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19 terms

Chapter 4

STUDY
PLAY
Give 3 examples of the Agents of Socialization
the persons, groups, or institutions that teach us what we need to know in order to participate in society Peer group: a group of people who are linked by common interest equal social position, and similar in age Mass media: large scale organizations that use print or electronic means such as radio, TV film and internet to communicate with large numbers of people conscious Ex:Family/class Neighborhood Religion Daycare School and peer groups Sports
What are the stages in the development of self (attribute the correct stages to the scholar who developed them)
Piaget: Sensor motor stage (birth to age 2)- children understand the world through sensory contact and immediate action Concrete operational stage 7-11 children think of tangible object sand events Formal operational sage 12 and up adolescent begin to think of the future and evaluate different courses of action
Id
(self gratification)component of personality that includes all of the individuals basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification
Ego
(balance between id and social demands)- the part of self the representing reason and common sense
Super Ego
( culture within us) Sig Freud's term for the conscience, consisting of moral and ethical aspects of personality
Self Concept
he totality of our beliefs and feelings of ourselves
Self
what we imagine we are its is not only an interior bundle of drive instincts and motives The meaning assigned to something including one's identity s constantly reconstructed as we act within our social environments
Significant others
significant people in their environment they are those close to them
Social learning theory
considers the formation of identity to be learned response to external social stimuli
Psychoanalytic theory
Id( self gratification)component of personality that includes all of the individuals basic biological drives and needs that demand immediate gratification Ego (balance between id and social demands) Superego( culture within us) - Sig Freud's term for the conscience, consisting of moral and ethical aspects of personality Male normal Female inferior
Game stage
Takes on multiple roles Develops comprehensive view of self The child also understand how people are related to each other and how others are related to him or her
Generalized other
George Herbert Meads term for the child's awareness and expectations of the society as a whole or the child subculture
Peers
a group of people who are linked by common interest equal social position, and similar in age
Role
the behavior that others expect from a person associated with a particular status Behaviors, obligations and privileges attached to status
Taking the role of the other
the process which a person mentally assumes the role of another person in orders to understand the world for that person point of view.
Learning Theory
considers the formation of identity to be learned response to external social stimuli Developed by Swiss psychologist Jean Piaget Emphasizes the societal context to socialization scheduled Identity is regarded as the result of modeling
Identity
how one defines oneself
Age prejudice
prejudice and discrimination against people on the basis of age, particularly against old people
Socialization
the process which people learn the expectations of society