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World History Chapter 16
Terms in this set (55)
This agricultural culture of the Southwest was one of the earliest and most successful in the region. The people were influenced by the Anasazi, their neighbors to the north, as well as by Mesoamerican peoples to the south.
This early culture existed in the Four Corners area. The people built huge cliff dwellings and apartment-style dwellings in villages known as pueblos. Pueblo Bonito is the one of the largest of these villages. By 1200, all of the pueblos of this culture had been abandoned.
This culture included the Kwakiutl, Nootka, and Haida. Their most important resource was the sea. Differences in wealth led to the creation of social classes. Families displayed their rank and wealth by giving away food, drink, and gifts in the elaborate potlatch ceremony.
Pacific Northwest peoples
This culture was made up of a number of eastern tribes. Despite sharing a similar environment, these tribes developed a variety of cultures and often fought over land. However, five of these tribes came together to create the political alliance known as the Iroquois League.
Northeastern woodland peoples
This culture was the last of the great Mound Builder societies that arose in the wooded lands east of the Mississippi River. The people of this culture, led by priest-rulers, constructed gigantic temple-topped pyramids. They created thriving villages based on farming and trade. The most important of these was Cahokia, where as many as 30,000 people lived.
Tikal was the name of an important Maya
glyphs were used for
Maya writing system
An early Maya most probably would have used a codex
to keep track of important historical events
The Popol Vuh is a Maya story about the
creation of the world
the decline of the Maya occurred
several hundred years before the Spanish arrived in the Americas
they worked to establish loyalty among conquered peoples
They entered into the Triple Alliance
its exact location is unknown
it built an empire by conquering all of its neighbors
He was a war god.
pachacuti stands out in Inca History as the
ruler who expanded the kingdom into an empire
In Incan tradition, the ayllu was
the small-group structure used for community work projects
In the Incan Empire, mita was a type of
the incan used the quipu to
the decline of the incan empire can be traced to a
struggle between rivals for the Inca throne
the potlatch ceremony was used by the peoples of the Northwest as a way to
display personal wealth
By the A.D. 900s, the Anasazi were living in
The purpose of the Iroquois League was to
promote joint defense and cooperation among tribes
the Maya based their calendar on careful observations of
the planets, sun, and moon
the maya wrote on a bark paper book known as
the toltecs were all of the following except
the ancestors of the Aztec.
In 1428, the Aztecs joined with two other city-states - Texcoco and Tlacopan - to form
the Triple Alliance
The main demand that the Incan state placed on its subjects was the mita, which was a tribute of
Conquered provinces resented Aztec rule because the Aztecs
used conquered people for human sacrifice
The Inca expanded quickly under the leadership of
Which of the following was true of the Maya?
They developed math and astronomy to support their religious beliefs
Which of the following lasted for about 132 years?
the Incan Empire
Which of the following believed in the Great Spirit?
North American tribes
Which of the following was true of the Aztecs?
They practiced human sacrifice for religious offerings.
Which of the following used hieroglyphs?
`the hopewell and the mississippian peoples were similar in what way?
they both were mound builders
In what region did five tribes come together to create the political alliance known as the Iroquois League?
Which of the following was NOT part of the noble class in Aztec society?
Which of the following was a major city of the Maya?
Using glyphs, the Maya were able to do which of the following?
pass on stories, record history, and make calendars
which of the following led to the development of the Maya calendar?
which of the following was the first major civilization of Central Mexico?
which of the following shows the influence of the toltecs on aztec civilization?
aztecs comparing the arrival of the spanish to the return quetzalcoatl
The Incan system of government was similar to which of the following?
through which of the following methods did the Inca add territory to their empire?
a combination of military force and diplomacy
in which of the following ways did the early north american peoples view the land?
the land was sacred, not something that could be bought and sold
in what way were the early North American peoples and the Maya similar?
both had extensive trade links
which of the following was caused in part by a conflict over religious practices?
the Aztecs' decline
Which of the following religious customs did NOT influence political events?
the underground ceremonies of the Anasazi
Which of the following might have been influenced by Mesoamerican culture?
100 foot high, flat topped pyramids of the Mississippian
Which of the following was based on astronomical study?
in what way were the Aztecs and the Northeastern Woodlands tribes similar?
both formed political alliances
Which of the following increased the loyalty of conquered peoples?
incan welfare system
which of the following did NOT help to unify and protect a civilization?
Montezuma II's reduction of tribute payment
In which of the following ways were the Inca and the Romans similar?
both were skilled engineers
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