AP US History


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English found Jamestown, Virginia
Dutch deliver first slaves to Virginia
November 9, Mayflower ship lands at Cape Cod, Massachusetts, with 101 colonists
November 11, the Mayflower Compact is signed by the 41 men, establishing a form of local government in which the colonists agree to abide by majority rule and to cooperate for the general good of the colony
French and Indian War erupts as a result of disputes over land in the Ohio River Valley, Compact set the precedent for other colonies as they set up governments
French and Indian War (Seven Year's War) ends with the Treaty of Paris, France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans and Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba
May, the Ottawas under Chief Pontiac begin warfare against British west of Niagara, destroying several British forts and conducting a siege against the British at Detroit
August, Pontiac's forces are defeated by the British near Pittsburgh
Proclamation of 1763, signed by King George III of England, prohibits any English settlement west of the Appalachian mountains and requires those already settled in those regions to return east in an attempt to ease tensions with Native Americans
July 4, United States Declaration of Independence stars the revolutionary war
February 24, John Adams is sent as American ambassador to Britain. He spent the next 3 years trying to settle problems regarding of a string of British forts along the Canadian border, pre-war debts owed to British creditors, post-war American treatment of Loyalists, and the closing of the West Indian colonies to American trade (all failed)
May 8, Congress passes Land Ordinance of 1785 which divides the northwest territories into townships, set at 6 square miles, subdivided into 36 lots of 640 acres each, with each lot selling for no less than $640
July 13, Congress enacts Northwest Ordinance which establishes formal procedures for transforming territories into states. It provides for establishment of 3 to 5 states north of the Ohio River, to be considered equal with the original 13. Includes a Bill of Rights that guarantees freedom of religion, the right to trial by jury, public education and a ban on slavery in the Northwest
July 16, Constitutional convention, Roger Sherman proposes compromise allows for representation in the House of Representatives based on each state's population and equal representation for all of the states in the Senate, slaves will only count as 3/5 of total population
September 17, Thirty nine delegates vote to approve and then sign the final draft of the new Constitution
December 7, Delaware is the first of the nine states needed to ratify the Constitution. To be followed by: Pennsylvania (Dec. 12) New Jersey (Dec. 18) Georgia (Jan. 2, 1788) Connecticut (Jan. 9) Massachusetts (Feb. 7) Maryland (April 28) South Carolina (May 23) and New Hampshire (June 21)
June, The U. S. capital is moved from Philadelphia to Washington, D.C.
January 18, Jefferson asks Congress for funds for an expedition to explore the Mississippi River and beyond in search of a route to the Pacific.
April 30, United States buys France all of the Louisiana territory for fifteen million dollars
War of 1812 with Britain starts due to trade restrictions brought about by the British war with France, the impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, British support of Indian tribes against American expansion, outrage over insults to national honour after humiliations on the high seas and American interest in annexing British North American territory (part of modern-day Canada), which had been denied to them in the settlement ending the American Revolutionary War
Missouri Compromise, admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Maine immediately gives right to vote and education to all male citizens. The compromise also prohibited slavery in the remainder of the Louisiana Purchase north of 36°30'N lat. (southern boundary of Missouri). The 36°30' proviso held until 1854, when the Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed the Missouri Compromise.
Jan 27th - President Monroe appoints 1st US ambassadors to South America
Mar 11th - 1st normal school in US opens, Concord Academy, Concord, Vt
May 10th - 1st steamboat to navigate the Mississippi River arrives at Ft Snelling
April 25, War with Mexico. Mexico was fighting to keep what they thought was their property and the U.S. desired to retain the disputed land of Texas and obtain more of Mexico's northern lands
Compromise of 1850 admits California as free state but Fugitive Slave Law enacted.
Millard Fillmore elected President
Franklin Pierce re-elected President
Dred Scott Decision: US Supreme Court rules Africans cannot be US citizens
thousands of businesses fail after the collapse of Ohio Life Insurance and Trust
600 people drown when the S.S. Central America sinks off Charleston
Oregon admitted as State
John Brown's raid on Harper's Ferry
March 4, Lincoln Inaugurated
April 12, Fort Sumter fired on, surrenders Starting Civil War
April 17, Virginia Secedes
May, the remaining four of the eleven Confederate states secede.
July 21, Union loses First Battle of Bull Run
April 9, Civil War ends
April 15, Lincoln is assassinated
Apr 24th , Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)
May 13th - Battle of Palmito Ranch, near Brownsville, Texas: final engagement of the American Civil War
Presidential Reconstruction
45th Congress has three Black members
May 17, Supreme Court rules that corporations have the same rights as living persons
September 4, Indian Wars begin to end
October 28, President Grover Cleveland dedicates the Statue of Liberty.
January 17, U.S. Marines intervene in Hawaii, resulting in overthrow of the government of Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii
May 1, First United States commemorative postage stamps are issued for the Exposition
May 5, Panic of 1893: A crash on the New York Stock Exchange starts a depression
March 25, Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs from Massillon, Ohio for Washington D.C
May 1, Coxey's Army arrives in Washington, D.C., May Day Riots of 1894 break out in Cleveland, Ohio
March 24, First American car
April 22, United States Navy begins a blockade of Cuban ports
April 25, Spanish American War starts
July 7, United States annexes the Hawaiian Islands
December 10, Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Spanish-American War
Zimmermann Telegram, diplomatic proposal from the German Empire for Mexico to join an alliance with Germany in the event of the United States entering World War I against Germany
U.S. enters WWI
January 6, Theodore Roosevelt dies
August 11, Andrew Carnegie dies
Stock market crashes, depression begins
Franklin Delano Roosevelt inaugurated
December 7, Japanese attack Pearl Harbor, U.S. Declares war on Japan
December 11, Hitler declares war on U.S.
April, U.S. troops land on Okinawa (near Japan)
FDR Dies
May, Germany Surrenders
June. U.N. Charter Signed
August, Atomic bombs dropped - Russia declares war on Japan
Japan surrenders
Peacetime draft
Truman defeats Dewey and is re-elected
Berlin Airlift, one of the first major international crises of the Cold War
Alaska and Hawaii become states
Castro comes to power in Cuba
Khruschev visits U.S.
Brown v. Board of Education, Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional
Lunch counter sit ins begin in South (beginning of "Civil Rights Movement"
Castro confiscates U.S. property in Cuba; U.S. begins embargo
Soviets launch dogs and mice into space and bring them back alive.
Kennedy and Johnson elected President and Vice President
Kennedy assassinated
Oswald shot by Jack Ruby - country "stunned" Lyndon Johnson becomes President.
U.S. Nuclear submarine with 129 aboard is lost in Atlantic
Massive escalation of U.S. military effort, combined with nightly TV coverage of war and opposition of liberal news media. Anti war demonstrations become wide spread
Race Riots in Watts area of L.A.
5 million color TV's
Tet Offensive
MLK assassinated
RFK assassinated
Nixon defeats Humphrey and becomes President
US Submarine sinks, 99 die.
Nixon orders the development of a space shuttle program
Phone records are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time
Pioneer 10 spacecraft is launched from Cape Kennedy, to be the first man-made satellite to leave the solar system
Nixon and White House chief of staff H. R. Haldeman are taped talking about using the C.I.A. to obstruct the F.B.I.'s investigation into the Watergate break-ins
Nixon refuses to surrender 500 tapes and documents which have been subpoenaed by the Senate Watergate Committee
U.S. District Court Judge Geoerge Boldt rules that Native American tribes in Washington State are entitled to half of the legal salmon and steelhead catches, based on treaties signed by the tribes and the U.S. government
Watergate scandal: Seven former White House officials are indicted for their role in the Watergate break-in and charged with conspiracy to obstruct justice
United States and the People's Republic of China establish full diplomatic relations
first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, Columbia, is delivered to the John F. Kennedy Space Center, to be prepared for its first launch
President Jimmy Carter signs the first directive for secret aid to the opponents of the pro-Soviet regime in Kabul.
Failed U.S. Rescue Attempt to Save Hostages in Tehran
Mount St. Helens Erupts
Ted Turner Establishes CNN
DNA First Used to Convict Criminals
New York Stock Exchange Suffers Huge Drop on "Black Monday"
Clinton elected President
George W. Bush Becomes President