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31 terms

Marine Life Vocabulary

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Aquatic Biome
one of the fundamental biome classifications; a biome in water
biome
climatically and geographically defined as similiar climatic conditions on the Earth, such as communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms
brackish
slightly salty
decomposer
an organism that breaks down the cells of a dead plant or animal into simpler substances
detritivore
an organism that uses organic waste as a food source
estuary
the part of the mouth/lower region of a river where the river current meets the sea's tide
Marine Biome
Biomes of the coastal and continental shelf areas
pelagic
living or growing at or near the surface of the ocean, far from land
top predator
the organism at the top of the food chain
coral reefs
underwater structures made from calcium carbonate secrated by corals. Harbor the most diverse ecosystems on Earth
vent communities
a volanic vent that sprouts out geothermally heated water; host complex communities
abyssal plain
an underwater plain on the deep ocean floor, found at the depths of 3,000 and 6,000 meters. The deepest living fish was found at this depth
mangrove forest
a tree/shrub of medium height. It occurs in tropics or subtropics and exists in brackish and pure salt water
estuary
a partly enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it. It has a connection to the sea
coast lines
where the land meets the ocean. Also known as littoral zone or the inter tidal zone
kelp forest
underwater areas with a high density of kelp. It is one of the most productive and dynamic ecosystems on Earth
canivore
an animal that eats other animals
herbivore
an animal that eats plants
nekton
animals that swim strongly
consumer
any animal (a living thing that eats plants or other animals to get its energy)
producer
any plant (a living thing that takes energy from the sun and creates sugar)
benthos
plants and animals that crawl on the ocean floor
plankton
plants and animals that float in the ocean
benthic
the bottom of the ocean
nutrients
the building blocks of life that living need to survive
photic
the layer of the ocean that has light
mixed layer
the layer of the ocean that is well mixed by wind
aphotic
the layer of the ocean with no light
zooplankton
tiny animals that float in the ocean
phytoplankton
tiny plants that float in the ocean
coastal upwelling
zones where water that is rich in nutrients come to the surface