How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

38 terms

Anthro Midterm

Midterm
STUDY
PLAY
Holistic
Encompassing past, present, and future biology, society, language, and culture
Cultural Anthropology
humans and society in culture
show similarities and difference
Archaeological Anthropology
reconstructs, describe, and interpret human behavior and culture through material remains
Biological/ Physical Anthropology
fossil records, human genetics, human growth and development, plasticity, evolution and social behavior
Linguistic Anthropology
study of how people use language to relate to each other and how they develop and transmit culture
Culture
learned, symbolic, shared, nature
what one society encompasses themselves in
Enculturation
a process by which a child learns from his or her culture
Culture relativism
an idea that to know other culture requires full understanding of its members beliefs and motivation
Ethnocentrism
Judging other cultures and using ones own culture standards
Paleoanthropology
study of hominids, hominins, and human life through fossil record
paleontology
study of ancient life through fossil records
systematic survey
a regional perspective by gathering information on settlement patterns refers to the distribution of sites within a particular area
excavation
digging through the cultural and natural layers of deposits that make up a site
relative dating
a time frame in relation to other strata or material
Stratigraphy
the science that examines the way in which the earths sediments accumulate in layers
taphonomy
the study of process affecting remains of dead animals
catastrophism
view that extinct species were formed by fire, flood, and other natural disasters
uniforitarianism
natural forces at work today that can also explain past events
speciation
formation of new species
punctuated equilibrium
long periods of stability during which species change little, may be interrupted by evolutionary leaps
natural selection
selection of favored forms through differential reproductive successes
evolution
transformation of species
gene flow
exchange of genetic material through interbreeding
gene pool
all genetic material in a breeding population
macro evolution
formation of new species
primate
monkeys, apes, and humans
primatology
the study of apes, monkeys and prosimans
prosimans
lemurs, lorises and tarsiers
anthropoids
monkeys, apes, humans , A member of a primate group made up of the apes (gibbon, orangutan, gorilla, chimpanzee, and bonobo), monkeys, and humans.
brachiation
under the branch swinging, swinging by the arms from branch to branch
hominoid
member of superfamily including humans and all the apes
hominin
member of the human linage after its split from ancestral chimp
hominid
a member of the taxonomic family that includes humans and the african apes and their imidate ancestors
bipedalism
upright, two legged locomotion
anthropology
the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
human diversity
humans are a single, highly variable species inhabiting the entire globe, the biological concept of race cannot be applied to human diversity, the vast majority of human variation exists within populations rather than among populations
ethnography
the branch of anthropology that provides scientific description of individual human societies
reproductive isolation
separation of species or populations so that they cannot interbreed and produce fertile offspring