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ECY 300 chapter 13, chapter 14 ECY 300
Terms in this set (48)
Visual impairment is a term that describes people who cannot see well even with correction
The term low incidence generally refers to a disability that occurs infrequently.
Visual impairment includes both partial sight and blindness.
Assistive technology is the same as augmentative communication
Visual acuityis the ability to visually perceive details
Children with the loss of both vision and hearing receive services under the label deaf-blind.
Field loss is the restriction of the visual field.
Students with "other health impairments" have alertness to the educational environment because of health problems that limit strength, vitality, or alertness.
Legally blind is defined as a visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the better eye with correction or a visual field that is no greater than 20 degrees.
Chronic means persisting over a long period of time, and deadly.
The 200 in the definition of legally blind defines the distance a person with normal vision would be able to identify a symbol on an eye chart.
Acute means having a short and usually severe disorder.
Astigmatism occurs when one or more surfaces of the cornea are cylindrical, resulting in distorted vision.
Physical and health disabilities vary widely in reported prevalence figures, depending on the specific condition.
Visual impairment is one of the least prevalent disabilities in America.
A person's intellectual ability can be determined by their physical appearance.
A child who is legally blind will always travel with a cane and will read and write with magnification.
Multiple disabilities and traumatic brain injury can occur without a physical disability being present
Many students with visual impairments have the same educational goals as other pupils and can often be successfully included in the general education classroom.
Neuromotor impairments often result in complex motor problems that can affect loss of urinary control, and loss of proper alignment of the spine.
Light enters the eye first through the clear _________and then through the circular opening in the _________ called the _________.
Cornea, iris, pupil
The term low-incidence disabilities can include:
Physical disabilities and traumatic brain injury
heath disabilities and deaf/blind
ALL OF THE ABOVE
The orbit is surrounded by ___________________that protect the eye and enable it to turn easily.
layers of soft fatty tissue
According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (PL 108-446), students with physical impairments may qualify for special education services under three possible categories:
Orthopedic impairments, multiple disabilities, and traumatic brain injury
A mucous membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the front part of the eyeball is called the:
Some of the most common etiologies resulting in physical and health disabilities are
Prematurity, complications of pregnancy and chromosomal defeats
The most common visual impairments affecting school-age children include:
All of the above
Examples of health impairments include:
Asthma, heart conditions, aids, diabetes
The training of the use of residual vision is known as:
The key for assessment of children who are deaf-blind is to conduct:
multiple assessments over both time and contex
Children who are photophobic ______________.
may require sunglasses
Variable categories affecting school performance for students with physical or health disability can be divided into three major areas these include all except:
Type of disability, functional effects, psychosocial, and environmental factors
Early detection of visual imperfections should include:
Major areas that can affect school performance for children with physical and health disabilities would include:
Motivation, self concept, technology, self advocacy , behavior issues, emotional functioning, social environment and social competence
Behavioral characteristics in visual function problems include all except:
How well students are able to advocate for themselves can affect their:
____________ refer to sensory channels and is based on the student's preferred method of reading and writing—print, Braille, or a combination of both.
Some students may have feelings of __________________________ over their disability
depression, anger, hopelessness
Educational assessments must be modified for accessibility of the visually impaired either with ______________________or __________________________________.
larger print or oral presentation
Meeting the educational needs of students with physical or health disabilities requires several types of modifications which include
Both A and B
A student with a visual disorder may not be eligible for or need specialized services if:
The disorder has no adverse effect on the students learning
Placing students in inappropriate curriculums or teaching them less than they are capable of learning may be due to___________, defined as the overgeneralization of a disability into unrelated areas, often resulting in stereotyping.
Approximately one out of ten pupils with visual impairments are assigned to:
Reliable means of response is defined as:
a consistent way for the student to answer questions
Instructional goals for most students with visual impairment include:
Both a and b
Physical disabilities, health disabilities, and related low incidence disabilities occur in students from:
all backgrounds, cultures, and economic levels
Sources of family stress include:
ALL of the Above
Through the help of ___________planning, legislation, technological advances, and options for support, more opportunities now exist for individuals with physical and health disabilities than ever before.
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