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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Ecology of Medicine
  2. Approximately how many people does smoking kill in AL every year?
  3. Gausian Curve
  4. Gold Standard
  5. How are laboratory abnormalities defined?
  1. a As a fraction of the actual distribution (Page 29)
  2. b Normal distribution curve. based in statistical theory, describes the frequency distribution of repeated measurements of the same physical object by the same measurement.
  3. c Term describing the best way to tell whether or not a disease or condition is truly present or not, i.e. using a throat culture to confirm clinical impression of strep throat. "Throat culture in this case would be a -----." p. 36 (There should be the understanding that no test is perfect.)
  4. d 7,000
  5. e (Dr. Wheat) author? journal?....i think...Kerr White New England Journal of Medicine, Nov. 2, 1961 "Ecology of Medical Care"

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Def: Early detection of existing disease to reduce severity and complications
    Ex. Screening for cancer
  2. Did study of cholera
  3. Proportion of patients who die of a disease
  4. 450,000
  5. ...4,700,000

5 True/False questions

  1. Types of Prevention:
    Primary Prevention
    Def: Reducing the impact of the disease
    Ex. Rehabilitation for stroke


  2. Regression to the Mean"Patients selected because they represent an extreme value in a distribution can be expected, on average, to have less extreme values on subsequent measurements..This occurs for purely statistical reasons, not because the patients have necessarily improved." This is the reasoning behind repeating lab tests: "Subsequent values are likely to be more accurate estimates of the true value." p. 32


  3. PPVa process at any stage of inference tending to produce results that depart systematically from true values.


  4. Number of People Living in the US with HIV.500,000-1,000,000


  5. Types of Prevention:
    Tertiary Prevention
    Def: Reducing the impact of the disease
    Ex. Rehabilitation for stroke