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170 terms

Funeral Service Anatomy

Review week #3
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Abdomen
body area between the diaphragm and pelvis.
Abduct
to move away from the midline; opposite of adduct.
Adenology
the study of the endocrine system.
Adventitia, Externa
outer coat of a tube-shaped structure such as blood vessels.
Alimentary Canal
relating to food or nutrition. Relating to the digestive system from the back of the mouth to the rectum.
Alveolus
literally a small cavity; alveoli of lungs are microscopic saclike dilations of terminal bronchioles.
Ampulla
saclike dilation of a tube or duct.
Anastomoses
coimection between vessels; for example, the Circle of Willis is an anastomosis of certain cerebral arteries.
Anatomy
the structure of an organism, morphology.
Angiology
the study of the circulatory system.
Anterior Nares
external openings of the nostrils.
Anterior (Ventral)
before, in relation to time or space; in front of or in the front part of; ventral, hemal, as contrasted with dorsal, neural.
Aneurysm
blood-filled saclike dilation of the wall of an artery.
Antrum
cavity; for example, the Antrum of Highmore, the space in each maxillary bone, or the maxillary sinus.
Aorta
the main trunk of the systemic arterial system.
Apex
pointed end of a conical structure.
Aponeurosis
flat sheet of white fibrous tissue that serves as a muscle attachment, a tendon.
Appendicular Skeleton
relating to an appendix or appendage.
Arteries
vessels carrying blood away from the heart.
Arterioles
minute arteries with muscular walls and about 0.2 mm. in diameter; a terminal artery continuous with the capillary network.
Articulation
a joining or connecting together loosely so as to allow motion between parts.
Ascending Colon
the first part of the colon in the right side of the abdomen.
Atrium
chamber or cavity; for example, atrium of each side of the heart.
Axial Skeleton
this includes 74 bones that form the upright axis of the body and 6 tiny middle ear bones.
Bilateral
relating to, or having two sides.
Bronchiole
small branch of a bronchus.
Bronchus
one of the two branches of the trachea.
Brachial
pertaining to the arm.
Buccal Cavity
the space between the lips and the gums and teeth; the vestibule of the oral cavity.
Calyx
cup shaped division of the renal pelvis.
Capillary
microscopic blood vessel; capillaries connect arterioles with venules. Also, microscopic lymphatic vessels.
Carpal
pertaining to the wrist.
Caudal
pertaining to the tail of an animal. Opposite of cephalic.
Cecum
blind pouch; the pouch at the proximal end of the large intestine.
Celiac
pertaining to the abdomen.
Cervix
neck; any neck-like structure.
Concha
shell shaped structure. For example, bony projections in the nasal cavity.
Condyle
a rounded projection; example, condyles of the femur.
Cortex
outer part of an internal organ; for example, of the cerebrum and kidney.
Costal
pertaining to the ribs.
Crest
a ridge; example, the iliac crest; a less prominent ridge is called a line; example, ileopectineal line.
Cutaneous
pertaining to the skin.
Deferens
carrying away.
Descending colon
the section of the colon which turns downward at the splenic flexure and descends on the left side of the abdomen.
Distal
toward the end of a structure; opposite of proximal.
Diverticulum
outpocketing from a tubular organ such as the intestine.
Dorsal
posterior, pertaining to the back; opposite of ventral.
Duodenum
the first and shortest part of the small intestine.
Epiphyses
ends of a long bone.
Endocrine
secreting into the blood or tissue fluid rather than into a duct; opposite of exocrine.
Exocrine
secreting into a duct.
External
pertaining to the outside.
Fascia
sheet of connective tissue.
Fissure
groove.
Foramen
a hole, small opening; example, foramen magnum of the occipital bone.
Fossa
a hollow or depression; example, mandibular fossa of the temporal bone that serves as the
Fovea
cavity or hollow.
Frontal Eminences
the two rounded prominences, one on each side of the frontal bone, located where the forehead turns backward to become the anterior portion of the crown of the head.
Frontal Sinuses
the hollows formed on either side of the separation of the two plates of the frontal bone beneath the superciliary ridge.
Fundus
base of a hollow organ, for example, the part farthest from its outlet.
Gall Bladder
a pear-shaped sac, containing bile, on the under surface of the liver.
Gastric
pertaining to the stomach.
Genitalia
reproductive organs.
Gland
a secreting structure.
Glossal
of the tongue.
Head
a rounded projection beyond a narrow neckline portion; example, head of the femur.
Hepar or Hepatic
pertaining to the liver.
Hilus or Hilum
depression where vessels enter an organ.
Hyoid
shaped like the letter U; bone of this shape at the base of the tongue.
Ileum
the third portion of the small intestine, about 12 feet in length.
Inferior
lower.
Inguinal
pertaining to the groin.
Integumentary
relating to the cutis, derma, skin. It is composed of two strata, the epidermis and dermis and contains the sweat glands, sebaceous glands, hair follicles, and touch corpuscles.
Internal
relating to the inside.
Interstitial
of or forming small spaces between things. Intercellular.
Joints
the place of union, usually more or less moveable, between two or more bones.
Jejunum
the portion of the small intestine, about eight feet in length, between the duodenum and the ileum.
Labia
lips.
Lacrimal
pertaining to tears.
Larynx
the organ of voice production; the upper part of the respiratory tract between the pharynx and the trachea.
Lacuna
space or cavity; for example, lacunae in bone contain bone cells.
Lateral
of or toward the side; opposite of medial.
Liver (hepatic system )
the largest gland in the body; secretes bile and is of great importance in protein and carbohydrate metabolism.
Lumen
passageway or space within a tubular structure.
Lungs
cone-shaped organs, large enough to fill the pleural portion of the thoracic cavity completely. The left lung is partially divided by fissures into two lobes, upper and lower, and the right lung into three lobes, superior, middle and inferior. In relation to the lungs, the heart is medial.
Manubrium
handle; upper part of the sternum.
Meatus
a tube-shaped opening; example, the external auditory meatus.
Medial
of or toward the middle; opposite of lateral.
Mediastinum
middle section of the thorax, that is, between the two lungs.
Medulla
Latin for marrow; hence the inner portion of an organ in contrast to the outer portion or cortex.
Membrane
sheet or thin layer.
Mesentery
fold of peritoneum that attaches the intestine to the posterior abdominal wall.
Mesial
situated in the middle, median.
Morphology
the study of the shape and structure of living organisms.
Myology
the study of the muscular system.
Nares
nostrils
Nasal Septum
the dividing wall between the two nasal cavities, formed posteriorly of bone (mainly the vomer and perpendicular plate of the ethmoid), anteriorly of cartilage.
Neurology
the study of the nervous system.
Nuchal
pertaining to the nape of the neck.
Occiput
back of the head.
Olecranon
elbow.
Olfactory
pertaining to the sense of smell.
Ophthalmic
pertaining to the eyes.
Orifice
an opening.
Ossicles
small bones; specifically one of the bones of the tympanum or drum of the ear.
Palate
roof of the mouth.
Palpebrae
eyelids.
Pancreas
an elongated lobulated organ composed of both exocrine glandular tissue and endocrine glandular tissue. Secretes digestive enzymes, insulin, and glucagon.
Parietal
of the walls of an organ or cavity.
Parotid
located near the ear.
Pectineal
pertaining to the pubic bone.
Pectoral
pertaining to the chest or breast.
Peripheral
pertaining to an outside surface.
Phalanges
finger or toe bones.
Pharynx
the throat; the upper expanded portion of the digestive tract between the esophagus below the mouth and nasal cavaties above and in front.
Phrenic
pertaining to the diaphragm.
Plasma
liquid part of the blood.
Popliteal
behind the knee.
Posterior (Dorsal)
following after; hence located behind; opposite of anterior.
Process
a projection or outgrowth.
Pronate
to turn palm downward.
Prostate Gland
a gland, partly muscular and partly glandular, which surrounds the beginning of the male urethra and secretes a milky fluid into the urethra at the time of semen emission.
Protuberance
An outgrowth, a swelling, a knob.
Proximal
next or nearest; located nearest the center of the body or the point of attachment of a structure.
Pyloric sphincter
the aperture between the stomach and duodenum.
Ramus
branch.
Renal
pertaining to the kidney.
Respiratory System
relating to those organs and tissues from the nostrils to the air sacs in the lungs involved with the intake of air.
Rugae
wrinkles or folds.
Sagittal
like an arrow; longitudinal.
Salivary Glands
the three pairs of glands furnishing the saliva, the parotid, sublingual, and submaxillary.
Sclera
from Greek for hard.
Sesamoid Bones
shaped like a sesame seed; an inconstant number of small, flat, round bones found in various tendons in which considerable pressure develops. Of these, only the patellas are usually counted in the 206 bones of the body.
Sigmoid Colon
that portion of the large intestine that courses downward below the iliac crest. It is described as an S-shaped curve.
Sinus
a cavity or sponge-like space in a bone; example, the frontal sinus.
Sphincter
a muscle that principally closes an aperture.
Spinous Process or Spine
a sharp projection.
Splanchnic
visceral.
Superior
higher; opposite of inferior.
Supernate
to turn the palm of the hand upward; opposite of pronate.
Supraorbital Margin
arched ridge just below the eyebrow.
Symphysis
Greek for a growing together.
Systems
organizations of varying numbers and kinds of organs so arranged that together they can perform complex functions for the body.
Tendon
band or cord of fibrous connective tissue that attaches a muscle to a bone.
Thorax
chest.
Tibia
Latin for shin bone.
Transverse
crosswise, lying across the long axis of the body or of a part.
Transverse Colon
the part of the colon that passes horizontally across the abdomen, below the liver, stomach, and spleen, and is above the small intestine.
Trachea
also known as the windpipe; a tube about 11cm long that extends from the larynx in the neck to the bronchi in the thoracic cavity.
Trochanter
a very large projection; example, greater trochanter of the femur.
Tubercle
a small, rounded projection; example rib tubercies.
Tuberosity
a large, rounded projection; example, ischial tuberosity.
Tunica Adventitia (Externa)
the outer, fibroelastic coat of a blood vessel or other tubular structure.
Tunica Intima (Interna)
the inner, serous coat of an artery.
Tunica Media
the middle, usually muscular, coat of an artery or other tubular structure.
Tunics
one of the outer layers of a part, especially of a hollow organ or blood vessel.
Ureter
the tubes leading from the kidney to the urinary bladder.
Urethra
the tube leading from the urinary bladder to the external surface of the body.
Uvula
Latin for a little grape; projection hanging from the soft palate.
Valve
structure that permits flow of a fluid in one direction only.
Vas
vessel or duct.
Vastus
wide, of great size.
Veins
vessels carrying blood to the heart.
Ventral
of or near the belly; in humans, front or anterior; opposite of dorsal or posterior.
Vermiform Appendix
worm-shaped tissue which extends from the lower portion of the cecum. Its mucous lining may become inflamed, a condition known as appendicitis.
Vascular
relating to or containing blood vessels.
Ventricle
small cavity; in the heart, those chambers which pump blood away from the heart.
Visceral
referring to the internal organs.
Xiphoid
sword-shaped.
Zygoma
yoke.