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relating to food or nutrition. Relating to the digestive system from the back of the mouth to the rectum.
literally a small cavity; alveoli of lungs are microscopic saclike dilations of terminal bronchioles.
coimection between vessels; for example, the Circle of Willis is an anastomosis of certain cerebral arteries.
before, in relation to time or space; in front of or in the front part of; ventral, hemal, as contrasted with dorsal, neural.
cavity; for example, the Antrum of Highmore, the space in each maxillary bone, or the maxillary sinus.
minute arteries with muscular walls and about 0.2 mm. in diameter; a terminal artery continuous with the capillary network.
this includes 74 bones that form the upright axis of the body and 6 tiny middle ear bones.
microscopic blood vessel; capillaries connect arterioles with venules. Also, microscopic lymphatic vessels.
a ridge; example, the iliac crest; a less prominent ridge is called a line; example, ileopectineal line.
the section of the colon which turns downward at the splenic flexure and descends on the left side of the abdomen.
the two rounded prominences, one on each side of the frontal bone, located where the forehead turns backward to become the anterior portion of the crown of the head.
the hollows formed on either side of the separation of the two plates of the frontal bone beneath the superciliary ridge.
relating to the cutis, derma, skin. It is composed of two strata, the epidermis and dermis and contains the sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and touch corpuscles.
the portion of the small intestine, about eight feet in length, between the duodenum and the ileum.
the organ of voice production; the upper part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea.
Liver (hepatic system )
the largest gland in the body; secretes bile and is of great importance in protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
cone-shaped organs, large enough to fill the pleural portion of the thoracic cavity completely. The left lung is partially divided by fissures into two lobes, upper and lower, and the right lung into three lobes, superior, middle and inferior. In relation to the lungs, the heart is medial.
Latin for marrow; hence the inner portion of an organ in contrast to the outer portion or cortex.
the dividing wall between the two nasal cavities, formed posteriorly of bone (mainly the vomer and perpendicular plate of the ethmoid), anteriorly of cartilage.
an elongated lobulated organ composed of both exocrine glandular tissue and endocrine glandular tissue. Secretes digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon.
the throat; the upper expanded portion of the digestive tract between the esophagus below the mouth and nasal cavaties above and in front.
a gland, partly muscular and partly glandular, which surrounds the beginning of the male urethra and secretes a milky fluid into the urethra at the time of semen emission.
next or nearest; located nearest the center of the body or the point of attachment of a structure.
relating to those organs and tissues from the nostrils to the air sacs in the lungs involved with the intake of air.
the three pairs of glands furnishing the saliva, the parotid, sublingual, and submaxillary.
shaped like a sesame seed; an inconstant number of small, flat, round bones found in various tendons in which considerable pressure develops. Of these, only the patellas are usually counted in the 206 bones of the body.
that portion of the large intestine that courses downward below the iliac crest. It is described as an S-shaped curve.
organizations of varying numbers and kinds of organs so arranged that together they can perform complex functions for the body.
the part of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen, below the liver, stomach, and spleen, and is above the small intestine.
also known as the windpipe; a tube about 11cm long that extends from the larynx in the neck to the bronchi in the thoracic cavity.
Tunica Adventitia (Externa)
the outer, fibroelastic coat of a blood vessel or other tubular structure.
worm-shaped tissue which extends from the lower portion of the cecum. Its mucous lining may become inflamed, a condition known as appendicitis.
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