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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Approximately how many people does smoking kill in AL every year?
  2. What is the leading cause of preventable death in the US?
  3. bias
  4. Types of Prevention:
    Tertiary Prevention
  5. Approximately how many people live in the US?
  1. a a process at any stage of inference tending to produce results that depart systematically from true values.
  2. b tobacco use
  3. c 7,000
  4. d ...300,000,000
  5. e Def: Reducing the impact of the disease
    Ex. Rehabilitation for stroke

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. 450,000
  2. "the extent to which repeated measurements of a stable phenomenon by different people and instruments at different times and places get similar results" Other words for this are reproducability and precision. p. 20
  3. Proportion of people with a disease who have a positive test for the disease = true positives/(true positives + false negatives) p. 39
  4. ARR (same as Attributable Risk), It is the absolute value of the control group event rate - the experimental group event rate.
  5. The more sensitive a test is, the better will be its NPV. The more specific a test it, the better will be its PPV.

5 True/False questions

  1. Cohort StudyA population group unified by a specific common characteristic, such as age, and subsequently treated as a statistical unit.


  2. Number of People Known to be Living in Alabama with HIV11,700. Of these 11,700 known to have HIV, ~4,500 have AIDS. (This number with AIDS will probably not be asked since the term AIDS is somewhat subjective. The viral load limit that a person must have to be considered suffering from AIDS has been lowered in recent years.)


  3. Internal Validity"degree to which the results of an observation hold true in other settings" "generalizability" "Assuming that the results of a study are true, do they apply to my patients as well?" p. 10


  4. PrevalenceThe fraction or proportion of a group of people initially free of the outcome of interest that develops the condition over a given period of time


  5. Regression to the MeanNormal distribution curve. based in statistical theory, describes the frequency distribution of repeated measurements of the same physical object by the same measurement.