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dates of Buddha and name

563-483 BCE. Siddhartha

dream 9 months before Siddhartha was born that his mother had

dream of a white elephant.

Birth of Buddha

mother died during it

who was in charge of raising Siddhartha?

princess Gotami. she became queen

who/when did Siddhartha marry? and who was their kid?

married in 547 BC, Princess Yashodhara, they have prince Rahula

when does Siddhartha leave kingdom and what is it called

leaves in 534, its called the Great Renunciation

When is Siddhartha's spiritual quest?

534-528 BCE

when did Siddhartha become enlightened?

May 528 BCE

Budh and Buddha meaning

Budh-to awaken or enlighten
Buddha-awkwaened one or enlightened one

Buddha's first sermon where/when

528 BCE in Deer Park

When did the Buddha die?

483 BCE

four passing sites (buddhism)

first time outside walls: sick person
second time outside walls: old person
third time: funeral
fourth time: Hindu Monk

four places of buddhist pilgrimage

Lumbini, Nepal-birthplace of Buddha
Bodh-Gaya- in bihar province, enlightenment place of B.
Benaras- Uttar Pradesh Province, place of first sermon
Kusinara-Uttar Pradesh province, Mahaparinirvana

buddhist 1st council

created the Tripitakas

buddhist 1st council scriptures and five sermons

created Sutta Pitaka (Ethical sermons) five sermons
1. Sigha Nikaya
Long sermon
2. Majjhima
medium length sermons
3. Sam yutta
connected sermons
4. Anguttara
graded in length
5. Khuddaka
Shorter sermons

Vinaya created at 1st council

Rules of monks and nuns

Abhidarna created at 1st sermon

Metaphysical sermons, they are very difficult to read

where did the 2nd council take place

Vesali, Bihar Province, India

how many monks were at the 2nd council


what was the point of the 2nd council

to look into the 15 points of dispute and controversy, of the 15, 10 were vinaya issues. Five were sutta issues.

result of 2nd council

permanent split of buddhist tradition of Theravada.

Thereavada - 2nd council

conservative group who didn't want changes - 40%

Mahasanghika - 2nd council

liberal group who accepted changes - 60%

Emporer Ashoka

304-237 BCE father was Binsudara, became king 273 until death (Kalinga Kingdom). Ashoka overhears a buddhist monk who was consoling a grieving family who wants to know more about buddhism. Head of Sangha monk Magoliputta tissa went to teach Ashoka.

Three refuges - Buddhism

I take refuge in the Buddha, in the Dharma and in the Sangha

3rd council - Buddhism

247 BC, brought together by Ashoka

where did the 3rd council take place - Buddhism

Pataliputra, Bihar, India

how many monks were at the 3rd council - Buddhism


purpose of 3rd council - Buddhism

look into the possibility of reconciling the two factions, look into the possibility of spreading buddhism outside its place of birth

spread of theravada buddhism

sri lanka, burma, thailand, cambodia, laos, southern vietnam

5 themes of meditation (buddhism)

metta bhavana, karvna, mudita, ahubha, uppeka

metta bhavana (buddhism)

theme of meditation meaning friendliness

karvna (buddhism)

theme of meditation meaning spiritual needs compassion. monks should be in this world but not get attached

Mudita (Buddhism)

theme of meditation meaning joy

Ahubha (buddhism)

theme of meditation meaning impurities

Upekka (buddhism)

theme of meditation meaning serenity

Uposatha meetings (buddhism)

full moon day, new moon day, 8th day after full and new moon

Vassa retreats (buddhism)

7 years or 15 years.
Samanera (novice)
Upasampada (High ordination)
Bhikku (monk)
Bhikkuni (Nuns)

Attha Pirikara 8 possessions that the monks own (buddhism)

alms bowl, 2 robes, razor, needle and thread, water strainer, fan, belt

three marks of existence

(Tri Lakshana)
1. Dukkha
2. Anicca
3. Anatta

Dukkha (Buddhism)

one of the three marks of existence meaning pain and suffering

Anicca (buddhism)

one of the three marks of existence meaning impermanence, ethical outcome

Annatta (buddhism)

one of the three marks of existence meaning essencelessness, metaphysical outcome

12 fold wheel of causality

1. suffering
2. life
3. desire
4. attachment
5. craving
6. phenomenon of sense experience
7. sense object contact
8. six senses 6th being the mind
9. mind body complex
10. consciousness
11. karmic impressions
12. primal ignorance

four noble truths

1. suffering exists
2. suffering has causes
3. suffering can be stopped
4. suffering can be ended

Noble eightfold path

Prajna - Wisdom
1. right views
2. right resolve
Sila - morality
3. right speech
4. right conduct
5. right livelihood
6. right effort
Samadhi - concentration
7. right mindfulness
8. right concentration

Emperor Kanishka (buddhism)

a Hun of the Kushan tribe, 78-103 CE

three types of karma

verbal, physical, mental

year of the 4th council

100 CE

place of the 4th council

Jalandhara, Punjab India

how many monks in the 4th council


purpose of the 4th council

1. codify the Mahasonghika interpretation
2. spreading buddhism to china
succeeded in both

Trikaya doctrine

the body of the buddha
eternal buddha
cosmic buddha
infinite number of Budhisatva

two levels of reality (buddhism)

for mahayana buddhists
absolute level
& relative level

Emporer Ming Di

of the Han Dynasty of China (58-75 CE)
minister Zhong Hu

Mahayana schoosl of Chinese and Japanese Buddhism

1. Nyingna-PA
2. Kagyu-PA
3. Sakya-PA
1. Geluk-PA

geluk Buddhism

yellow hat, most recent, most popular, most intellectual, sect of the Dalai Lama

Sigha Nikaya (buddhism)

long sermon

Majjhima (buddhism)

medium length sermons

sam yutta (buddhism)

connected sermons

anguttara (buddhism)

graded in length

khuddaka (buddhism)

shorter sermons

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