13 terms

Piano Scales and Modes

Level 9 Piano, Lesson 2 of the book "Basics of Keyboard Theory" by Julie McIntosh Johnson. Remembering: Doctor P Lyes (lies) Mainly About Lunch. [From as if playing on the __ # of the major scale :)]
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Scales
A series of notes that are a step apart and begin and end with notes of the same letter name.
Major Scales
Contains all the sharps/flats from the Major Key signature with the same name. (8 notes). Same pattern as Ionian Mode. [WWHWWWH]
Natural Minor Scales
Contains all the sharps/flats from the minor key signature with the same name. Same pattern as Aeolian Mode. [WHWWHWW]
Harmonic Minor Scales
Created by raising the 7th note of the natural minor scale a half step. Makes the 7th note a 'leading tone'. [WHWWHW+1H]
Melodic Minor Scales
Created by raising the 6th and 7th note of a natural minor scale a half step while ascending, and returning then to the original position while descending. [WHWWWWH WWHWWHW]
Chromatic Scale
Contains 13 notes, each a half step away form its neighbor. Use sharps while ascending and flats while descending. [HHHHHHHHHHHHH]
Whole Tone Scale
Consists of seven notes which are all whole steps away from each other. One letter name will be missing when writing on the staff. [WWWWWWW]
Dorian Mode
Contains same pattern as if beginning and ending on the 2nd note of the major scale. Half steps occur between notes 2/3 and 6/7. [WHWWWHW]
Phrygian Mode
Contains same pattern as if beginning and ending on the 3rd note of the major scale. Half steps occur between 1/2 and 5/6. [HWWWHWW]
Lydian Mode
Contains the same pattern as if beginning and ending on the 4th note of the major scale. Half steps occur between notes 4/5 and 7/8. [WWWHWWH]
Mixolydian Mode
Contains same pattern as if beginning and ending on the 5th note of the major scale. Half step ocur between notes 3/4 and 6/7. [WWHWWHW]
Aeolian Mode
Contains the same pattern as if beginning and ending on the 6th note of the major scale. Helf steps occur between notes 2/3 and 5/6. [WHWWHWW]
Locrian Mode
Contains the same pattern as if beginning and ending on the 7th note of the major scale. Half steps ocur between notes 1/2 and 4/5. [HWWHWWW]