20 terms

Greek Vocab

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harbor
a sheltered place along a coast used to protect boats and ships
peninsula
an area of land almost entirely surrounded by water
Crete
a Greek island in the Mediterranean Sea, southwest of Greece. It is the larger of the two Greek Islands
Rhodes
a Greek island, near what is today Turkey
Attica
a peninsula in east-central Greece on the Aegean Sea on which Athens was built
Peloponnesus
a mountainous peninsula in Southern Greece, between the Ionian and Aegean Sea
Phoenicia
An ancient seafaring civilization located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea
gorge
mountain passes with steep rocky sides
assembly
citizens that voted on issues that concerned their city
jury
groups of citizens who hear evidence and make decisions in a court of law
philosophy
search for wisdom and the right way to live
Peloponnesian War
war fought between the Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC. Ending in victory for Sparta
phalanxes
battle formation of infantry standing in close ranks with their shields and long spears overlapping each other
orator
a person who is a skilled public speaker
Pericles
leader of Athens around 450BC - allowed all citizens to take part in the government
Socrates
teacher who angered people in Athens because he questioned how they lived
Plato
student of Socrates who wrote down Socrates' ideas
Phillip II
Macedonian King
Parthenon
marble temple to Athens in the center of the Acropolis
Macedonia
powerful kingdom north of Greece