79 terms

Tofel List5(english)

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deposit
A deposit is a sum of money which is in a bank account or savings account, especially a sum which will be left there for some time.
reunion
coming together again
A reunion is a party attended by members of the same family, school, or other group who have not seen each other for a long time.
envelop
If one thing envelops another, it covers or surrounds it completely.
storage
If you refer to the storage of something, you mean that it is kept in a special place until it is needed.
proactive
Proactive actions are intended to cause changes, rather than just reacting to change.
fantasy
A story that containing real, imaginary features.
A fantasy is a pleasant situation or event that you think about and that you want to happen, especially one that is unlikely to happen.
posit
If you posit something, you suggest or assume it as the basis for an argument or calculation.
disguise
If you are in disguise, you are not wearing your usual clothes or you have altered your appearance in other ways, so that people will not recognize you.
To disguise something means to hide it or make it appear different so that people will not know about it or will not recognize it.
psychology
Science of the mind
Psychology is the scientific study of the human mind and the reasons for people's behaviour.
embellish
(v.) to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details
If something is embellished with decorative features or patterns, it has those features or patterns on it and they make it look more attractive.
weird
adj. unusual; strange; unearthly
If you describe something or someone as weird, you mean that they are strange.
diverge
Moving apart, going in different directions
If one thing diverges from another similar thing, the first thing becomes different from the second or develops differently from it. You can also say that two things diverge.
infuriate
(v.) to make very angry, enrage
If something or someone infuriates you, they make you extremely angry.
spear
A spear is a weapon consisting of a long pole with a sharp metal point attached to the end.
a shoot, slender stalk, or blade, as of grass, asparagus, or broccoli
repress
If you repress a feeling, you make a deliberate effort not to show or have this feeling.
conquer
to defeat or take over; to master or overcome
If one country or group of people conquers another, they take complete control of their land.
If you conquer something such as a problem, you succeed in ending it or dealing with it successfully.
thrust
If you thrust something or someone somewhere, you push or move them there quickly with a lot of force.
Thrust is the power or force that is required to make a vehicle move in a particular direction.
casualty
A person killed or injured in a war or accident
incidental
If one thing is incidental to another, it is less important than the other thing or is not a major part of it.
superb
Of the highest quality; grand; splendid
If something is superb, its quality is very good indeed.
bestow
(V) to give as a gift
To bestow something on someone means to give or present it to them.
adventitious
added or appearing accidentally or unexpectedly
dissipate
When something dissipates or when you dissipate it, it becomes less or becomes less strong until it disappears or goes away completely.
When someone dissipates money, time, or effort, they waste it in a foolish way.
resolute
firm or determined
If you describe someone as resolute, you approve of them because they are very determined not to change their mind or not to give up a course of action.
cranial
At the head end (In relation to other body parts)
lineage
Someone's lineage is the series of families from which they are directly descended.
balk
If you balk at something, you definitely do not want to do it or to let it happen.
irritate
(v) to make (someone) impatient, angry, or annoyed.
If something irritates you, it keeps annoying you.
consolidate
(v.) to combine, unite; to make solid or firm
If you consolidate something that you have, for example power or success, you strengthen it so that it becomes more effective or secure.
To consolidate a number of small groups or companies means to make them into one large organization.
intervening
An intervening period of time is one that separates two events or points in time.
An intervening object or area comes between two other objects or areas.
corrosion
Destruction by chemical action
Corrosion is the damage that is caused when something is corroded.
mental
Mental means relating to the process of thinking.
Mental means relating to the state or the health of a person's mind.
plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
You can describe someone or something as plump to indicate that they are somewhat fat or rounded.
readily
easily/ immediately/ willingly
If you do something readily, you do it in a way which shows that you are very willing to do it.
pave
If a road or an area of ground has been paved, it has been covered with asphalt or concrete, so that it is suitable for walking or driving on.
contamination
pollution
shrink
If something shrinks or something else shrinks it, it becomes smaller.
If you do not shrink from a task or duty, you do it even though it is unpleasant or dangerous.
pretentious
If you say that someone or something is pretentious, you mean that they try to seem important or significant, but you do not think that they are.
laser
A laser is a narrow beam of concentrated light produced by a special machine. It is used for cutting very hard materials, and in many technical fields such as surgery and telecommunications.
identify
If you can identify someone or something, you are able to recognize them or distinguish them from others.
If you identify something, you discover or notice its existence.
barter
Exchange goods without involving money.
If you barter goods, you exchange them for other goods, rather than selling them for money.
cue
In the theatre or in a musical performance, a performer's cue is something another performer says or does that is a signal for them to begin speaking, playing, or doing something.
tenant
A tenant is someone who pays rent for the place they live in, or for land or buildings that they use.
medal
A small piece of metal given as a prize.
A medal is a small metal disc which is given as an award for bravery or as a prize in a sports event.
inscribe
(v.) to write or engrave; to enter a name on a list
If you inscribe words on an object, you write or carve the words on the object.
flake
A flake is a small thin piece of something, especially one that has broken off a larger piece.
concert
A concert is a performance of music.
agreement
supreme
most outstanding
Supreme is used in the title of a person or an official group to indicate that they are at the highest level in a particular organization or system.
encounter
If you encounter someone, you meet them, usually unexpectedly.
If you encounter problems or difficulties, you experience them.
lease
A lease is a legal agreement by which the owner of a building, a piece of land, or something such as a car allows someone else to use it for a period of time in return for money.
If you lease property or something such as a car from someone or if they lease it to you, they allow you to use it in return for regular payments of money.
downward
A downward movement or look is directed toward a lower place or a lower level.
courteous
Polite
Someone who is courteous is polite and respectful to other people.
evolve
(v.) to develop gradually; to rise to a higher level
When animals or plants evolve, they gradually change and develop into different forms.
jeopardize
To jeopardize a situation or activity means to do something that may destroy it or cause it to fail.
detergent
Detergent is a chemical substance, usually in the form of a powder or liquid, which is used for washing things such as clothes or dishes.
imprint
When something is imprinted on your memory, it is firmly fixed in your memory so that you will not forget it.
If something leaves an imprint on a place or on your mind, it has a strong and lasting effect on it.
bulk
most of something
You can refer to something's bulk when you want to emphasize that it is very large.
spontaneity
Spontaneity is spontaneous, natural behaviour.
mast
The masts of a boat are the tall, upright poles that support its sails.
A radio mast is a tall upright structure that is used to transmit radio or television signals.
inanimate
(adj.) not having life; without energy or spirit
An inanimate object is one that has no life.
exhale
Breathe out
When you exhale, you breathe out the air that is in your lungs.
comply
If someone or something complies with an order or set of rules, they do what is required or expected.
plantation
A plantation is a large piece of land, especially in a tropical country, where crops such as rubber, coffee, tea, or sugar are grown.
request
If you request something, you ask for it politely or formally.
penetrate
If something or someone penetrates a physical object or an area, they succeed in getting into it or passing through it.
diversion
A diversion is an action or event that attracts your attention away from what you are doing or concentrating on.
The diversion of something involves changing its course or destination.
reserve
If something is reserved for a particular person or purpose, it is kept specially for that person or purpose.
A reserve is a supply of something that is available for use when it is needed.
A nature reserve is an area of land where the animals, birds, and plants are officially protected.
overload
If you overload something such as a vehicle, you put more things or people into it than it was designed to carry.
region
A region is a large area of land that is different from other areas of land, for example because it is one of the different parts of a country with its own customs and characteristics, or because it has a particular geographical feature.
You say in the region of to indicate that an amount that you are stating is approximate.
absurd
Ridiculous
If you say that something is absurd, you are criticizing it because you think that it is ridiculous or that it does not make sense.
exemplary
If you describe someone or something as exemplary, you think they are extremely good.
leftover
You use leftover to describe an amount of something that remains after the rest of it has been used or eaten.
conservationist
someone who works to protect the environment from destruction or pollution
A conservationist is someone who cares very much about the conservation of the environment and who works to protect it.
suspect
doubtful
If you suspect that something dishonest or unpleasant has been done, you believe that it has probably been done. If you suspect someone of doing an action of this kind, you believe that they probably did it.
A suspect is a person who the police or authorities think may be guilty of a crime.
adhesive
An adhesive is a substance such as glue, which is used to make things stick firmly together.
An adhesive substance is able to stick firmly to something else.
gravitational
Gravitational means relating to or resulting from the force of gravity.
hydrogen
Hydrogen is a colourless gas that is the lightest and commonest element in the universe.
alloy
A mixture of two or more metals
An alloy is a metal that is made by mixing two or more types of metal together.
microscopic
Extremely small
Microscopic objects are extremely small, and usually can be seen only through a microscope.