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Weather and Climate Exam 2 True or False
Terms in this set (19)
Orographic lifting occurs when air is forced to ascend upslope as it is pushed against a mountain.
A front is the transition zone between four air masses with similar temperature, humidity, and density characteristics.
The four stages needed to complete the life cycle of a mid-latitude cyclone include: cyclogenesis, open stage, occluded stage, and dissolving stage.
Sublimation is the process by which water vapor changes directly to a solid
Deposition is the process through which water vapor in the air becomes liquid water.
Most of the Earth's continental land is in the southern hemisphere and water dominates the surface in the northern hemisphere.
The soil moisture environment includes three categories: gravitational, capillary, and unsaturated.
Groundwater provides 80% of the world's irrigation water from agriculture and half of the world's drinking water.
Consumptive water use refers to the permanent removal of water from the immediate water environment.
The federal water pollution control act of 1965 was the first set of U.S. laws to address water pollution.
Seawater is a solution comprised of a concentration of dissolved solids known as salinity.
Oceans absorb excess NO from the atmosphere as part of the global carbon cycle.
The redistribution of wave energy is known as wave transition.
Depositional coastal processes are along land of gentle relief are relatively passive and tectonically inactive.
Coral bleaching and reef deterioration can occur from local pollution, disease, sedimentation, changes in ocean salinity, and increasing oceanic acidity.
Based on what you have learned about global water distribution, is there a relationship between poverty and a lack of clean drinkable water?
Yes; there are strong correlations between a country's financial wealth and the presence of clean drinkable water.
Which of the following is not considered to be a sustainable water strategy? a. Desalination B. Water efficiency and conservation C. Groundwater withdrawal D. International cooperation
C. Groundwater withdrawal
Which of the following is not an example of how coastal systems impact humans?
Human development drains and fills coastal wetlands and mangrove swamps, removing their ability to buffer storms.
What is a direct result of ice-sheet darkening?
Darker surfaces decrease reflectivity thus lowering the albedo.
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