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62 terms

World Religions East - Buddhism

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dates of Buddha and name
563-483 BCE. Siddhartha
dream 9 months before Siddhartha was born that his mother had
dream of a white elephant.
Birth of Buddha
mother died during it
who was in charge of raising Siddhartha?
princess Gotami. she became queen
who/when did Siddhartha marry? and who was their kid?
married in 547 BC, Princess Yashodhara, they have prince Rahula
when does Siddhartha leave kingdom and what is it called
leaves in 534, its called the Great Renunciation
When is Siddhartha's spiritual quest?
534-528 BCE
when did Siddhartha become enlightened?
May 528 BCE
Budh and Buddha meaning
Budh-to awaken or enlighten
Buddha-awkwaened one or enlightened one
Buddha's first sermon where/when
528 BCE in Deer Park
When did the Buddha die?
483 BCE
four passing sites (buddhism)
first time outside walls: sick person
second time outside walls: old person
third time: funeral
fourth time: Hindu Monk
four places of buddhist pilgrimage
Lumbini, Nepal-birthplace of Buddha
Bodh-Gaya- in bihar province, enlightenment place of B.
Benaras- Uttar Pradesh Province, place of first sermon
Kusinara-Uttar Pradesh province, Mahaparinirvana
buddhist 1st council
created the Tripitakas
buddhist 1st council scriptures and five sermons
created Sutta Pitaka (Ethical sermons) five sermons
1. Sigha Nikaya
Long sermon
2. Majjhima
medium length sermons
3. Sam yutta
connected sermons
4. Anguttara
graded in length
5. Khuddaka
Shorter sermons
Vinaya created at 1st council
Rules of monks and nuns
Abhidarna created at 1st sermon
Metaphysical sermons, they are very difficult to read
where did the 2nd council take place
Vesali, Bihar Province, India
how many monks were at the 2nd council
700
what was the point of the 2nd council
to look into the 15 points of dispute and controversy, of the 15, 10 were vinaya issues. Five were sutta issues.
result of 2nd council
permanent split of buddhist tradition of Theravada.
Thereavada - 2nd council
conservative group who didn't want changes - 40%
Mahasanghika - 2nd council
liberal group who accepted changes - 60%
Emporer Ashoka
304-237 BCE father was Binsudara, became king 273 until death (Kalinga Kingdom). Ashoka overhears a buddhist monk who was consoling a grieving family who wants to know more about buddhism. Head of Sangha monk Magoliputta tissa went to teach Ashoka.
Three refuges - Buddhism
I take refuge in the Buddha, in the Dharma and in the Sangha
3rd council - Buddhism
247 BC, brought together by Ashoka
where did the 3rd council take place - Buddhism
Pataliputra, Bihar, India
how many monks were at the 3rd council - Buddhism
1000
purpose of 3rd council - Buddhism
look into the possibility of reconciling the two factions, look into the possibility of spreading buddhism outside its place of birth
spread of theravada buddhism
sri lanka, burma, thailand, cambodia, laos, southern vietnam
5 themes of meditation (buddhism)
metta bhavana, karvna, mudita, ahubha, uppeka
metta bhavana (buddhism)
theme of meditation meaning friendliness
karvna (buddhism)
theme of meditation meaning spiritual needs compassion. monks should be in this world but not get attached
Mudita (Buddhism)
theme of meditation meaning joy
Ahubha (buddhism)
theme of meditation meaning impurities
Upekka (buddhism)
theme of meditation meaning serenity
Uposatha meetings (buddhism)
full moon day, new moon day, 8th day after full and new moon
Vassa retreats (buddhism)
7 years or 15 years.
Samanera (novice)
Upasampada (High ordination)
Bhikku (monk)
Bhikkuni (Nuns)
Attha Pirikara 8 possessions that the monks own (buddhism)
alms bowl, 2 robes, razor, needle and thread, water strainer, fan, belt
three marks of existence
(Tri Lakshana)
1. Dukkha
2. Anicca
3. Anatta
Dukkha (Buddhism)
one of the three marks of existence meaning pain and suffering
Anicca (buddhism)
one of the three marks of existence meaning impermanence, ethical outcome
Annatta (buddhism)
one of the three marks of existence meaning essencelessness, metaphysical outcome
12 fold wheel of causality
1. suffering
2. life
3. desire
4. attachment
5. craving
6. phenomenon of sense experience
7. sense object contact
8. six senses 6th being the mind
9. mind body complex
10. consciousness
11. karmic impressions
12. primal ignorance
four noble truths
1. suffering exists
2. suffering has causes
3. suffering can be stopped
4. suffering can be ended
Noble eightfold path
Prajna - Wisdom
1. right views
2. right resolve
Sila - morality
3. right speech
4. right conduct
5. right livelihood
6. right effort
Samadhi - concentration
7. right mindfulness
8. right concentration
Emperor Kanishka (buddhism)
a Hun of the Kushan tribe, 78-103 CE
three types of karma
verbal, physical, mental
year of the 4th council
100 CE
place of the 4th council
Jalandhara, Punjab India
how many monks in the 4th council
1000
purpose of the 4th council
1. codify the Mahasonghika interpretation
2. spreading buddhism to china
succeeded in both
Trikaya doctrine
the body of the buddha
dharmakaya-
eternal buddha
cosmic buddha
sambhogakaya-
infinite number of Budhisatva
two levels of reality (buddhism)
for mahayana buddhists
absolute level
& relative level
Emporer Ming Di
of the Han Dynasty of China (58-75 CE)
minister Zhong Hu
Mahayana schoosl of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism
Red-Hat
1. Nyingna-PA
2. Kagyu-PA
3. Sakya-PA
Yellow-Hat
1. Geluk-PA
geluk Buddhism
yellow hat, most recent, most popular, most intellectual, sect of the Dalai Lama
Sigha Nikaya (buddhism)
long sermon
Majjhima (buddhism)
medium length sermons
sam yutta (buddhism)
connected sermons
anguttara (buddhism)
graded in length
khuddaka (buddhism)
shorter sermons