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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Reliability
  2. Confounders
  3. Case Fatality Rate
  4. Gausian Curve
  5. Ecology of Medicine
  1. a Proportion of patients who die of a disease
  2. b Normal distribution curve. based in statistical theory, describes the frequency distribution of repeated measurements of the same physical object by the same measurement.
  3. c (Dr. Wheat) author? journal?....i think...Kerr White New England Journal of Medicine, Nov. 2, 1961 "Ecology of Medical Care"
  4. d "the extent to which repeated measurements of a stable phenomenon by different people and instruments at different times and places get similar results" Other words for this are reproducability and precision. p. 20
  5. e Patient characteristics that may affect the results a study it is trying to measure. They can decrease the validity of a study.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. tobacco use
  2. 450,000
  3. A population group unified by a specific common characteristic, such as age, and subsequently treated as a statistical unit.
  4. a process at any stage of inference tending to produce results that depart systematically from true values.
  5. "degree to which the results of an observation hold true in other settings" "generalizability" "Assuming that the results of a study are true, do they apply to my patients as well?" p. 10

5 True/False questions

  1. Attributable RiskThe probability of an event in a population under study. #new cases over a given period of time / # people in the group


  2. PrevalenceThe fraction or proportion of a group of people initially free of the outcome of interest that develops the condition over a given period of time


  3. Phases of Drug DevelopmentPhase 1: first stage of testing in humans (about 20-100 pple); small group of healthy volunteers; test for safety, tolerability, pharmokinetics, and pharmacodynamics
    Phase 2: larger groups (about 20-300 ppl), assess how well the drug works, dosing requirments, efficacy
    Phase 3: large groups (300-3,000 ppl), test to see how effective the drug is compared to other drugs
    Phase 4: safety survellience, ongoing technical support


  4. John SnowDid study of cholera


  5. Case Control Study"incidence study" Sample of people either free of outcome of interest and then followed over time as it emerges, or all diseased then followed for outcomes of that disease.. p. 64, All participants in a cohort study could experience the outcome of interest. 81 See Table 5.2 p. 84 "Advantages and Disadvantages of Cohort Studies"