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27 terms

Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development

STUDY
PLAY
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
Cognitive development comes through use of body and senses
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
No object permanence until later in this stage
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
Productive language absent until end of period
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
Egocentrism
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
Educational Implication: Provide multiple objects for stimulation of various shapes, colors and sizes
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
Educational Implication: Allow students to actively engage environmental objects
Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).
Begins using symbols but cannot manipulate them
Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).
Realism, animism, artificialism, transductive reasoning, centering, egocentrism and irreversibility
Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).
Egocentric and socialized speech
Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).
Educational Implication: Deferred imitation, symbolic play, drawing and mental images
Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).
Educational Implication: Encourage the use of language
Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)
Can perform mental operations with the use of concrete objects, not verbal statements
Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)
Conservation, seriation, classification and number concepts
Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)
Educational Implication: Verbal understanding
Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)
Educational Implication: Classification activities
Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)
Educational Implication: Integrated activities that allow students to make connections between ideas previously thought to be separate
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
Released from the restrictions of tangible and concrete
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
May separate real from the possible, hypothetic/deductive reasoning
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
Development of logico-mathematical structures
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
Language freed from concrete, able to express the possible
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
Educational Implication: Challenge, do not frustrate
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
Educational Implication: Be aware of adolescent limitations
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
Educational Implication: Encourage analysis of information in drawing conclusions
Sensorimotor (ages 0-2 years)
(ages 0-2 years)
Preoperational (ages 2-7 years).
(ages 2-7 years).
Concrete operational (ages 7-11 years)
(ages 7-11 years)
Formal operational
(ages 11 years and up)
(ages 11 years and up)