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History of Rock and Roll final
Terms in this set (55)
British blues pioneer, __________ was known as the "Elder Statesman of British Blues".
British blues and psychedelic band, The _________ were the starting point for guitarists Eric Clapton, Jeff Beck and Jimmy Page.
The Yardbirds were early pioneers of psychedelic music and known for ad hoc jams called _______, a mix of R&B with extended guitar/harmonica passages, blues with a fierce drive to the music
British blues band __________, led by Eric Burdon were second only to Rolling Stones in influence among R&B based bands.
Packaged as a British blues band (even though they were Irish), ___________ were led by Van Morrison who was considered the most critically acclaimed pop music songwriter of the 1960's.
British invasion band _________ were known as the precursers of heavy meyal and punk rock, later known as "power chord" playing.
The most enduring of the British Invasion bands, ________ were earthy, vulgar, rough , and sexier than the Beatles. They pushed the generation gap.
The Rolling Stones
Motown is almost entirely attributed to one man -___________.
Barry Gordy's Motown formula consists of:
-doo-wop male vocals
-stock rock chord progressions
-solid instrument back-up
-catchy hook phrases
________ were the studio musicians who shaped the Motown sound
The funk brothers
Motown artists Smokey Robinson and the Miracles were known for Robinson's beautiful falsetto voice. ___________ became the miracles forte
Motown group_____ were the finest vocal group in 60s Soul music. They were the closest to church and gospel roots
____________ & the Supremes were one of the most important female groups in rock history
Motown's endearing child act The Jackson 5 were fronted by 10 year old Michael who danced like a miniature___________. The Jackson Five transcended all race and age barriers.
__________ is the most successful artist in Motown's history.
Soul Artist _______ was Atlantic's best-selling southern soul performer
Stax soul artist Wilson Pickett's ___________ was one of the most successful songs of soul era.
In the Midnight Hour
Stax's group of top notch studio session players formed the instrumental soul group _______
Booker T. and the MGs
Stax artists _____ earned a reputation as leading performer of soul Ballads. His performance at the Monterey Pop Festival gained him a wider audience
Folk singer __________ is the most important American contributor to rock music and the first poet of the mass media.
Bob Dylan shows that folk IS __________ with his fusion of country, folk, blues, rock & roll and poetry both ancient and new.
The first album of Bob Dylan's acoustic period was ______________
The Times They Are A-Changin
Dylan's electric music illustrates his wit and was a catalyst for the drug culture and the anti-___________ movement.
Bob Dylan's electric band went on to form The Band (Robbie Robertson, Levon Helm). Together, Bob Dylan and The Band they set the scene for __________.
The song __________, featuring rapid-fire lyrics, was Bob Dylan's first Top 40 hit and one of Dylan's first electric pieces.
Subterranean Homesick Blues
Critis considered the song _______ to be Bob Dylans magnum opus
Like a Rolling Stone
The Byrd's song ___________ was heralded as the first drug tube and led 60s music to the psychedelic period "Acid Rock"
Eight Miles High
The Byrd's version of Bob Dylan's composition __________ was declared to be the first folk-rock hit in rock history
Mr. Tambourine Man
The song For What It's Worth by __________ was one of the most representative sounds of the 1960s. Written by Stephen Stills during the aftermath of the infamous Sunset Strip riots of 1966-1967, it was commonly labeled as a protest song.
There were an estimated ________ to ________ bands in the San Francisco area in the late 1960s
A key philosophy of the Haight-Ashbury hippies was ___________. This philosophy became entrenched in the university curriculum by the early 1960s. It gave students a language to question the complacent assumptions of American society.
The _________ rock music of the San Francisco scene had a floating quality and an Eastern Indian influence with the sitar.
__________ was/were one of the best Sanfrancisco bands of the 1960s.
__________was/were the most popular of the San Francisco bands
__________, lead singer for Jefferson Airplane, had a great female rock voice.
San Francisco band ______________ are considered to be the ultimate cult band. They were never really part of the mainstream music scene. Their music is an eclectic blend of folk, country, and blues. Their fans are know as "Deadheads".
The Grateful Dead
Iconic rock singer __________ was a representation of a culture and a generation much like Dylan who broke the barriers for women in the music industry. Overall, her performances were a fresh and sincere; she sang the blues to transcend pain.
Iconic rocker ___________ redefined the guitar and guitar performance. He was able to explore and master ALL the sonic force of the instrument and had the gift and ability to harness the distortions and feedback and not use them as a gimmick.
_________, of the Doors, influenced rockers such as Alice Cooper and Marilyn Manson and is looked at as one of the fathers of contemporary rock.
_______is/are considered to be the first heavy metal band.
Led Zeppelin established the concept of album oriented rock; for example their hit song ___________ was never released as a single.
Stairway to Heaven
Led Zeppelin guitarist ___________ along with Hendrix - expanded the sonic vocabulary of the electric guitar.
Later Led Zeppelin albums (starting with led Zeppelin III-) move to more folk-derived material and ____________ mythology.
Hard rock in the 70s represented an offshoot of British blues bands. Hard rock bands from ___________ were mostly southern based and also relied on the blues heavily.
British power trio Cream, featuring __________ on guitar, were blues based and along with Led Zeppelin, provided the roots of heavy metal.
_______ was the keyboard player and lead singer for the R&B rooted band Traffic. His Ray Charles influenced vocals helped him dominate the British hard rock super group Blind Faith.
British hard rocker __________ started his own band Faces in 1970. His hoarse, raspy voice was just right for blues shouting.
The Allman Brothers were from Nashville and represented a new approach to American hard rock-
Southern rock band __________ followed in the Allman Brother's footsteps. They took the blues based music of the Allman Brothers and added a harder rock sound.
New Jersey rocker __________ represents quintessential mainstream rock and roll with his hard rocking band, raw unsophisticated voice and working class lyrics.
The Heavy Metal style includes: (choose five)
high speed guitar solos
The music of heavy metal band ________, featuring at one time lead singer Ozzy Osbourne, was the alternative to good time party rock with themes of anger and aggression
Heavy metal band ___________ played with a pure heavy metal style and used Alice Cooper inspired theatrics and make-up.
Eddie Van Halen of the band Van Halen is one of the premier _______ in rock.
Modern heavy metal band __________'s music is an archetypal representative of the heavy metal style. Their music features pounding distorted low guitar riffs, an insistent heavy beat, lightning fast guitar solos and gloomy lyrics.
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