Nature of Science

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Terms in this set (...)

conclusion
a summary of the results of the experiment and a statement of how the results relate to the hypothesis
control variable
A variable that is kept the same during a controlled experiment.
experiment
an organized procedure to study something under controlled conditions; one way of testing a hypothesis
hypothesis
a testable idea or explanation that can be used to design and implement an investigation. (if/ then statement)
inference
explanation based on prior knowledge
invalid
not supported by facts, not true
valid
founded on fact or evidence; true
observation
use of one or more of the senses to gather information
variable
any factor that can change in an experiment
empirical evidence
all the measurements and data scientists gather in support of a scientific explanation
independent variable
factor that is deliberately adjusted in an investigation
dependent variable
factor that changes as a result of adjusting the independent variable; usually what is measured
trial
number of times an experiment is conducted