15 terms

Middle East Religions

SS7G8 The student will describe the diverse cultures of the people who live in Southwest Asia (Middle East). a. Explain the differences between an ethnic group and a religious group. b. Explain the diversity of religions within the Arabs, Persians, and Kurds. c. Compare and contrast the prominent religions in Southwest Asia (Middle East): Judaism, Islam, and Christianity. d. Explain the reason for the division between Sunni and Shia Muslims. e. Evaluate how the literacy rate affects the standard…
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Religious Group
Shares a belief system in a God or gods, with a specific set of rituals and literature.
Ethnic Group
A group of people who share cultural ideas and beliefs that have been a part of their community for generations.
Judaism
Monotheistic religion, founded by Abraham, the holy writing is the Torah, and their God is called Yahweh.
Islam
It is a monotheistic religion that was founded by Muhammad. Its holy cities are Mecca and Medina, their holy text is the Qur'an, and they worship the god Allah.
Kurds
Live in several different countries is Southwest Asia, speak Kurdish, and have their own history, literature, music, and traditions.
Christianity
This movement grew out of Judaism. It was founded by Jesus Christ. Their holy text is the Bible, and their holy city is Jerusalem.
Monotheism
The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Persians
Live in the modern country of Iran, are descended from Indo Europeans, and speak Farsi.
Polytheism
The belief or worship in more than one god.
Arabs
Believe themselves to be descended from Abraham, they make up the majority of the population of Southwest Asia and they speak Arabic.
Sunni Muslims
Believe that the leader of the Islamic faith should be the person who is the most able to lead and keep the people together.
Shia Muslims
Believe that the leader of the Islamic faith should be a direct descendant of the prophet Muhammad.
Abraham
Founder of Judaism, connected in some way to all three major religions of Southwest Asia.
Muhammad
Founder of Islam, prophet of Allah.
Jesus Christ
Founder of Christianity, taught of a personal relationship with God. Many followers of Christianity believe is the son of God.