History chapters 29 & 30
because for some reason there isn't one for second semester
Terms in this set (55)
how did czars Alexander III and Nicholas II deal with calls for a reform?
they imposed strict censorship codes on published materials and watched schools
How did life change for Russians after the success of the Bolshevik Revolution?
the NEP was instituted, people could sell their excess goods for profit, nationalism was discouraged
How did the "May Fourth Movement" influence the formation of a Communist party in China?
as a result many people turned not to Communism, but to ideas of democracy
How did the Allies respond to Wilson's vision for peace?
they showed little interest in agreeing
How did the reigns of Alexander III and Nicholas II help pave the way for revolution?
they had halted reforms and claimed total power, increasing unrest
How did the Russo-Japanese war show the czar's weakness?
they broke the agreement with Japan and as a result suffered many losses at their hands, sparking unrest
How did the treaty of Versailles affect postwar Germany
they lost territory, were ordered to pay reparations and had to accept sole responsibility for the start of the war
How was the result of the nationalist movement in Saudi Arabia different from the results in Turkey and Iran?
it was limited to religiously acceptable areas
In which country did Nationalists lead a successful rebellion against its sultan and then reform the government with an emphasis on modernization?
Summarize the Schlieffen plan
to attack and defeat France in the West, then rush east to fight Russia
Under the treaty of Versailles, to whom did the Allies give Chinese territories to that had previously been controlled by Germany?
What action on November 11, 1918, brought WWI to an end?
Germany and France signed an armistice
What actions led to the formation of new nations out of the Central Powers
Treaties signed with the central powers causing them to lose lands
What did Sun Yixian's Revolutionary Alliance accomplish?
they overthrew the last Emporer
What did the Central Powers gain over Russia at the battle near Tannenburg?
They pushed Russia out of their country
What did the pogroms do that occurred in the late 19th-century Russia do?
allowed organized violence against Jews
What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to?
German submarines would sink, without warning any ship waters around Britain
What did war become once the participating countries began devoting all of their resources to the war effort?
A total War
What event in 1937 halted the Chinese Civil War?
Japan invaded Manchuria
What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War
the assassination of Franz Ferdinand
What gamble did Germany make before the United States entered the war?
that their naval blockade would starve Britain into defeat before the United States could mobilize
What impact did Russia's involvement into WWI have on the Russian government?
it helped lead to revolution
What impact did the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk have on Germany?
Germany could send all its forces to the western front
what influences created an environment for nationalism in Southwest Asia?
the control foreign countries had on their economy and trade, this caused a thirst for reformation
What is a totalitarian state?
one whose government takes total, centralized state control ever aspect of public and private life
what is the probable link between militarism and imperialism
the thirst for power, which at the time, was land
what is the policy of glorifying power and keeping an army prepared for war
what key factor led to the formation of the Triple alliance and the Triple Entente
rivalries and mistrust among countries
what leader, who was responsible for the Great Purge and the main group that was victimized by it
Stalin; he punished anyone who was considered a threat to his power
What led Great Britain finally to grant India limited self-rule
Ghandi's non-violent protests and civil disobedience campaigns
what promises were made to the indian people in exchange for their service under Britain in WWI?
they promised reforms that would eventually lead to self-government
what region was referred to as the "powder keg" of Europe?
What was significant in the Allied victory at the first battle of the Marne?
the German's Schlieffen plan was left in ruins
What was the American public's opinions about joining the League of Nations?
many objected to joining, thinking it best to stay out of europe's affairs
What was the purpose of the soviet state's five-year plans?
to develop the Soviet Union's economy
what was the result of China having a Nationalist government recognized by the world but a communist party growing in the countryside?
the nationalists and communists clashed
what was trench warfare intended to accomplish?
to prevent the enemy from advancing
What were soviets under Russia's provisional government?
local councils, consisting of workers, peasants and soldiers
What were the Fourteen Points
a proposal by Wilson to achieve a just and lasting peace
What were the goals of the Allie's Gallipoli campaign?
the allies wanted to take Constantinople and establish a supply line to Russia
Which countries made up Europe's Great Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy and France
Which group was known for taking a 6,000 mile journey known as the "Long March"
which nation's actions caused the US to fight in WWI
Germany sank the U.S. Lusitania
Which revolutions were started under Stalin's rule as a means to improve the Soviet Union's economy?
an industrial revolution and an agricultural revolution
Who did China's peasants align themselves with in the 1920's?
Who led Germany during the last decade of the 1800's and most of WWI
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Who led the famous protest known as the Salt March
Who seized power from Persia's shah and changed the name of his country to Iran
Reza Shah Pahlavi
who was forced to assume sole responsibility for the war under the Treaty of Versailles
Who were the bolsheviks?
a branch of russian marxists who were willing to sacrifice everything for a change
Who were the victims of the shanghai massacre, and who were there murderers?
The communists were murdered by the Nationalists
why did bismarck seek alliances that later became the triple alliance?
he hoped to take away potential allies from France
Why did Chinese peasants align themselves with the communists rather than the nationalists
they felt Jiang did little to improve their lives
Why did Italy refuse to support its ally Germany
they believed Germany unjustly started the war
Why were Germany and Austria-Hungary known as Central Powers
because of their location in the heart of Europe