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23 terms

Art

STUDY
PLAY
Art
the process and products that transform matter, sound or motion into a form that's pleasing
-to express and enjoy life
-social integration and universal aspects
universal aspects
emotional gratification for the individual
-art can manipulate human passions: suspense, terror, desire, sadness, etc
social integration
-communicates cultural attributes to the rest of the society
-enculturation next generation thru song/dance (sesame street)
-reflect other aspects of culture (sand painting)
-reflects solidarity
differences in art forms
visual art, music, verbal art
between cultures and societies the differences
small scale, nomadic societies
-art has to be portable (piercings, tattoos)
-art is more embedded in other aspects of culture
ex. Melanesians vs. Polynesians
complex societies
stratified
-specialists that can distinguish between good and bad art= art critics
visual art
painting, sculpture, weaving, carving, tattoo, etc.
-change a raw material into something else
1. representational
2. abstract
-different ways of examining this
representational visual art
closely imitates a form of nature
-naturalistic
-stylized
abstract visual art
representing basic patterns
type of visual art
modern, western art
creative originality and unique vision of artist
ex. tattoos: private statement of personal identity
traditional art
about community and shared symbolism
ex. Maoui: tattooing has more to do with what your collective identity is, what group you're a part of
-clan, collective identity
aesthetic approach
way to examine visual art
admiring the talent of the artist or the beauty of the artwork
-talk about the techniques used
narrative approach
way to examine visual art
what's being depicted
-basic straight forward stuff--what you see in the picture
-what objects are doing what and how does that tell us what's going on in the picture
-the story shown in the picture
interpretive
way to examine visual art
-what's the cultural meaning of the piece?
-what does it mean to that culture?
-in order to get this approach, you must know the culture behind it
music
reflects simplicity of a society
type of art
Egalitarian vs. stratified
-repetition of text?
-how many are singing?
-are instruments used? how many?
ethnomusicology
study of structure and technique of music and how it fits together with other aspects of culture
verbal arts
narratives, drama, poetry, riddles, jokes, latrinalia
-folklore: legends, myths, tales, jokes, and humor
latrinalia
things written on bathroom stalls
-phrases
folklore
type of verbal art
-mostly written
myths
type of folklore
-widely believed to be true, but probably aren't
-religions
-explain fundamentals of human nature
-never has a nugget of truth
legend
type of folklore
-semi-historical
-account for the deeds of heroes and movements of peoples
-bolster pride; instruct/inspire
-mixture of realism with extraordinary
ex. Bonnie and Clyde
Tales
type of folklore
-fiction for entertainment
ex. fables: include animal characters, dilemma--always has to have a moral to the story
-explain/teach socially appropriate behavior
-similar stories are told across cultures: diffusion
jokes and humor
type of folklore
very culture specific
-listener needs to understand culture to "get" the jokes told