5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Approximately how many people does smoking kill in AL every year?
- What is the leading cause of preventable death in the US?
- Types of Prevention:
- Approximately how many people live in the US?
- a a process at any stage of inference tending to produce results that depart systematically from true values.
- b tobacco use
- c 7,000
- d ...300,000,000
- e Def: Reducing the impact of the disease
Ex. Rehabilitation for stroke
5 Multiple choice questions
- "the extent to which repeated measurements of a stable phenomenon by different people and instruments at different times and places get similar results" Other words for this are reproducability and precision. p. 20
- Proportion of people with a disease who have a positive test for the disease = true positives/(true positives + false negatives) p. 39
- ARR (same as Attributable Risk), It is the absolute value of the control group event rate - the experimental group event rate.
- The more sensitive a test is, the better will be its NPV. The more specific a test it, the better will be its PPV.
5 True/False questions
Cohort Study → A population group unified by a specific common characteristic, such as age, and subsequently treated as a statistical unit.
Number of People Known to be Living in Alabama with HIV → 11,700. Of these 11,700 known to have HIV, ~4,500 have AIDS. (This number with AIDS will probably not be asked since the term AIDS is somewhat subjective. The viral load limit that a person must have to be considered suffering from AIDS has been lowered in recent years.)
Internal Validity → "degree to which the results of an observation hold true in other settings" "generalizability" "Assuming that the results of a study are true, do they apply to my patients as well?" p. 10
Prevalence → The fraction or proportion of a group of people initially free of the outcome of interest that develops the condition over a given period of time
Regression to the Mean → Normal distribution curve. based in statistical theory, describes the frequency distribution of repeated measurements of the same physical object by the same measurement.