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Terms in this set (49)
happiness is considered very important in life. Why is it difficult to define ? What factors are important in achieving happiness ?
It is no doubt true that the majority of people would like to be happy in their lives.
While the personal nature of happiness makes it difficult to describe, there do seem to be some common needs that we all share with regard to experiencing or achieving happiness.
Happiness is difficult to define because it means something different to each individual person.
Nobody can fully understand or experience another person's feelings, and we all have our own particular passions from which we take pleasure.
Some people, for example, derive a sense of satisfaction from earning money or achieving success, whereas for others, health and family are much more important.
derive vt. & vi. 得到,源于(/dɪ'raɪv)
At the same time, a range of other feelings, from excitement to peacefulness, may be associated with the idea of happiness,
and the same person may therefore feel happy in a variety of different ways.
Although it seems almost impossible to give a precise definition of happiness, most people would agree that there are some basic preconditions to achieving it.
precondition-n. 前提, 先决条件
definition (/defɪ'nɪʃ(ə)n) n. 定义, 释义
Firstly, it is hard for a person to be happy if he or she does not have a safe place to live and enough food to eat.
Our basic survival needs must surely be met before we can lead a pleasant life.
Secondly, the greatest joy in life is usually found in shared experiences with family and friends, and it is rare to find a person who is content to live in complete isolation.
Other key factors could be individual freedom (sự tự do cá nhân )and a sense of purpose in life.
In conclusion, happiness is difficult to define because it is particular to each individual, but I believe that our basic needs for shelter, food and company need to be fulfilled before we can experience it.
a mere pittance
a very small sum of money
pittance (/'pɪt(ə)ns) n. 少量；小额施舍；少量津贴
mere (/mɪə) adj. 仅仅, 只不过
He works hard but he's paid a pittance.
a barefaced lie / a shameless lie
nói dối trắng trợn
barefaced adj. 厚颜无耻的; 露骨的
very hot; used to describe food
I like my soup piping hot.
squeaky (ˈskwi:ki)adj. 发轧声的；吱吱响的
used at the end of a sentence
(句号；[语] 句点, dừng lại hoàn toàn ) Make sure you put a full stop at the end of every sentence.
Look, I'm not lending you my car, full stop!
a very sharp cutting utensil
"you are highly intelligent with a .....-..... mind"
crystal clear water
adj. 不含糊的; 清楚的; 明确的
(lạnh như đá ) Your dinner's been on the table for over an hour and it's stone-cold.
At 73, she's still fighting fit, walking five miles a day.
in broad daylight
in full view of the public/easily seen
a small fortune
a lot of money
You'll have to spend a small fortune in legal fees if you decide to sue for compensation.
stark naked (adv)
not wearing any clothes at all
stark adj. 僵硬的, 光秃秃的, 荒凉的
When you are young, you must invest in yourself and then convert the accumulated skills into profit later on. You, as a person, have a price tag in the market of life. You are your skills.
convert vt. & vi. (使)转变, (使)转化
I may appear dumb or confused all the time in the class in comparison to others. However, persistence and sheer tenacity outweighs talent. Life is a marathon, not an 100 meter dash
comparison n. 比较, 对照
sheer adj. 完全的; 十足的
tenacity n. 固执；韧性；不屈不挠；黏性
dash n. 破折号；冲撞
Always prioritize and understand what's important and what's less important. Write a 1 year plan, know what you want, break it up into small chunks, and religiously every day follow the path to the final achievement.
religiously (/rɪˈlɪd ʒəslɪ) adv. 笃信地;虔诚地
There is a handful of podcasts that I listen to religiously every day and they are such a big part of my life
We subconsciously raise our eyebrows when we're genuinely pleased to see someone
subconsciously [,sʌb'kɔnʃəsli] adv. 潜意识地
night terrors vs nightmares
night terrors: within 4 hours of bedtime, inconsolable(adj. 没法安慰的,极悲痛的), no memory of events, deep NREM sleep
nightmares: late in sleep cycle, comforted, vivid recall of dream, REM sleep
n. 恐怖; 恐怖活动
vt. & vi. 混合, 混入
vi. 混进, 与...交往[联系]
to humble oneself in a demeaning way
the name of the game
the most important part of an activity, or the quality that you most need for that activity:
People say that in politics the name of the game is making the right friends.
to act as if you are in total control of something:
Genetic engineers should not be allowed to play God, interfering with the basic patterns of Nature.
play a / the waiting game
thực hiện kế hoãn binh
In a contest like this, the stronger team can afford to play a waiting game.
the game's up
something that you say to tell someone that their secret plans or tricks have been discovered and they cannot continue(hết chỗi cãi, hết giở trò )
raise your game
to make an effort to improve the way that you do something:
They're going to have to raise their game if they want to stay in the Premiership this season.
(nỗ lực hơn )
play for time
to delay something because you are not ready, or need more time to think about it
We can't sign the agreement yet - we'll have to play for time.
play it cool
hide your feelings so that you appear calm and controlled
Play it cool - don't let them know how much you need the money.
play it safe
to be careful
play me for a fool
xem tôi là một tên ngốc
chơi gian lận
If you're talking to someone and they're tilting their head to the side while you're talking, it's a sign they're comfortable and they like you and what you're talking about.
tilt vi. 倾斜；翘起；以言词或文字抨击
Don't use botox! Use an authentic smile
Your creases around the eyes show people you're genuinely happy to see them. If you don't see the little crinkles around someone's eyes, consider being cautious
crease (/kriːs)n. 折痕；折缝 vi. 起皱 vt. 弄皱；使起折痕
crinkle n. 波纹；沙沙声；皱纹(/'krɪŋk(ə)l)
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