12 terms

Grendel - Western Civilizations "isms"

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Existentialism
Each man exist as an individual in a purpose of the universe; he MUST oppose this hostile environment through the exercise of his free will.
Nihilism
The belief that there is no meaning or purpose in existence.
Solipism
The theory that the self is the only thing really existent.
Heroism
Qualities of bravery, noble action; admired by others.
Nationalism
Patriotism; national interests are most important.
Imperialism
An empire of many nations and areas all controlled by a central government.
Materialism
The doctrine that matter is the only reality & that everything in the world, including thought, will, feeling, can be explained only in terms of matter; comfort, pleasure, & wealth are the only or highest goals or values.
Anarchism
All forms of government interfere unjustly with with individual liberty and are, therefore, undesirable.
Dogmatism
Dogmatic assertion of opinion, usually without reference to evidence.
Mechanism/Determinism
Routine methods or procedures; mechanics; everything is entirely determined by a sequence of cause --- choice of action not free, but determined by a sequence of causes independent of will.
Empiricism
In philosophy, the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from a sense experience.
Mysticism
Immediate consciousness of the transcendent or ultimate reality of God.
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