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Parts of Speech review (advanced)
review of parts of speech
Terms in this set (26)
names a person, place, thing, or idea
names a specific person, place, or thing; begins with a capital letter
a single noun made up of two or more words (examples: ice cream, golf ball)
names groups (examples: team, faculty)
names a person, place, thing, or idea; does not begin with a capital letter
used in place of a noun
used in place of a noun (list: I, me, we, us, he, she, it, him, her, you, they, them)
used in place of a noun (examples: one, each, someone, anything, other, all, few, nothing, nobody)
refers to a noun previously used; adds —self and —selves to other pronoun forms to emphasize that an action was performed without any outside help (list: myself, herself, himself, itself, yourself, themselves, ourselves) Sentence example: I did it myself.
asks a question (examples: who, whose, whom, what, which) Sentence example: Whose backpack smells like dirty socks?
introduces an adjective clause (list: that, which, who, whose, whom) Sentence example: Minnehaha Academy is the school that I attend.
shows possession or ownership (list: mine, yours, his, hers, ours, theirs)
expresses action or a state of being
names a physical or mental action (examples: squirm, admire)
expresses a state of being most often formed from the verb to be (examples: is, are, was, were, seems, feels) Sentence example #1: The students are restless. Sentence example #2: Cheating feels wrong.
helps a main verb express action or a state of being (example: has, has been, have, have been, should, will) Sentence example: The students have studied the material and should do well on the test.
has a direct object or objects (Sentence example: Adolescents need more sleep and less pizza.)
does not have a direct object (Sentence example: My sister snores.)
modifies (describes) a noun or pronoun; includes the articles a, an, and the; answer the questions what kind? which one? how many? and how much?
modifies (describes) a verb, adjective, or other adverb. Adverbs answer the questions how? when? where? why? to what extent? Note: It is a misconception that all adverbs end in —ly.
shows the relationship between its object (a noun or pronoun) and another word in a sentence. (examples: after, around, at, behind, beside, by, for, from, in, into, inside, inside of, like, off, past, since, to, through, under, underneath, unless, until, up, upon, with, without) Notes: All prepositions begin a prepositional phrase that ends with a noun or pronoun. Prepositional phrases may be consecutive in a sentence. (Sentence example: In the middle of the class discussion, one student started to hiccup uncontrollably.)
joins words or groups of words
joins words or groups of words of equal importance (list: and, but, or, for, nor, so, yet)
joins word pairs or groups of words (list: both/and, neither/nor, either/or) Sentence example: Neither the principal nor the vice-principal commute to school by bus.)
introduces a subordinate clause and joins it to an independent clause (examples: although, as, as if, because, if, unless, whenever) Note: If the subordinate clause comes at the beginning of the sentence, the clause is followed by a comma; however, if the subordinate clause comes after the independent clause, the independent clause is not followed by a comma. Sentence example #1: Because the athlete had trained all summer, she was physically ready for the grueling fall practices. Sentence example #2: He was physically ready for the grueling fall practices because he had trained all summer.
a word used to express emotion (examples: oh, ah, well, hey, ugh, and wow) Note: An interjection must be followed by either a comma or an exclamation point. Sample sentence #1: Well, I'll have to think about it. Sample sentence #2: Wow! I had no idea that you are allergic to hot dogs.
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