29 terms

Dividing Nation

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Frederick Douglass
publisher of abolitionist newspaper called The North Star
William Lloyd Garrison
published the abolitionist newspaper called The Liberator and worked for immediate emancipation of slaves
abolitionists
people who believed that slavery was wrong and was a violation of the principles of democracy
suffrage
The movement that helped women gain equal rights
Harriet Tubman
led hundreds of enslaved African Americans to freedom along the Underground Railroad
Isabella (Sojourner) Truth
a former enslaved African American who worked for equality and justice and was a leader of the suffrage movement
Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton
two women who were leaders in the suffrage movement
vote, education, and property
three basic rights that women were deprived of
urban
The North was an _______ society in which people held jobs in cities
agricultural
The South was an _______ society in which people lived in villages and on farms and plantations
manufacturing
The economy in the North was based on _________.
tariffs
The North favored _______ to protect factory owners and workers from foreign competition.
tariff
a tax on imports that protects factory owners and workers from foreign competition
manufactured goods
The South opposed tariffs that would cause the price of _______ ________ to increase.
Great Britain
this European nation bought a lot of cotton that was exported from the South
illegal
The South believed they had the right to declare any national law _____________.
national
The North believed that the power of the __________ government was supreme.
states
The South believed that __________ rights were the most important.
divided
The North believed that the nation was a union that could not be ________.
Missouri Compromise
Maine entered the Union as a free state and Missouri entered as a slave state
Compromise of 1850
California entered the Union as a free state and southwest territories would decide for themselves about slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act
People in each state would decide the slavery issue ("popular sovereignty")
Abraham Lincoln
elected in 1860
eleven
number of states that seceded
South
believed that states had freely joined the Union and could freely leave it
Fort Sumter
the first shots fired of the Civil War
states that seceded
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas, Tennessee
border states
Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri
West Virginia
This state was formed from western counties of Virginia that refused to secede.