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My FTCE English 6-12 Lit
Work in progress
Terms in this set (180)
Emotional response of the reader.
What lies between the short story and the novel in terms of length and scope.
Post-Civil War to the Present; Roots
Post-Civil War and Reconstruction; A Hero Ain't Nothin' But a Sandwich- 1st african american playwright on broadway
Feminist/ Women in the US; The Color Purple
a story with a symbolic meaning used to teach a moral story; an expressive style that uses fictional characters and events to describe some subject by suggestive resemblances
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse
Over the cobbles he clattered and clashed in the dark inn yard. Is an example of?
short reference to a person ,event or another work of literature--clarifies a point
a vague or uncertain statemnt; it could have more than one meaning or intent
an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others, drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; a comparison between 2 things to show similarites between them
Metaphysical Poetry, poet and satirist,
an interesting event told to draw the reader into the reading
a preceding occurrence or cause or event
Balanced writing about conflicting ideas, usually expressed in sentence form. ex "expanding from the center," "shedding old habits," and "searching never finding."; the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance
a short, catchy saying which expresses an imprtant truth or lesson, ex. If you always do what you always did, you will always get what you always got."
Whatever is begun in anger ends in shame. Is an example of?
O grave, where is thy victory? Is an example of?
a figure of speech in which someone absent or dead or something nonhuman is addressed as if it were alive and present and was able to reply; address to an absent or imaginary person
Occurs when the vowel sound within a word matches the same sound in a nearby word, but the surrounding consonant sounds are the same. ex "tune" and "food"; repetition of similar vowel sounds in a line of poetry
insincere or overly sentimental quality of writing/speech intended to evoke pity
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter); Poetry written in iambic pentameter but unrhymed. Shakespeare and Milton.
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
a purification or purgation that brings about spiritual renewal or release from tension
person in a literary work
ways an author develop the personalities of the characters
in a drama, one or more characters who comment on actions
(grammar) an expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence
She's as busy as a bee. Is an example of?
arrangement of clauses in ascending order of forcefulness
characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation; everyday language we use in conversation--Mark Twain
a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects; ex John Donne metephysical poetry, he compares a flea bite to the act of love.
type of modern poetry in which poets speak with openness and frankness about their lives
struggle that the protagonist of a story or drama undergoes
the implied or associative meaning of a word; The ripple effect surrounding the implications and associations of a given word.
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
Harlem Renaissance, wrote "Any Human to Another," "Color," and "The Ballad of the Brown Girl;" American Romantic poet.
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme
the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color
the resolution of a story as confict is resolves and the know of the plot is untied
the way of speaking and writing that is particular to a specific region of the country
choice of words to fit the character,theme, setting or subject; refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness
from the Greek, literally means teaching.""
writer states a character's personality "he was a man without imagination"
Feminist/ Women in the US; Ethan Frome, The Age of Innocence
British Romantic, English statesman famous for his oratory, wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France
a mournful poem
End stopped line
a line of poetry that ends with a pause both in punctuation and in thought
a long narrative poem that traces the adventures of a hero
a meaningful quote at the beginning of a book or chapter
a moment of sudden revelation or insight
Post-Civil War and Reconstruction; The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman, A Lesson Before Dying
Feminist/ Women in the US; The Worn Path
a mild, indirect, or vague term substituting for a harsh, blunt, or offensive term; ex death as passed away.
He passed away during the night. Is an example of?
background information vital to the reader's understanding of a story --usually at the beginning
a metaphor developed at great length, ocurring frequently in or throughout a work
a tale, usually ending with a moral, in which animals behave like human beings, Greek: Aesop; French: LaFontaine
funny Medieval tale in France in an eight-syllable couplet
an interruption in a narrative to show an event hat happened earlier
built around a single trait stereotype or stock (noble hero, fiendish villian)
method of increasing suspense by presenting events or characters in such a way as to hint at what is going to happen to them
Post-Civil War and Reconstruction; Durango Street- good for teens
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
Gabriel Garcia Marquez
Latino/ Latina Writers; One Hundred Years of Solitude
Latino/ Latina Writers; Tale of Sunlight
Metaphysical, Poems have been characterized by a deep religious devotion, linguistic precision, metrical agility, and ingenious use of conceit. wrote "A Priest to the Temple"
a tragic flaw
Henry David Thoreau
Transcendentalist, poet and essayist wrote "Civil-Disobedience" On Walden Pond
literally "sermon", or any serious talk, speech, or lecture providing moral or spiritual advice
Afro-American Literature; Freedom Road, Spartacus
exaggerated pride or self-confidence
I told you a hundred times I'm not going to the game. Is an example of?
Exaggeration for a specific effect.
a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience
writer reveals personality through physical description, actions, thoughts, speech, perceptions-- most often the reader must infer these traits
when the rhyme occurs within a line "of the bold Americans, who scorn to be controlled"
an emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language
the reversal of the normal order of words; An atypical sentence order to create a given effect or interest. ex. Emily Dickinson- "Yet know I how the heather looks"
incongruity between what might be expected and what actually occurs
Post-Civil War to the Present; Go Tell It on the Mountain- autobiography life in harlem
Afro-American Literature; Black Music in America: A History Through Its People, The Cotton Club, Mr. Bojangles
Seventeenth Century; The Pilgrim's Progress- describes virtues and vices
Metaphysical, English clergyman and metaphysical poet celebrated as a preacher (1572-1631) Seventeenth Century; Meditations "ask not for whom the bell tolls" and "No man is an island unto himself."
Feminist/ Women in the US; The Story of an Hour, The Awakening
A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in "ring-giver" for king and "whale-road" for ocean.
Harlem Renaissance, A leading poet of the Harlem Renaissance. He wrote "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" and "My People"
Leslie Marmon Silko
Latino/ Latina Writers; Garden in the Dunes
British Romantic, wrote "Don Juan," the romantic hero
Lorna Dee Cerbantes
Latino/ Latina Writers; The First Quartet. Life on Bird Ave. illiteration.
Post-Civil War to the Present; A Raisin in the Sun
A verbal blunder in which one word is replaced by another similar in sound but different in meaning. ex "pinnacle of perfection," she uses "the pineapple of perfection."
Afro-American Literature, feminist, essayist, editor for The Dial.
Mary McLeod Bethune
Afro-American Literature; Voice of Black Hope
British Romantics/ Feminist; Vindication on the Rights of Woman
Post-Civil War to the Present; I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings, And Still I Rise
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity
The road was a ribbon of moonlight. Is an example of?
The work of poets, particularly those of the seventeenth century, that uses elaborate conceits, is highly intellectual, and expresses the complexities of love and life; is concerned with the whole experience of man and the profound areas of experience- love, romantic and sensual, man's relationship with God- the eternal perspective; John Donne
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'suits' for business people and 'hit the books' for go study)
All taxes go to support the crown. Is an example of?
a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work; ex. Romeo and Juliet represent the ill-fated young lovers' motif
a poem that tells a story
eight iambic lines, usually iambic pentameters. Each stanza consists of three alternate rhymes and one double rhyme, following the a-b-a-b-a-b-c-c pattern; ex Lord Byrons' Don Juan
an 8 line poem or stanza
natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words (eg buzz, hiss)
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
from the Greek for "pointedly foolish," the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest a paradox, ex. a "mournful optimist." Is an example of?
Latino/ Latina Writers; Nobel Prize winner for collections of Poetry
I'm so happy about my promotion I could cry. Is an example of?
a statement that appears to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
You have to spend money to make money. Is an example of?
phrases or sentences of a similar construction/meaning placed side by side, balancing each other
exaggerates the language and tone of a well-known work for humorous effect
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for book learning and formal rules: a pedantic attention to details
a sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end
the attribution of human nature or character to animals, inanimate objects, or abstract notions, especially as a rhetorical figure
The sun smiled on all of us that day. Is an example of?
The tree stood straight and strong like an old warrior. Is an example of?
Afro-American Literature; Memoirs and Poems 1st published afro-american woman
series of events from beginning to end exposition, narrative hook, rising actoin, climax, falling actions, resolution/denouement
point of view
the relationship of the storyteller or narrator to the story
one type of subject complement, an adjective, group of adjectives, or adjective clause that follows a linking verb
another type of subject complement, a noun, group of nouns, or noun clause that renames the subject
a stanza or poem with four lines
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Transcendentalist, American poet, essayist, philosopher, wrote "Self-Reliance"
disproof of an argument
Disguised as a question with the intent to persuade or complain.
the use of similar or identical sounds in accented syllables of two or more words
the pattern of end rhymes in a poem
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a poem
Post-Civil War to the Present; White Man Listen! and Native Son
possesses a variety of traits, well developed
a line which has no natural speech pause at its end, allowing the sense to flow uninterruptedly into the succeeding line
Samuel Taylor Coleridge
British Romantic, wrote lyrical ballads with Wordsworth, famous poem "The Watchman"
Latino/ Latina Writers; The House on Mango Street
relies on humor to criticize politics, religion, or society
analysis of verse into metrical patterns; the two-part analysis of a poetic line. count number of syllables per line, divide the line into metric feet, name the meter by the type and number of feet.
the branch of linguistics which studies the meaning of words, their historical and psychological development (etymology), their connotations, and their relation to one another
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds with a qualifier (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')
The room was as gloomy as a November Day. Is an example of what stylistic device?
Sir Edmund Spenser
Renaissance/ Elizabethan Periods; invented the Spenserian sonnet a variation on the Italian Sonnet= the Faerie Queene
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, imperfect rhyme, or partial rhyme
a (usually long) dramatic speech intended to give the illusion of unspoken reflections
a lyric poem of 14 lines written in iambic pentameter
Invented by Sir Edmund Spenser for use in The Faerie Queen" and epic poem. Each stanza consists of nine lines, eight in iambic parameter. The ninth line, called an alexandrine, has two extra syllables or one additional foot"; rhyme pattern abab bcbc c
rhythm consisting of variable meter, which combines stressed and unstressed syllables fashioned by the author.
Stream of Consciousness
A style of wriitng which reflects the mental processes of the characters expressing, at times, jumbled memories, feelings, and dreams. ex James Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and William Faulkner.
the word or clause that follows a linking verb and complements, or completes, the subject of the sentence by either renaming it or describing it
contains a subject and verb (like all clauses) but cannot stand alone; does not express complete thought
from the Greek for "reckoning together," a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises (first "major," second "minor") that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion (eg All men are mortal, Socrates is a man, Socrates is mortal)
a person, place or thing that has meaning in itself and also stands for something other than itself
the practice of investing things with symbolic meaning
substituting a more inclusive term for a less inclusive one or vice versa; containers, materials
ex., "hired hands" for "workmen"; He drank the "bottle."
A figure of speech. ex. Many hands on deck. Is an example of?
the way an author chooses to join words into phrases, clauses, and sentences
A series of poetic stanzas that use the recurrent rhyme scheme of aba, bcb, cdc, ded, etc. ex The second generation Romantic Poets- Keats, Byron, Shelley, and Yeats.
Thomas De Quincey
British Romantic, English writer who described the psychological effects of addiction to opium, wrote Confessions of an English Opium Eater
British Romantic/ American Revolutionary leader and pamphleteer (born in England) who supported the American colonist's fight for independence and supported the French Revolution (1737-1809)
the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author
Feminist/ Women in the US; Beloved, Jazz, and Song of Solomon
asserted the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends empirical and scientific and knowable through intuition
Not bad! Meaning a job well done. Is an example of?
Feminist/ Women in the US; My Antonia, Death Comes for the Archbishop
Post-Civil War and Reconstruction; Sounder
British Romantic poet whose work included theme love of nature, wrote the world is much with us, i wondered lonely as a cloud.
intellectually amusing language that surprises and delights
Zora Neale Hurston
Harlem Renaissance, Feminist/ Woman, wrote Their Eyes Were Watching God; 20th century folklorist
Prague-born, German, novels and short stories, existentialism, Kafka-esque= surreal
Oral tradition, Feature people as main characters, often featuring feats of strength, i.e. Paul Bunyan, Pecos Bill
Explain natural phenomena, answer questions regarding human condition, life, death, origin and creation
Grounded in reality, but not necessarily true, with miraculous or incredible features, i.e. Robin Hood
Letters, journals, diaries.. Tell a story and deliver a message.
Mocks a general genre rather than a specific work of art
a genre where magic elements are a natural part in an otherwise mundane, realistic environment
Use this to denote a short story, book chapter, T.V. program, poem, article, report, or song
Underline or Italicized
Use this to denote a novel, a movie. a collection of poems, a musical, a play, magazine or newspaper, a long musical composition, the name of a ship, plane, train, etc.
Rules for punctuation in Quotes
Exclamation points, dashes, and question marks go inside only if they are part of the quote. Commas and periods always go inside at the end of a quote.