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WLC 331 final
Terms in this set (65)
Who is Ge Hong?
A taoist scholar, famous alchemist, and medical scientist
spent a lot of time trying to prove that the world has immortals
What book did Liu Xiang write and what was it about
Lie xian zhuan
recorded more than 70 immortals and how to become one
What leader suppressed the yellow scarf army?
What happened when Cao Cao tried to march south after uniting the north?
Other leaders (Liu Bei and Sun Quan) teamed up to block him
When did Cao Cao die and who took over
His son, Cao Pi
What did Cao Pi name his new kingdom?
What two dynasties existed south of the Wei?
Shu-Han and Wu
What led to the decline of the three dynasties?
Shu-Han- chancellor Zhuge Liang died
Wu- Sun Quan died
Who usurped the throne and what dynasty did he start?
Sima Yan, a wei general started the Jin dynasty
How long did it take the nation to reunite after its collapse?
nearly 400 years
How were Liu Bei and Cao Cao portrayed in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms
Liu Bei- benevolence ruler
Cao Cao- a tyrant and villain
What are the three meanings of consciousness?
Consciousness of self, awareness of others, and fulfillment of the practice of consciousness
What were Buddha's words called?
What is the general import of Buddhist scriptures?
everything in this and all other lives is a result of karma
What are the five prohibitions of buddhism
One must not kill, rob, marry, lie, or drink wine
When was the Yungang grotto built and how long is its history
500 AD, history of 1500 yrs
How many major caves and stone carvings are there in the Yungang grotto?
45 major caves, 51,000 stone carvings
What is another name for the Mogao Grotto?
Thousand Buddha Caves
How many caves are in the Mogao Grotto?
When was the Mogao Grotto started and finished?
Started in 366AD, finished in 1271-1368 AD
What are the five holy mountains of chinese buddhism?
Shanxi Wutai mountain (dedicated to wenshu pusa)
Putuo mountain (dedicated to Guanyin pusa)
Sichuan Emei mountain (Dedicated to puxian pusa)
Anhui Jiuhua mountain (dedicated to dizang pusa)
Zhejiang xuedu mountain (dedicated to Mile Pusa)
What is the difference between Pusa and Buddha
Level of consciousness. Buddha fulfilled consciousness and pusa has one more step to fulfill.
Meditation of Buddhism is a practice of a human's what 2 things
heart and mind
What does meditation do to your heart and mind?
makes you calmer, clearer, more focused, and happier
What are the two main types of buddhist meditations
Observing and silent
What is observing meditation
use reasoning to forward your mental state
What is silent meditation
Use awareness, attention, and concentration
Who is Huineng?
Sixth Patriarch of the Chan (Zen) or meditation tradition
his life mirrors the fortunes of Chan
What is Huineng associated with
Platform Sutra of the Sixth Patriarch, one of the most influential texts in chinese buddhism
What are the five major organs of the body?
liver, lungs, heart, spleen, and kidney
How many gods do religious daoists believe inhabit the human body
What two cosmological powers dwell in the body
yin and yang
What is po?
represents yin, associated with earth, water, dark.
Dominates physical and animalistic nature.
Permanently found in body as the soul
What is hun
represents yang, associated with sky, fire , light
enters body a month after birth
dominates a persons nature, generosity, and honesty.
It is the qi, free to wander during life and death
Who wrote the first burial classic?
Who is the first tang emperor?
Li Yuan (Buddhist name- Gaozu)
What did Li Yuan do?
created mints and establish copper coinage
decided laws should be reviewed every 20 yrs
Who is the second Tang emperor?
Li Shiming (Buddhist name Taizong)
How did Li Shiming rise to power?
In 626 he murdered two brothers and forced the abdication of his father
What did Li Shiming do?
equalized regional influences
expanded the Sui use of examinations in literature and culture for hiring civil servant and high quality schools at the capital
expanded westward and defeated turks to the east
Talk about Wu Zetian
started as a young concubine of taizong but had an affair with his son, Li Zhi. When Taizong died, Wu shaved her hair and was sent to live in a temple. Li Zhi had fallen in love with her and brought her back to court, where she rose to his favor. She ruled from behind the scenes until his death, when she declared herself empress and started the Zhou dynasty.
What in the palace was reserved for training musicians and dancers in the tang dynasty?
The pear garden
Before the end of the tang dynasty, how many musical categories existed
What was the greatest glory of the tang dynasty?
What types of poetry were introduced in the tang dynasty?
lu shi and jueju
Who is the greatest master of figure painting in the tang dynasty?
Wu Daozi, did 300 wall paintings in temples at Luoyang and Chang'an
Who dominated landscape painting in the tang dynasty?
Wang wei, an official at the court in the western capital
When was Mulan composed?
fifth or sixth century
What is the largest canal in the world and what two rivers does it tie together?
The Grand Canal of China ties together the Yangtze river and yellow rivers, as well as smaller rivers such as the Hai, QIantang, and Huai river
When was the Grand canal made one waterway?
Sui dynasty, 581-618
How long is the grand canal?
How many people dug the canal and when was work finished
5 million, 605
When did a flood spill into the canal, drowning the plains?
What categories did Li Shimin write about for his heirs?
How a ruler should act
How many sections and articles does the Tang code contain?
12 sections, over 500 articles
When was the tang code created and the three times it was updated?
created in 624, modified in 627, 637, and 653
How was the penalty for an offense determined according to the tang code?
Offence and relational position
What were the twelve sections of the tang legal code?
1. General definitions and rules
3. officials in the exercise of their functions
4. peasant families
5. stud-farms and storehouses
6. raising of troops
7. against person and property
8. committed in the course of brawls
9. forgery and counterfeiting
10. various laws of a special character
11. apprehension of guilty persons
12. administration of justice
How long did the system of imperial examination occur?
Sui dynasty to Qing dynasty (1300 yrs)
What were the two parts of the imperial examination?
arts (calligraphy, laws, books)
wushu (military officials)
What is the most influential testing system created in China
What title were the most , second most, and third most successful scholars given?
first- zhang yuan
second- bang yan
third- tan hua
What was the name of Bai Juyi's poem submitted to Gu Kuang?
A farewell poem to the old meadow
What were the 7 major inventions of the Tang dynasty?
1. Clockwork escapement Mechanism
2.Mechanical wine server
3. Gun powder
5. the first gas cylinders
6. Air conditioning
7. woodblock printing
What were the six major achievements of the tang dynasty?
1. Tang legal code
2. Imperial examination system
3. music and the first opera troupe
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