30 terms

Brady Test 4

Endocrine and reproductive systems
STUDY
PLAY
Acromegaly
thickening of bones of hands, feet and face caused by HYPERsecretion of hGH during adulthood
Addison's disease
condition caused by HYPOsecretion of glucocorticoids resulting in hypoglycemia, hypotension, weight loss, and weakness
Cretinism
condition caused by HYPOsecretion of Thyroid hormones during fetal life or infancy resulting in mental retardation and stunted bone growth
Cushing's syndrome
condition caused by HYPERsecretion of cortisol by the adrenal cortex resulting in breakdown of muscle protein and redistribution of body fat
Diabetes insipidus
disorder caused by HYPOsecretion of ADH
Diabetes mellitus
condition characterized by high blood glucose levels
Exophtalmos
edema behind the eyes which causes eyes to protrude
Goiter
enlarged thyroid gland
Graves disease
most common form of HYPERthyroidism. (Occurs 10 times more often in females than males, and usually before 40 years of age)
Gynecomastia
Excessive (benign) growth of the male mammary glands
Myxedema
swelling caused by HYPOthyroidism
Seasonal affective disorder
Mood dysfunction related to MELATONIN, usually in winter, and resulting in depression, sleepiness and irritability.
Amenorrhea
absence or decreased menstral flow
Breast cancer
malignant neoplasm of the mammary gland
Cervical cancer
malignant neoplasm of the cervix of the uterus
Chlamydia
most common STD in the U.S. (caused by an intracellular bacteria) an may result in sterility
Circumcision
removal of the male prepuce
Cryptorchidism
failure of oneor both testes to descend
Endometriosis
ectopic endometrium located in various sites throughout the pelvis or in the abdominal wall
Erectile dysfunction
inability of a male to achieve or maintain an erection of the the penis (aka impotence)
Genital herpes
STD infection of the genitals with herpes simplex virus type 2
Gonorrhea
STD causd by gonococcus bacteria
Lumpectomy
surgical removal of a breast tumor without removing the entire breast or lymphatic tissue
Mammography
radiography of the breast in order to detect breast cancer
Mastectomy
surgical removal of the entire breast
Ovarian cancer
malignant neoplasm of the ovary
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Ascending infection from the vagina or cervix to the uterus and fallopian tubes
Prostate cancer
malignant neoplasm of the prostate gland
Prostatectomy
surgical removal of the prostate gland
Vasectomy
surgical removal of a portion of the vas deferens resulting in the birth control method most common to sterilize males