troops to South Korea to help them
How far do the North Koreans push the defenders in the Korean War?
Into the sea in South Korea
How did the U.S. forces counterattack to North Korea pushing South Korea into the sea?
They pushed North Korea north
How many soldiers were sent to North Korean from China?
What did the soviets provide to the North Koreans?
Money and weapons which caused the Allies to be pushed back to the 38th parallel
What type of tactics did the Korean War start with?
Started with WWII tactics but ended with WWI tactics
What led to an armistice in 1953 for the Korean War?
After a long stalemate (caused by trench warfare)
What was created as a buffer zone between North and South Korea?
The DMZ (demilitarized zone) which is 2.5 miles
How did Vietnam split after WWII?
What government was mainly promoted in South Vietnam?
What was North Vietnam?
When did the Communists invade South Vietnam?
1959 (supplied by the communists)
When did the U.S. send advisors and troops into Vietnam?
Where was it hard for U.S. soldiers to fight in, in the Vietnam war?
What were the Viet Cong (communist Vietnamese) good at?
Guerilla fighting, using straps, and using underground networks
What did the U.S. troops become at the Vietnamese War?
What was the Tet Offensive?
A Viet Cong attack on 100 cities and the U.S. were taken by surprise and took heavy losses causing the U.S. leaders to realize that the Viet Cong were strong than anticipated
How did the U.S. train South Vietnamese?
They taught them to take care of themsevles and prepare for withdrawal
What did the U.S. do to South Vietnam?
Withdrew troops and by 1974, all of them were gone
When was South Vietnam conquered?
1975 and united with Communist North Vietnam
What was going on in U.S. during the Vietnam War?
A period of social revolution
How were war veterans treated by civilians after the Vietnam War?
They were treated poorly when they got back
What is the Vietnam war considered?
A failure for U.S and a learning moment for all future wars
What happened in 1978-1988?
The soviets invaded Afghanistan in fear that the U.S. will attempt to take it over
Who did the US secretly provide money and weapons to in Afghanistan?
Mujahideen rebels (enemies of Afghanistan government)
What did the USSR think of the war in Afghanistan?
They found the desert and mountain warfare very difficult against the rebels and spent billions on the war
The ________ could not outlast the rebels in Afghanistan
When did the Soviets withdraw form Afghanistan?
In 1988 under Michael Gorbachev
What do some people say the Afghanistan war was?
The end of the Soviet Union
How long did the Afghanistan war last?
What was Afghanistan war called?
Russia's Vietnam or The Bear Trap
What's the best thing about Switzerland? (Joke)
I don't know, but the flag is a big plus
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Economic Factors in the Cold War
Cold War and Proxy Wars
Cold War Vocab ACADEC
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