Chapter Fourteen: A New Industrial Age
Twenty Vocabulary Terms for Chapter Fourteen: A New Industrial Age
Terms in this set (30)
Edwin L. Drake
Successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil in Pennsylvania
A process for making steel more efficiently, patented in 1856.
Thomas Alva Edison
American inventor of over 1,000 patents; he perfected the light bulb and established a power plant that supplied electricity to parts of New York City.
Invented the typewritter in 1867
Alexander Graham Bell
Invented the telephone in 1876 and established long-distance telephone lines across the United States.
Railroad line linking the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the United States, completed 1869
George M. Pullman
built a factory for manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars
A construction company formed in 1867 that was involved in stealing railroad money.
Munn vs. Illinois
(1877) Supreme Court case that gave government right to regulate private industry.
Interstate Commerce Act
Law granting Congress authority to regulate railroad activities
A Scottish-American industrialist who led the enormous expansion of the American steel industry in the late 19th century.
The application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies - particularly as a justification for their imperialist expansion.
John D. Rockefeller
Established the Standard Oil Company, the greatest, wisest, and meanest monopoly known in history
Sherman Antitrust Act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
founder of American Federation of Labor
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Began in 1886 with about 140,000 members; by 1917 it had 2.5 million members. It is a federation of different unions.
Eugene V. Debs
Leader of the American Railway Union
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)
It was formed in Chicago in 1905 and its members were nicknamed "Wobblies"
Mary Harris Jones
organized the United Mine Workers for better working conditions
Captains of Industry
A positive name for a wealthy industrialist that helped the economy by increase the supply of goods and creating jobs.
A group of workers joining together for higher wages and shorter work hours.
A negative term for wealthy industrialists because they often had unfair working conditions and created monoplies.
It pitted the American Railway Union (ARU) against the Pullman Company, the main railroads, and the federal government of the United States under President Grover Cleveland.
The aftermath of a bombing that took place at a labor demonstration on Tuesday May 4, 1886 in Chicago. It turned much of the public against the labor movement.
When a company has complete control over an industry.
Workers refuse to do their jobs in order to change working conditions.
Takes the job of a worker on strike.
Were able to be constructed with the improvements in the production of steel.
Inventor of the telegraph
Which group did most of the work building America's railroads?