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Arts and Humanities
Film and TV
COM 120 - Final Exam
Terms in this set (149)
Can play roles of greater range and variety
co-founded by Kazan, his acting school that taught the modern form of acting
a shot filmed from an airplane or helicopter
A story in which each aspect of the story has a symbolic meaning outside the tale itself.
an indirect reference to a famous person, place, event, or literary work
The placement of the camera in such a manner as to anticipate the movement of an action before it occurs. Such setups often suggest predestination.
A detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in literature and myth and is thought to appeal in a universal way to the unconscious and to evoke a response
The use of only that light which actually exists on location, either natural (the sun) or artificial (house lamps). When available lighting is used in interior locations, generally a sensitive fast film stock must also be used.
experimental film or underground cinema; for artistic movement vs. commercial success; small audience, made by one person or small group
During the studio era, standing exterior sets of such common locales as a turn-of-the-century city block, a frontier town, a European village, and so on.
Illumination cast onto the figures in the scene from the side opposite the camera, usually creating a thin outline of highlighting on those figures.
A soundproof camera housing that muffles the noise of the camera's motor so sound can be clearly recorded on the set.
An overhead telescoping pole that carries a microphone, permitting the synchronous recording of sound without restricting the movement of the actors.
A male-oriented action genre, especially popular in the 1970's, dealing with the adventures of two or more men, usually excluding any significant female roles.
Computer Generated Imagery
Cahiers du Cinema
journal of film criticism
An artistic sensibility typified by comic mockery, especially of the straight world and conventional morality.
the process of selecting actors for various roles
Transparent plastic sheets that are superimposed in layers by animators to give the illusion of depth and volume to their drawings.
French term for truth film, a documentary style that records fragments of everyday life unobtrusively; it often features a rough, grainy look and shaky, handheld camera work
motion picture photographer
critics' term for films in the prevailing Hollywood studio style, with continuity editing creating a credible screen reality, sets reinforcing that impression, plots built on lines of action finally resolving whatever the conflicts posed (whatever their incompatibility in the real world), and characters who elicit strong audience identification
A style of editing in which a sequence of shots is determined by a scene's dramatic and emotional emphasis rather than by physical action alone.
plot with relation between events; a sense of closure at end; character focused stories; narrative style that attempts to be more or less objective/realistic seeming
structure (film form)
The audiovisual design of a film and the particular tools and techniques used to create that design.
A vague but convenient term used to designate the style of mainstream fiction films produced in America, roughly from the mid-teens until the late 1960's.
Jung's name for the memories shared by all members of the human species
added color to monochrome films
convention in genre
A genre convention is a typical or standard trope of plot, character, setting, icon, theme, or effect in a genre story. For instance, in a Western it is conventional to have the heroes wear white hats and the villains wear black hats (icon convention) Or in the superhero genre, it is a convention to have the characters wear costumes (icon convention).
A long shot usually cut in at the beginning of a sequence to establish place or location.
The camera physically moves vertically (up or down)
a person who expresses an unfavorable opinion of something.
cut into action that is happening simultaneously. This technique is also called parallel editing. It can create tension or suspense and can form a connection between scenes.
cutting to continuity
A type of editing in which the shots are arranged to preserve the fluidity of an action without showing all of it. An unobtrusive condensation of a continuous action.
relating to discussions; relating to the rules and methods of reasoning; approaching truth in the middle of opposing extremes
Conversation between characters
In a narrative film, the world of the film's story. The diegesis includes events that are presumed to have occurred and actions and spaces not shown onscreen.
Director of Photography
The member of the group in charge of camera operations
a film or TV program presenting the facts about a person or event
filmmaking movement started in 1995 by the Danish directors Lars von Trier and Thomas Vinterberg, who created the "Dogme 95 Manifesto" and the "Vows of Chastity" These were rules to create films based on the traditional values of story, acting, and theme, and excluding the use of elaborate special effects or technology. It was supposedly created as an attempt to "take back power for the director as artist", as opposed to the studio.[
That area of the film image that compels the viewer's most immediate attention, usually because of a prominent visual contrast.
the addition of sound after the visuals have been photographed
the process of making your own system by borrowing from two or more other systems
"Wide Shots." Establish location by showing surroundings (as well as subjects in some cases).
A film genre characterized by bold and sweeping themes usually heroic.
a style of filmmaking emphasizing extreme distortion, lyricism, and artistic self expression at the expense of objectivity
F / X
slang for special effects
A video time speed, within a shot, that is faster than that of the real world.
film stock that's highly sensitive to light and generally produces a grainy image
comprised the "dark" moody American films of the 1940s; often focused on detectives or similar themes
Preset effects used to quickly adjust a graphic's appearance
the last version of an edited film
The initial sequence of shots in a movie, often constructed by the director.
fish eye lens
An ultra wide-angle lens that produces strong visual distortion intended to create a wide panoramic or hemispherical image.
flash pan shot
a fast pan shot that is a blur
a scene in a movie, novel, etc., set in a time earlier than the main story.
An action that jumps ahead of the story to narrate an event that happens at a later time.
When a critic isolates and heightens one aspect of a work of art from its context to analyze that characteristic in greater depth.
Abstract art that focuses on the formal qualities of art - color, composition, sound, words or movement.
When the movement of the film image appears to stop so that it appears like a photographic still.
French New Wave
A film movement (1950s and 1960s) in France in opposition to the conventional studio system. Films often low budget with young actors, shot on location, used unconventional sound and editing patterns, and addressed the struggle for personal expression.
A category or type of movie characterized by a particular form, style, or content.
A shot taken with a moving camera that is often deliberately shaky to suggest documentary footage in an uncontrolled setting.
A style of lighting emphasizing harsh shafts and dramatic streaks of lights and darks. Often used in thrillers and melodramas.
The scene is flooded with light, creating a bright and open-looking scene.
the study of historical writing
Honor or respect shown publicly
the use of will known symbols in an artistic representation
a system of ideas and ideals, especially one that forms the basis of economic or political theory and policy.
the art or act of making, inventing, or arranging offhand, without advance planning
An unobtrusive area of the film image that nonetheless compels our most immediate attention because of its dramatic or contextual importance.
a masking device that blacks out portions of the screen
meaning that is produced by filmmaking techniques applied to movement
a ground or molded piece of glass or plastic in a camera
lens that compress space
Describes a shot where there is a lot of room around an object or person. Usually used to show them as being alone or isolated or unimportant.
The scene is flooded with shadows and darkness, creating suspense or suspicion.
Songlike; characterized by emotions, subjectivity, and imagination.
A term for the most powerful film companies in the U.S. industry. In the 1920s, the Majors were also known as the "Big Three" and consisted of Paramount-Publix, Loew's (MGM), and First National. During the 1930s, the Majors (now the "Big Five") were MGM, Paramount, 20th Century-Fox, Warner Bros., and RKO. Before 1948, the Majors achieved their status because they had a high degree of vertical integration. Today the Majors consist of several production-distribution companies owned by media conglomerates.
a technique whereby a portion of the movie image is blocked out, thus temporarily altering the dimensions of the screen's aspect ratio
An uninterrupted shot, usually taken from a long or full-shot range, that contains an entire scene. The closer shots are photographed later, and an edited sequence, composed of a variety of shots, is constructed on the editor's bench.
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
an approach that calls on the actor to use personal experience and sense memory to develop a character
metter en scene
mise en scene
A type of film music that is purely descriptive and attempts to mimic the visual action with musical equivalents.
an attitude of doing only the least that is required by law in our moral life
All of the elements placed in front of the camera to be photographed: the settings and props, lighting, costumes and makeup, and figure behavior.
The process of combining all sounds at their proper levels from several tracks and placing them onto a master track.
Speech delivered by one person
A quick succession of images or impressions used to express an idea.
A recurring theme, subject or idea
An Italian film movement which produced its best works between 1945 and 1955. Strongly realistic in its technical biases, neorealism emphasized documentary aspects of film art, stressing loose episodic plots, unextraordinary events and characters, natural lighting, poverty and social problems, and an emphasis on humanistic and democratic ideals. The term is also used to describe other films which reflect the technical and stylistic biases of Italian neorealism.
A machine used to create special effects in movies. Today many of these effects are produced with digital computer technology.
Too much light enters the aperture of a camera lens, bleaching out the image. Useful for fantasy and nightmare scenes.
A technique of cutting back and forth between action occurring in two different locations, which often creates the illusion that they are happening simultaneously. Also called "cross cutting."
persistence of vision
Refers to the way our eyes retain images for a split second longer than they actually appear, making a series of quick flashes appear as one continuous picture.
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
Tends to play only those roles that fit a preconceived public image, which constitutes his or her persona.
A form of single- frame animation in which three- dimensional objects, often people, are made to move in staccato bursts through the use of stop-action cinematography.
point of view
the perspective from which a story is told
the blurring of focal planes in sequence, forcing the viewer's eyes to travel with those areas of an image that remain in sharp focus
A cut to a shot of a character's reaction to the contents of the preceding shot.
closely resembling real life
artistic representation that aims for visual accuracy
a person who tends to view or represent things as they really are
A return to an initial establishing shot within a scene, acting as a reminder of the physical context of the closer shots.
reverse angle shot
A shot taken from an angle 180 degrees opposed to the previous shot.
A series of images are photographed with the film reversed. When projected normally, the effect is to suggest backward movement.
a type of critic who reports on a production and gives a brief opinion about whether or not it is worth seeing
rites of passage
rituals marking initiation into adulthood
the crudely edited footage of a movie before the editor has tightened up the slackness between shots
When video or film images are placed in the background of a scene, one frame at a time, either manually or by computer automation.
an imprecise unit of film composed of shots
a script for a movie
A film genre, introduced in the 1930s in the United States and popular up to the 1950s, characterized by zany lovers, often from different social classes. The plots are often absurdly improbable and have a tendency to veer out of control. These movies usually feature slapstick comedy scenes, aggressive and charming heroines, and an assortment of outlandish secondary characters.
the written text of a movie
the blurring of focal planes in sequence, forcing the viewer's eyes to travel with those areas of an image that remain in sharp focus
A single lengthy shot, usually involving complex staging and camera movements
a collection of objects for a movie scene
The positioning of the camera and lights for a specific shot.
a lens that provides a wide angle of view of a scene ,including more of the subject area than a lens of normal focal length.
When action is filmed at a speed faster than 24 frames a second that action appears unusually slow when projected at normal speed.
Film stocks that are relatively insensitive to light and produce crisp images and a sharpness of detail. When used in interior settings, these stocks generally require considerable artificial illumination.
A film actor or actress of great popularity.
The technique of exploiting the charisma of popular performers to enhance the box-office appeal of films.
A camera mount, worn by the operator, that allows the camera to remain level even when the operator moves, ensuring extremely smooth hand-held traveling shots.
A previsualization technique in which shots are sketched in advance and in sequence, like a comic strip, thus allowing the filmmaker to outline the mise en scene and construct the editing continuity before production begins
how films convey meaning through the use of codes and conventions not dissimilar to the way languages are used to construct meaning in communication.
a subordinated element of film image complementing or contrasting with the dominant contrast
A term used in drama and film to signify the dramatic implications beneath the language of a play or movie.
A horizontal movement of the camera at such a rapid rate that the subject photographed blurs on the screen.
anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share a culture
The agreement or correspondence between image and sound, which are recorded simultaneously, or seem so in the finished print.
A variation of a specific shot. The final shot is often selected from a number of possible takes.
A lens that acts as a telescope, magnifying the size of objects at a great distance.
A type of editing propounded by the Soviet filmmaker Eisenstein, in which separate shots are linked together not by their literal continuity in reality but by symbolic association.
One given to speculating.
Usually in close shots. The mise en scene is so carefully balanced and harmonized that the people photographed have little or no freedom of movement.
frame rate for film
wide angle lens
a lens that allows for a wider angle of view and that can increase the illusion of depth within the shot
A system in which the production, distribution, and exhibition of movies are all controlled by the same corporation.
An eyepiece on the camera that defines the playing area and the framing of the action to be photographed.
the recorded voice narrating the story
The camera moves very quickly from one side to another
A lens of variable focal length which permits the cameraman to change from wide angle to telephoto shots (and vice versa) in one continuous movement.
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