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HUS: Great Depression and New Deal
Terms in this set (25)
Causes of the Great Depression
credit buying, overproduction, less consumer spending, falling stocks
Stock Market Crash
Another leading component to the start of the Great Depression. The stock became very popular in the 1920's, then in 1929 in took a steep downturn and many lost their money and hope they had put in to the stock.
WWI veterans who marched on Washington demanding their $1,000 bonus pay before the 1945 due date.
1933 Hundred Days banks could not collect loans, meet withdrawal demands; runs on banks
informal talks given by FDR over the radio; sat by White House fireplace; gained the confidence of the people
First Hundred Days
This term refers to March 4 to June 16, 1933. During this period of dramatic legislative productivity, FDR laid out the programs that constituted the New Deal. Today, presidents are often measured by their actions in the same period of time
A federally sponsored corporation that insures accounts in national banks and other qualified institutions
The average price of 30 selected industrial stocks, used as a measure of general market trends
Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)
Helped states to provide aid for the unemployed
Agricultural Adjustment Act
Gave farmers money to reduce crop size to reduce production and bring up the value of crops
Civilian Conservation Corps
New Deal program that hired unemployed men to work on natural projects
National Recovery Administration
Enforced codes that regulated wages, prices, and working conditions
Tennessee Valley Authority
A relief, recovery, and reform effort that gave 2.5 million poor citizens jobs and land. It brought cheap electric power, low-cost housing, cheap nitrates, and the restoration of eroded soil.
Critics of the New Deal
Long believed it didn't do enough; Townsend argued it didn't aid the elderly enough; Coughlin believed it aided the rich and big business
a social reformer who combined her deep humanitarian impulses with great political skills
New Deal Coalition
Alliance of southern conservatives, religious, and ethnic minorities who supported the Democratic Party for 40 years
Congress of Industrial Organizations
A federation of labor union for all unskilled workers. It provided a national labor union for unskilled workers, unlike the AFL, which limited itself to skilled workers.
Court Packing Plan
President FDR's failed 1937 attempt to increase the number of US Supreme Court Justices from 9 to 15 in order to save his 2nd New Deal programs from constitutional challenges
Films popular, offering escapism themes. Radio and upbeat music very popular
federal program of disability and retirement benefits that covers most working people
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression
Republican candidate who assumed the presidency in March 1929 promising the American people prosperity and attempted to first deal with the Depression by trying to restore public faith in the community.
Region of the Great Plains that experienced a drought in 1930 lasting for a decade, leaving many farmers without work or substantial wages.
Election of 1932
Democrat Franklin D. Roosevelt, beat the Republican, Herbert Hoover, who was running for reelection. FDR promised relief for the unemployed, help for farmers, and a balanced budget.
Election of 1936
FDR (Democratic) reelected b/c of his New Deal programs and active style of personal leadership. Running against FDR was Alf Landon (Republic nominee)
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