Unit 2 Vocabulary

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New England Colonies
English colonies that became the states of Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Maine.
Middle Colonies
English colonies that became the states of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware
Southern Colonies
English colonies that became the states of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
Royal Colonies
Colonies controlled by the British king through governors appointed by him
Proprietary Colonies
Colonies in which the proprietors (who had obtained their patents from the king) named the governors, subject to the king's approval.
Puritans
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
Quakers
..., English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preache a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
Catholics
Christian group that settled in the region of Maryland for religious freedoms
Salutary neglect
A long standing English policy of not enforcing parliamentary laws that were created in order to keep the colonies obedient to England.
Albany Plan
plan proposed by Benjamin Franklin in 1754 that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes; the plan was turned down by the colonies and the Crown
First Continental Congress
1774; response to Intolerable Acts; 55 men from 12 colonies meet on Philadelphia; called for complete halt in trade with Britain; important step towards independence.
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Writs of Assistance
Search warrants issued by the British government. They allowed officials to search houses and ships for smuggled goods, and to enlist colonials to help them search. The writs could be used anywhere, anytime, as often as desired. The officials did not need to prove that there was reasonable cause to believe that the person subject to the search had committed a crime or might have possession of contraband before getting a writ or searching a house. The writs were protested by the colonies.
Proclamation line of 1763
An order in which Britain prohibited its American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains
Quartering Act
(1765) Required colonies to provide food and housing for British troops. Many colonists saw it as an encroachment on their rights.
Stamp Act
(1765) . Revenue stamps were attached to printed matter and legal documents, newspapers, and insurance papers etc. For the colonists the main issue was "no taxation without representation." Public protests increased until it was repealed in 1766.
Stamp Act Congress
A meeting of delegations from many of the colonies, the congress was formed to protest the newly passed Stamp Act It adopted a declaration of rights as well as sent letters of complaints to the king and parliament, and it showed signs of colonial unity and organized resistance.
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Declaratory Act
(1766) Stated that the British Parliament had the same power to tax in the colonies as it did in Great Britain. Parliament emphasized its authority to make binding laws on the American colonies.
Townshend Acts
passed by Parliament in 1767, placed taxes on imported materials such as glass, lead, paint, paper, and tea. Led to outrage and tons of people boycotted British goods.
Boston Massacre
a clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in 1770, in which five of the colonists were killed.
Committees of Correspondence
Committees of Correspondence, organized by patriot leader Samuel Adams, was a system of communication between patriot leaders in New England and throughout the colonies. They provided the organization necessary to unite the colonies in opposition to Parliament. The committees sent delegates to the First Continental Congress.
Boston Tea Party
A 1773 protest against British taxes in which Boston colonists disguised as Mohawk Indians dumped valuable tea into Boston Harbor.
Coercive Acts
(1774) , This series of laws passed by Parliament were very harsh laws intended to make Massachusetts pay for its resistance, after Britain heard news of the Tea Party. It also closed down the Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts colonists paid for the ruined tea, banned most town meetings. Also forced Bostonians to shelter soldiers in their own homes.