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Final Exam Reading Historically
Terms in this set (199)
a story, poem, or picture that can be interpreted to reveal a hidden meaning, typically a moral or political one.
These are humorous interludes in a genre of entertainment that displayed masked dances that were often presented at English and Italian festivals and pageants during the Renaissance period. The content is often lighthearted and strange, in contrast to the more serious themes of the main part of the entertainment, and the music that accompanies these interludes is usually at a fast tempo.
in folklore, a child who is secretly substituted for another one by fairies
A self-governing territory associated with another country
the belief that the natural, the simple, the spontaneous and free is superior to the artificial, the sophisticated, the consciously crafted and controlled.
the practice of judging a culture by its own standards
disintegration; looseness in morals
English Civil War
civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
A long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
Half man half goat
Great Chain of Being
a system in which species were positioned in a system of hierarchy of complexity or "perfection"
a predatory person or nagging woman; from harpy, a foul creature that was part woman, part bird
Harrowing of Hell
Christ's descent into hell to free the just souls and take them to heaven
A Renaissance intellectual movement in which thinkers studied classical texts and focused on human potential and achievements
someone who always jokes or acts playfully
the relationship between texts, especially literary ones.
a form of amateur dramatic entertainment, popular among the nobility in 16th- and 17th-century England, which consisted of dancing and acting performed by masked players.
(n.) monstrosity, misshapen creature, monster. or foolish person
a representative of primitive humankind as idealized in Romantic literature, symbolizing the innate goodness of humanity when free from the corrupting influence of civilization.
a wild disorder, noise, or confusion
the people who supported the English Parliament during the English Civil War
deals with issues that remain after decolonization or reckons with the effects of colonialism
A religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches.
"rebirth"; following the Middle Ages, a movement that centered on the revival of interest in the classical learning of Greece and Rome
in general, a story in which an idealized hero or heroine undertakes a quest and is successful.
supporters of the king during the English Civil War
wearing armor to identify him as a Roman soldier; associated with soldiers and the Crusades; often portrayed on a white horse, slaying a dragon
a Crusades-era Muslim used as a target in joust practice. Muslim warrior during crusades
a creature that is half-man, half beast, with the horns and legs of a goat
Scale of Nature
Aristotle's hierarchical ordering of living organisms. From simple to complex
Highest male voice
the aim of creating the perfect society
something that carries a message
Deriving from the Greek word meaning "to mean otherwise," this word applies to a type of extended metaphor with multiple layers of signification or meaning
This form of court entertainment features a combination of drama, music, song, dance, and costuming.
This is the name given to the city built by the fallen angels in Paradise Lost and has since entered into the English lexicon.
The epoch-leaping genre of ____ is generally characterized by heroes, harrowing battles, and high stakes.
Adam and Eve
In Oroonoko, the inhabitants of Suriname are similar to ____ and ____ paradise.
God to Man
Milton's stated aim in the opening of Paradise Lost is to "justify the ways of _____ to _____."
In The Faerie Queene, the character _____ reveals Redcrosse Knight's true identity.
The English Civil War(s)
The two sides in this series of conflicts were the Royalists and the Parliamentarians.
Spenser dedicates The Faerie Queene to this Tudor ruler.
One aspect of this early modern intellectual movement is stressed the importance of studying classical (especially Roman) literature and philosophical treatises as guides to moral and practical conduct.
The first part of Oroonoko is set in this historical place, found in what is now Ghana.
In The Tempest, the speech of the character Gonzalo alludes to an essay by Michel de Montaigne about indigenous peoples in Brazil known for this practice.
Prospero and Miranda have been stuck on their island home for this many years.
In The Faerie Queene, this character rides in a coach led by six courtiers representing the deadly sins.
The number of books in The Faerie Queene (at least hypothetically) and Paradise Lost.
Sansjoy, Sansloy, and Sansfoy
In a short story by Saladin Ahmed, the real names of this trio of characters are revealed to be Abdul, Abdullah, and Abdul Wadud.
Some readers interpret
Oroonoko's violent death as
an allusion to the death of this
Stuart ruler who was executed
in 1649 for treason.
Scale of Nature (Great Chain of Being)
The accompanying image depicts this conceptual representation of the order of the universe.
What is Oroonoko's relationship to the King of Coramantien? Oroonoko is the king's
tall and well-shaped, with a Roman nose and ebony skin OO
Which of the following characteristics accurately describes Oronooko's physical appearance?
the chance of war, or losing nobly in a battle OO
Which of the following conditions, according to Caesar / Oroonoko, would justify one's enslavement?
a woman and a purported eyewitness of the events described OO
The narrator of Oroonoko is
The English enjoy a friendly trade relationship with the Indians. OO
What is the relationship of the English settlers with the indigenous people (the narrator calls them "Indians") of Surinam?
The narrator calls it a country, but Coramantien is, more precisely, the name of a British fortress and slave market in the area of Africa now known as
after her father's death, he brings her slaves as a token of the dead general's victory OO
On what occasion does Oroonoko first meet Imoinda?
-Oroonoko has such a firm sense of honor that he would never break his own word, and thus he does not anticipate the captain doing so.
-Oronooko has trafficked in slaves with the captain previously and believes that the captain does not see him as a slave.
-The captain has a courtly manner and refined conversation.
-The captain treats him splendidly, entertaining him with music and wine. OO
Why does Oronooko trust the ship's captain who takes him captive?
to escape slavery, found a new colony, and seize a ship to return them to their native countries OO
What plan does Oroonoko propose to the rebel slaves?
to give proof of Oronooko's daring and curiosity OO
In the middle of the story, the narrator digresses from the central tale of Oroonoko's revolt, and tells of various expeditions taken in company with Oroonoko. What is the purpose of these digressions, according to the narrator?
Oroonoko cuts Imoinda's throat OO
How does Imoinda die?
He is cut to pieces slowly by the executioner. OO
How does Oronooko die?
Saint George, patron saint of England FQ
Redcross is otherwise known as
of the emblem on his shield and breastplate FQ
Redcross is called this because
christians fighting for the true faith (aka Una) FQ
the sword of truth/ the gospel of christ FQ
Redcross's sword represents
Una asks him to plunder Duessa rather than kill her so that god can take his own revenge FQ
how is Redcross's sword revealed as benign?
Redcross's platonic courtly lover is
the church FQ
Una represents this
she protects his spiritual welfare (just as church would) FQ
Una does what for Redcross throughout the novel
ancient monarchs of east and west (she is undivided) FQ
Who does Una descend from?
Una is "married" to whom?
Duessa, meaning two-faced FQ
What is Fidessa's real name?
Faithfulness, as a ruse/diguise FQ
What does Fidessa's name refer to and why?
The Western Church only FQ
Who does Duessa descend from?
the apostate, which has forsaken christ and used false religion FQ
Which church does Duessa represent?
she leads others astray (especially through sexual means) in order to send them to hell as a nonbeliever FQ
What does Duessa do?
secular government and it's 7 headed dragon. She is made naked FQ
Who does Duessa work with and how is she revealed?
hideous and disfigured with scabs, poison and animalistic attributes FQ
How does Duessa look when naked?
A white ass a donkeyIt represents Una's status as a humble servant. it is patient and non-aggressive FQ
What does Una ride on and what does it represent?
Christ, always with the church/Una FQ
What does the lamb represent?
Queen Elizabeth I FQ
Who is Gloriana?
"Greatest Lady of the Greatest Isle" FQ
What does Spenser call Queen Elizabeth I/Gloriana?
She sends him on his mission FQ
What significance does Gloriana have to Redcross?
(human) reason FQ
What does the dwarf represent?
he counsels Redcross, however he is often misguided. He is meant to reaffirm that which Una says. He can be found in the back, lagging behind due to his insignificance, especially in comparison to Una FQ
What does the dwarf do and where can he often be found?
Theological error FQ
What does the (single-headed) dragon represent?
The fact that error breeds more error FQ
What did Error's children represent?
the bones of misguided men and anti-protestantism reformation propaganda books FQ
What does Error vomit?
At first he fought with his virtue, then he added faith (at the counsel of Una) FQ
Why did Redcross almost fail, and how did he overcome it?
Arch Magician (because of the superstision of Catholicism) or Image (because of Catholic use of idols) FQ
What does Archimago's name mean?
his monk's clothing, prayer book, and refusal to say an Ave Maria FQ
What points to Archimago's catholicism?
using false dreams, a false Una, and a false knight FQ
How does Archimago try to seperate Redcross from Una, and thus faith from the church?
From doubt FQ
What does Fradubio's name mean?
What does Fraelissa's name mean?
They were once human, but are now trees FQ
What are Fradubio and Fraelissa?
they were misguided by Duessa because of their weakness of faith FQ
How was a spell put on Fradubio and Fraelissa?
with the water from the well of life, which represents either Christ or baptism FQ
How can Fradubio and Fraelissa's spell be broken?
Pride, the chief of the 7 deadly sins. It comes from it's the feminine form of Lucifer, her father (aka the devil) FQ
Lucifera is the proper name for what and where does it come from?
A mirror FQ
What is Lucifera's symbol?
good secular leadership who defends faith FQ
What does King Arthur represent in a broad sense?
typical protestant english monarchs called "Defender of Faith" FQ
Who does King Arthur represent specifically?
Who is King Arthur's antithesis?
evil government who wish to destroy the church FQ
What does Orgoglio represent?
he's giant, representing great power and numbers FQ
What does Orgoglio look like?
Ignorance. his head is on backwards, so he can never know where he is going he can only see the mistakes of his past FQ
What does Ignario's name mean? What does he look like?
he is Orgoglio's prison guard. he represents blind, ignorant followers of evil government FQ
What is Ignario's job and who does he represent?
Of what faith is Sansfoy?
Who is Redcross's antithesis?
Who is Sanfoys lover?
Sans Loy (without law) & Sans Joy (without joy) FQ
Who are SansFoy's brothers?
Without faith, without law, without joy. FQ
What do the Sans brothers' names mean?
The God of sleep FQ
Who is Morpheus?
The false Una offers a kiss FQ
What happens when Redcross wakes up after his false dream?
The false Una in bed with a false knight FQ
What shocking thing did Archimago show Redcross?
his shield FQ
What of Redcross does Sans Foy fixate on?
The branches bled and they spoke FQ
How does Redcross learn that the trees were people?
To avenge his brother, Sans Foy FQ
Why does Sans Joy challenge Redcross to a duel?
the other deadly sins: idleness, gluttony, lechery, avarice, Envy, and Wrath FQ
Who are Lucifera's counselors?
rides an ass, clothed like a monk, sleepy FQ
deformed, rides a pig, fat, vomiting what he just ate, wears vines because clothes are too hot, ivy garland, sweating, drunk FQ
rides a bearded goat which resembled him, ugly but still gets laid, wears a green gown, holds a burning heart FQ
rides a camel carrying gold, holds coins, stingy- wears disheveled clothes and is thin FQ
rides a wolf with a poisonous toad in its mouth, becomes happy at other's loss, snake in his chest, detests good deeds because they're really for self gain FQ
rides a lion, holds a dagger, sparkling angry eyes, wears bloodstained rags, can't control his own hands, after going into a rage he'd repent but then he'd do it again FQ
a 7-headed dragon FQ
On what does Duessa ride?
the results of Adam and Eves disobedience PL
What does the title of paradise lost refer to?
to justify the ways of God to men PL
What is the theme/purpose of Milton's work?
the spirit that helped God create paradise PL
What is Milton's muse for his inspiration?
Satan's war with God PL
The beginning of the poem, Paradise Lost, takes place after what war?
Whats the setting of the Paradise Lost?
Who is floating along with Satan in the Fiery lake?
The Lord of flies PL
What does Beelzebub mean?
they need to create their own kingdom. they should corrupt gods new creation and creature. PL
Whats the plan that Satan has against God?
that God will make him and the rest of the fallen angels slaves PL
What is Beelzebub worried about if they continue their fight against God?
the land or island that is on fire PL
Where does satan direct Beelzebub to have a comfortable conversation?
an island, titans, a giant sea beast from back in the day PL
What does satan look like as he floats on water?
Who is in charge of carrying satan's imperial ensign to battle?
Homer and greek things that went on during the writing of the book PL
Who/What does Milton use to give us a visual aide?
He is full of pride PL
What is Satan's first emotional reaction to seeing this huge show of support and obedience from the fallen angels?
All over from the first battle with God PL
Where does satan have scars on his body? and why?
He feels bad for his men (resourceful) PL
What is Satan's second emotional reaction after seeing his men and their loyalty?
He keeps crying PL
Satan tries to give a speech to his men 3 times, but he gets interrupted each time because of what?
Who does Satan blame for tempting them into rebelling? (this is one of the times that Satan has flaws in his arguments)
they raise their swords and bang them on their armor because they want to go to war with god PL
What do the fallen angels do to show that the have support for Satan and hate want to disobey God?
Gold. They find it in the volcano PL
What building material does Mammon suggest the demons should use to build a new city in hell? Where do they find or extract this material?
Who is the demonic architect that designs the walls, towers, battlements, and gates of hell?
they shrink down into dwarfs and Milton compares them to bees in a hive PL
At the end of book 1, what do the demons do to their bodies in order to fit inside the buildings and meeting places they have built?
he lets the fallen angels have free will, freedom to fall, make their own choices PL
Milton wants to "justify the ways of God to men" How does Milton show the justice of God?
he embraces his free will. he thinks god should not have his power, he thinks that he takes advantage of his power. PL
What does Satan think about his free will and God's power and control?
Because he gave them free will. PL
Why did God allow Satan to rebel against him and allow Adam and Eve to do the same?
Satan's closest friend PL
Who is Beelzebub?
an archangel whom God sends to warn Adam about Satan PL
Who is Raphael?
an archangel who fought for God in war; his duty is to remove Adam and Eve from Paradise PL
Who is Michael
Satan plans to corrupt God's new creation, mankind PL
Whats the major conflict in Paradise Lost?
through adam and eve PL
How does Milton portray an individual's free will and God's will in Paradise Lost?
Who is the demonic architect who designs the walls, towers, battlements, and gates of hell?
Which angel represents lust and violence?
Which angel represents riches and materialism?
Which angel is the God of human sacrifice?
romance. magic. TT
The Tempest is considered to be a ___. with elements of ___.
it is set on a Mediterranean island TT
The tempest is a response to New World Exploration because
Rightful duke of milan and the governor of the mysterious island
her father and caliban TT
Miranda has never seen anyone besides
The duke of milan and prospero's brother
King of Naples
Son of Alonzo
The only honest man in the tempest
A drunk and a jester who add comic relief TT
Stephano and Trinculo
prospero's servant who is technically the rightful king of the island
he is the son of a witch who ruled there before prospero TT
Caliban is the rightful king of the island because
good spirit who wants to help the colonizers TT
Ariel is a
regain his throne as Duke of Milan TT
Prospero's underlying goal
naples and milan have sinned TT
political side to the tempest
through marriage TT
how will kingdoms in the tempest be united again?
he would give her freedom after he does his duties TT
promise Prospero made to ariel
he is a smart ass and not cordial TT
when caliban talks back to prospero we realize that
Caliban. the island. TT
_____ orginally loved Prospero and Miranda and showed them ____
takes control of the island and enslaves caliban TT
After Caliban shows him the island, prospero
Caliban once tried to __ Miranda
chain him up because he thinks he's a "spy" TT
prospero threatens to do what to Ferdinand and why?
ferdinand gets _____ when he draws his sword at Prospero
Antonio, kingdom of naples TT
Sebastion is encouraged by ______ to take over the ____
utopia, laughs TT
Gonzalo starts to imagine ____ when he sees the island and everyone _____ at him
Gonzalo wakes up Alonzo TT
a plan to kill alonzo is ruined when
Antonio and Sebastian TT
__ want to kill Alonzo
Trinculo thinks that ____________ is a fish while Stephano thinks he is a 2headed monster
can have miranda TT
If Trinculo and Stephano overthrow Prospero they
a monster (harpie) TT
ariel transforms into
political and social reasons TT
Prospero is interested in marrying off his daughter for
a dark-skinned native. RACISM!!! TT
caliban is not a monster but instead he is
Whom does Caliban mistake for one of Prospero's spirits sent to torment him?
From which country is Alonso's ship returning when it is caught in the tempest?
12 years TT
How long have Prospero and Miranda been on their island?
What was the name of Caliban's mother?
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