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Origins of Christianity
Terms in this set (23)
(Wisdom) The divine deity in the Gnostic religion who has an accident and creates Saklas, the created of our world.
The evil god created outside of the spirit realm, created our evil physical world.
Irenaeus, bishop of Lyons (130-202)
A writer in the and century who opposed Gnosticism. Argued about Apostolic succession, Rule of faith, and Unity of belief.
A Christian writer from the second century. Justin conducts the most searching interpretation of Greek philosophy from a Christian perspective so far, and thereby offers what might be the first instance of a real encounter with pagan culture.
Emperor, tried to have a pagan revival, the Great Prosecution happened under him.
Made Christianity legal in 313, was in favour of the church, gave Christians power, made Constantinople a Christian city.
Theodosius I (391-392)
Made Christianity become the official religion (391-392), and made paganism illegal.
407-408 declared heresy to be a crime.
The powerful bishop of Milan, was adamant that the emperor is in the church, not above it.
The first church historian, he celebrated Constantine and his conversion.
From Alexandria, questioned whether it was appropriate to talk about Jesus being eternal. He thought Jesus was a creature, and therefore was not God.
Athanasius of Alexandria
Well known bishop of Alexandria, fought for Christian Orthodoxy and against the Arians. (homoousios) -> this is not a biblical word and caused farther debate over the next 50 years.
The Bishop of Alexandria, Alexander
Alexander attacks Arius for his interpretation of certain biblical passages, e.g. Proverbs 8.22: "The Lord created me at the beginning of his ways"
Edict of Milan
Granted all persons, including Christians, to worship what they wanted freely. By Constantine in 313
said that The Virgin Mary should not be called The Mother of God, but rather called The Mother of Christ
Gregory of Nyssa
Key player in the The Council of Constantinople
Gregory of Nazianzus
Key player in The Council of Constantinople
Cyril of Alexandria
Was the Patriarch of Alexandria from 412 to 444. was a central figure in the First Council of Ephesus in 431, which led to the deposition of Nestorius as Patriarch of Constantinople. "One incarnate nature of God the Word" -> Cyril's formula
Council of Nicaea
(325 AD) ->Arius was questioning whether it was appropriate to talk about Jesus being eternal. He thought Jesus was a creature, and therefore was not God. They hold a council to decide whether or not Arius is right, Arius was condemned and was to be exiled.
The Council of Constantinople
(381 AD) -> Athanasius of Alexandria and the consubstantial (homoousios) -> this is not a biblical word and caused farther debate over the next 50 years. It was able to be clearer on the status of the Son and on the humanity of Christ (that he had a human soul as well as a human body) while adding a statement on the divinity of the Spirit, thus rounding up a full-blown doctrine of the Trinity.
The Council of Ephesus
(431 AD) -> Nestorius said that The Virgin Mary should not be called The Mother of God, but rather called The Mother of Christ. A council was held in 431, to bring Nestorius to a judgment and get him to confess the right fate. He refused, and Cyril had him condemned.One person, one subject of worship, but with two natures perfectly divine and perfectly human. The union of these two natures was thought of as important to the salvation. "One incarnate nature of God the Word" -> Cyril's formula.
The Council of Chalcedon
(451 AD) -> The Chalcedon is the most explicit statement about who Christ is. One Christ, in two natures, but one person. Perfectly divine and perfectly human, Truly god and truly man. A rational soul and a body. Like us in all respects, except sin. Begotten from the father, and in the recent days for our salvation from Mary the Mother of God. No confusion, no change, no division, no separation.
this is not a biblical word and caused farther debate over the next 50 years in the Nicene Creed.
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