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Terms in this set (62)
3 factors needed for hurricane formation.
1. Warm ocean water: evaporates and becomes clouds.
2. Most air: Allows for condensation.
3. Light upper level winds: Forms clouds and builds strength.
The company which owned the oil of the Deep Water Horizon spill in 2009.
The BP oil spill leaked for how long?
What was used to disperse the BP oil spill?
What is Corexit?
Where was COREXIT found / what animas did COREXIT affect?
It was found in migratory birds, shrimp, dolphins, etc.
What does a wildfire need to form?
How much oil spilled in the Deep Water Horizon incident?
5 million barrels
A fire follows a central <what> of wind when expanding.
Pros of Wildfires
1. Kills disease
2. Refreshes habitat
3. Low intensity fires have no harm
1. Promotes healthy forest ecosystem consisting of mixed-aged trees
2. Allows for self-sustaining cycle of life & death
3. Supports process of natural selection
4. Improves growth opportunities for stronger, healthier trees by thinning small trees and removing weak and insect/disease ridden trees
5. Vital for the reseeding of some trees
Cons of Wildfires
1. Potential soil erosion
2. Always death of some form
3. Decentralized fire causes air pollution
How much marine life is in / originates from coral reefs?
How many people depend on the ocean as their primary source of food?
Size of the Pacific Garbage Vortex
3x France, or
1.6 million km^2
What is in the Pacific Garbage Vortex?
Mostly plastics, microplastics, and fishing equipment.
What is the main effect the Garbage Vortex has on marine life?
Microplastics in the ocean, results in:
Explain ocean acidification.
High levels of atmospheric CO2 increases ocean acidity (pH) in the form of carbonic acid.
Sea creatures' shells dissolve, corals die, phytoplankton die, etc.
Invasive species are _________ to their environment.
not endemic / not native
Examples of invasive species:
Python, Kudzu, Emerald Ash Borer
Pros of invasive species
1. Used as a form of non-chemical pesticide
2. Positive impacts, sometimes
Cons if invasive species
1. Harms native species
2. Harms environment
3. Destroys property
4. Hard to manage
How have native Australian species adapted to / been selected for fitness against Cane Toads?
1. Learn to avoid Cane Toads and the taste of them.
2. Morphological Changes: Snakes with smaller heads
3. Digestion: Planigal Harcupial's poison tolerance
What is point source pollution of freshwater?
Discharging pollutants directly into water sources (agriculture, industry, wastewater).
What is non-point source pollution of freshwater?
Runoff that enters water indirectly from overland flow.
Agricultural topsoil runoff (fertilizer, pesticides) causes:
Eutrophication occurs when:
N-rich pollutants enter water.
Algae blocks sunlight from entering the water.
Where does most of the seafood we eat begin life?
A big issue with publicizing the plight of our oceans is that it is completely put of ___ and out of ___.
What do our oceans control?
How much Acropora palmata remains in the Florida Keys?
We have lost what percentage of corals overall in Florida?
A coral is made up of thousands of small structures, called
What lives inside the tissues of the polyp animal?
What is the function of these cells that live inside the polyp?
Photosynthesize for food.
A coral is called a ___ species.
What was the only thing researchers found that caused corals to turn white?
Raising temperature by two degrees Celcius.
why does a coral bleach?
The temp rise causes impaired photosynthesis, and polyps are expelled.
What was the researchers' hypothesis regarding communicating coral bleaching to the general public?
If you can show the change from live to dead coral, the public can see it, too.
The researchers first attempt at documenting the reef relied on underwater ____.
What is symbiosis?
It is a relationship between two organisms, one will benefit.
Describe the symbiotic relationship between an anemone and a clownfish.
Anemone provide a home, while clownfish provide food.
Name some key coral reef building species:
Montiporas and Porites compressa
How are corals similar to humans?
They build their own environment/habitat.
How is coral reed like a city?
A coral reef system is like that of high rises competing. Fish travel like traffic and live in certain spots.
What drugs come from the sea?
Protoglandion and bryostatin
What is the largest living structure ever made by life on Earth?
Australia's Great Barrier Reef
Coral bleaching is a phenomenon directly attributed to ___.
What evidence can scientists show us that this is a recent phenomenon and not a natural fluctuation?
Carbon dioxide increase caused by humans
What do corals have in common with trees?
What is driving global climate change?
The ocean traps 93% of CO2 released.
What has diminished the effects of global warming on land?
What percentage of heat trapped by the atmosphere is transferred to the oceans?
How hot is the temperature of the water by Lizard Island?
95 Degrees, Fahrenheit
What were the corals in New Caledonia doing and why were they doing this?
Flourescing, creating a sunscreen against harmful rays.
The collapse of the corals leads to extinction at what taxonomic level?
In how many years will the oceans become too warm for coral reefs to survive?
What % of corals on the Great Barrier Reed died in 2016?
This bleaching event can be compared to losing most of the trees between what two American cities?
DC and Maine
We cannot stop global climate change but we can ___ the rate at which the climate is changing.
Was the US listed as a country that has committed to be powered by clean energy as of May 2017?
Has Atlanta committed to being powered by clean energy?
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