127 terms

Maori

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Kia ora
Informal greeting, hellow, good health, thank-you, used to agree
Kia ora korua
Greetings to 2 people
Kia ora koutou
Greetings to 3 or more
Tena koe
Formal greetings to 1
You are representing all ancestors before you and all representatives after you
Tena korua
Formal greetings to 2
Tena koutou
Formal greetings to 3 or more
Morena/Ata marie
Good morning
Po marie
Good evening
Kia pai to ra!
Have a good day
Haere ra!
Goodbye (said by person staying)
E noho ra!
Goodbye (said by person leaving)
Hei konei ra!
Goodbye (said by either)
Hei kona ra!
Goodbye (when talking on the telephone)
Ka kite ano!
See you again
No hea koe?
Where are you from?
Place of origin - where your ancestors are from (marae)
No _____ ahau
I am from ___
Powhiri
A metaphor for cultural rules of engagement
Formal welcoming ceremony of the Maori conducted on the marae
The ritual of encounter
Te Wero
Establishes the nature of the relationship
Wero = challenge
Manuhiri to tangata whenua
Guests to the host
Tangata whenua to Manuhiri
Hosts to the guests
Mana
Honour, respect, integrity, control, power, esteem
Authority, control, influence, power
Manaaki
To care for, to look after, hospitality, increases our mana and the mana of people we interact with
Tiaki
To guide, to guard
Karanga
Invokes the spirits and brings the living and dead together
The ceremonial call of welcome performed by women
Tuhonohonotanga
Joining together - unity
Hongi - most respectful way to greet each other
Koha
Donation or gift
To give
Expression of appreciation and respect for the hospitality of the hosts
Tangata whenua
People of the land/hosts
Locals
Te Kore
The Great Nothing
Te Po
The Great Darkness
Te Ao Marama
The World of Light
Te Ao me Te Po
Day and night
Tane me Te Wahine
Male and female
Tapu me Te noa
Sacred and the profane
Ranginui and Papatuanuku
The two beings that emerged from the darkness (Sky Father and Earth Mother)
Tumatauenga
God of man and war
Warfare and people
The warrior son
Tawhirimatea
God of winds and storms
Winds and elements
The son who disapproved of the warrior son's actions
Tanemahuta
God of the forest
The son who achieved the separation of the primeval parents
Tangaroa
God of the ocean
Haumietiketike
God of uncultivated foods
Rongomatane
God of agriculture and peace
Cultivated foods
Ruaumoko
God of earthquakes
Utu
Revenge
Te uha
The female element
Te ira tangata
The human element
Te ira atua
The divine element
Ha
Life force/essence
Breath of life
Tihe Mauri Ora
The sneeze of the first female
Hine-ahu-one/Hine-hau-one
Female fashioned from clay
Hinetitama
The Dawn Maiden
The daughter to Tane + Hine-ahu-one
Name changed to Hinenuitepo - great ancestress of the night
Tapu
Sacred
A means of social control, restrictions
Noa
Profane/Common
Be free from restrictions
Constitutive metaphor
Frames our thinking
Heuristic metaphor
Makes us think about things a bit more than usual
Pedagogical
Clarify an idea through teaching and learning
Atua
Ancestors/gods
Whakapapa
Genealogy
Taha wairua
Spiritual aspects
Front wall
Taha kikokiko
Physical aspects
Left wall (if looking from front)
Aruhe
Fern root
Kumara
Sweet potato
Na whetu
Stars
Marama
Moon
Tamanuitera
Sun
Tatai
Lines of descent
Pakeha
Non-Maori of European origin
Pepeha
Greeting
Maori will reiterate their connections with the land through tribal aphorisms
Nga ra o mua
The past - the days before
Mua (front, past)
Nga ra kei muri
The future - the days after
Muri (back, future)
Whanau --> Hapu --> Iwi --> Waka
Families --> sub-tribes/clans --> tribes --> canoe confederations
Te ao Maori
The Maori world
Language
The life force of the Maori culture
Nga wahanga o te tinana
Parts of the body
Te taha hinengaro
Psychological health (emotional/mental)
Back wall of the house
Te taha whanau
Family health
Right wall (looking from front)
Te tapu o te tinana
The sacredness associated with the body
The head
Most tapu part of the body
Tikanga
Customary practices
Kanohi ki te hanohi
Face to face
Marae
Focal point of Maori community
Hui
Gatherings
Wharenui
Meeting house
Wharekai
Dining hall
Noa
Wharepaku
Ablutions block
Waharoa
Gate or main entrance
Waiata
Song
Te po i whiri ai nga tama a Rangi
The darkness in which the sons of Rangi debated
Wero
The challenge - to ascertain whether visitors come in peace or for war
Whaikorero
Speech-making, oratory
Formal
Tauparapara
Chant
Mihimihi
Traditional greetings - acknowledges land, wharenui, the dead, the people present, the reason for gathering
Paeke and Tauutuutu
The 2 styles that the whaikorero procedure will follow
Paeke
All tangata whenua speak first, then all manuhiri speak with the last speaker being tagata whenua
Tauutuutu/Tu mai, tu atu
The order of speakers alternate from tangata whenua to manuhiri with speakers from the tangata whenua being the first and last to speak
Hariru
Shake hands
Hakari
Meal/feast
Papatuanuku
Attitudes to land
Te whenua
Land, placenta
Turangawaewae
Place of standing/place of origin/where one's ancestral roots are
Kaitiakitanga
The responsibility of guardianship
Mauri
Life principle/life force/life essence
Mana whenua
The right to land/resources
Tuku whenua
Gifting of land
Hoko whenua
Selling of land
Wai Maori
Natural Water
Matariki
Calendar set the economic cycle for planting and harvesting
Urupa
Burial sites
Pakanga
Battle
Taniwha - kaitiaki
Mythological being - caretaker
Te Tai Ao
All things are connected
Hauora
Health/wellbeing
Ora
Healthy, alive, well
Mate
Sick, ailing, death
Tuakiri
Identity
Te taiao
Environment
Te Whare Tapa Wha
Model proposed by Durie 1994
Taha Wairua
Taha hinengaro
Taha tinana
Taha whanau
Te taiao
Karakia
Fundamental to wellness
Octopus - Waiora
The eyes of the symbolic family unit will reflect total well-being
Octopus - Hinengaro
Learning that arouses, stimulates and uplifts is important
Octopus - Whatumanawa
An understanding of emotional development in all areas
Octopus - Whanaungatanga
The principle of all working to support each other across all generations
Octopus - Taha tinana
Specific physical, material, emotional and social needs related to physical survival
Octopus - Ha a Koro ma a kui ma
Links with the heritage passed down by our forbearers
Octopus - Mauri
An appreciation of the Mauri of individuals, whanau, and every whanau within a community
Octopus - Mana ake
Awareness of heredity from forbearers
Octopus - Wairuatanga
The creator is a powerful influence and the uniqueness of being Maori is sustained through this belief
Octopus - Te whanau
The body and head represent the individual whanau unit
Te tiriti o Waitangi
The treaty of Waitangi
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