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Computer Concepts and Applications Final
Terms in this set (114)
Responsible use of technology can include which of the following?
A. Tracking your physical fitness using an app.
B. Sitting alone playing a game on your phone all night.
C. Teaching a friend or family member how to navigate social media.
D. Responding to fellow users with compassion and dignity.
A, C, and D.
True or False: In Windows, you can change settings so the screen flashes when a sound alert occurs.
Which of these devices will eventually need to be recycled?
A. LCD monitor
All of them
Uber's automated commercial trucks require a human driver to...?
Handle off-highway driving.
True or False: Embedded software usually runs only during the boot process of a device.
A _____ links an electric meter to a local utility.
The short-range two-way communication technology behind contactless payments is called...?
Near Field Communication (NFC)
Robotics is the development and study of...?
Natural language processing is AI that...?
Understands human languages
speech recognition does which of the following to understand your meaning?
A. Synthesizes phonemes
B. Considers context
C. Uses two-factor authentication
D. Analyzes phonemes
B and D
Benefits of donating computer equipment include...
A. Extending the useful life of the device
B. Helping someone who can't afford a new device
C. Keeping e-waste out of landfills
D. Avoiding having the device waste space in your home/office
All of them
_____ may provide prepaid shipping labels for you to send in your used cartridges.
Recycling companies and printer manufacturers
What are the divisions of a company often called?
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) offers which possible benefits?
A. Reduced waste
B. Increased energy use
C. Increased production flexibility
D. Larger parts inventories
A and C
_____ services act as a middleman, allowing individuals to securely send and receive money.
Person 2 Person (P2P)
True or False: A web app is an app that you access instead of a web browser.
Advantages of web apps include...
A. No need to install an app
B. Collaboration with coworkers and friends
C. Available anywhere with an Internet connection
D. Designed to work on a specific operating system
A, B, and C
True or False: Digital coupon tools are available as browser extensions
What's an example of B2C e-commerce?
Purchasing items online with a store credit card
What is consumer-to-consumer e-commerce?
Individuals selling to other individuals online
True or False: B2B e-commerce relies increasingly on in-person sales calls to businesses
True or False: You can use some social search tools to search multiple sites at once.
True or False: A search site is the same thing as a search engine
Should you gather information from a website where no author information is available?
A search operator is a...?
Character, word, or symbol you can enter to narrow a search
Elements that have little or no effect on search results include...?
Capital letters and stop words
Recent top-level domains include...?
.mobi and .aero
The _____ develops and disseminates protocols to maintain global web compatibility
True or False: A specialty search engine searches only websites that require a subscription
Open websites typically include...?
A. scholarly journals
B. Personal websites
C. Commercial sites
D. Scientific databases
B and C
True or False: Placing a dash before a term tells Google to search only for that word
True or False: Solid state drives are more durable than hard disk drives.
True or False: External hardware can be connected without wires or cables.
True or False: The connector on a USB flash drive allows transmission of both data and power.
When using a Windows Internet browser, pressing _____ reloads a page.
Laptops, all-in-one desktops, and smartphones usually have _____.
Which of the following are examples of pointing devices?
B and C
True or False: A specific touch motion you use to issue commands is called a gesture.
Overheating caused by direct sunlight can damage what parts of a computer?
LCD screen, hard drive, and processor
A fitness tracker is an example of a _____ device
Solid state hard drives are a type of _____ memory.
True or False: Storage device problems can prevent a computer from starting up properly.
True or False: The System Restore command in Windows returns deleted or modified documents.
If the image seems stretched, your computer's display may not be set to the default _____.
Interference is a common problem with _____ devices.
Bluetooth and wireless
You should unplug your computer if you _____.
Smell burning or see smoke rising from it
Software that converts text into speech is called a _____.
True or False: A stylus is an input device.
True or False: Binary code uses alphanumeric characters to represent all values.
True or False: Console systems only allow one gamepad to be used at a time.
Modern processors often have _____ levels of cache.
An operating system uses available storage space on a startup drive for _____.
A. Storing programs
B. Storing apps
C. Virtual memory
D. Virtual reality
A, B, and C
Benchmarking is an evaluation of _____.
Window within Word that displays all or part of an open document
Blinking vertical line that shows where text and picture will be going
Arrow that helps select
At the bottom of a document, shows information about a document being edited or current tasks and commands
Horizontal strip near the top of a window in Word. Control center for the document.
Collection of groups with related commands
A key or combo of keys that provide quick access to a function within a computer program
What does an operating system do?
Process data, manage memory, control hardware, and provide user interface
What is an operating system responsible for?
Coordinating the resources and activities on a computer. Manages interactions between hardware and software
What is the purpose of memory management?
Optimizes the use of a computer or device
consist of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed
Temporary memory, loses all contents once the computer is shut off
RAM (Random Access Memory)
Storage location that temporarily stores open apps and document data while device is on
Software that is created for free use by everyone
Server Operating System
A multiuser operating system that supports users on networked computers
A global network connecting millions of computers, making it possible to exchange information.
Program that helps to create professional-looking documents and revise them easily
Temporary storage area designed to help speed up processing time
True or False: The more RAM a device has, the slower it operates
False. More RAM helps a devices to run faster.
The capability of an operating system to temporarily store data on a storage medium until it can be swapped into RAM
ROM (Read Only Memory)
Permanently installed memory on your computer attached to the motherboard. ROM chip contains the BIOS, which tells your computer how to start.
Nonvolatile memory that can be erased electronically and rewritten
A series of steps and checks as the computer loads the operating system
Graphical User Interface (GUI)
All the ways you can interact with a device; controls how you interact with menus, programs, apps, and visual images
Tools that are used to manage files, view images, install and uninstall
Software as a Service (SaaS)
Software distributed online for a monthly subscription or an annual fee
Desktop operating system
Operating system installed on a single computer, referred to as PCs
Programs that keep all or some of the code hidden, enable developers to control and profit from programs created
Programs and apps that instruct a computer to perform tasks. Processes data into meaningful information
Operating system (OS)
Also called "platform". Manages the complete operation of your computer or mobile devices and lets you interact with it.
What is the first step to the boot process?
Device receives power from power supply and sends it into the circuitry
What is the second step to the boot process?
Processor begins running the bootstrap program.
What is the third step to the boot process?
Bootstrap program executes a series of tests to check the components and their settings
What is the fourth step to the boot process?
Loads operating system files to RAM and kernel, if the tests in the third step are successful
What is the fifth step to the boot process?
System loads configuration info and user sign in. Startup programs and apps are shown
The core of an operating system
Any data instructions enter into memory
Info processed into a useful form
What are some examples of input?
Touch pads or a mouse, microphones and webcams, card readers and data collection devices
What are some examples of output?
Text, graphics, audio or video, speakers and headphones
An area of memory that stores data and information waiting to be sent to an input or output device
A small picture that represents a program or file
Icon that you click to execute commands you need to work with an app
Desk Cleanup Utility
Finds and removes useless files
Enables a computer or device to run another operating system in addition to the one installed
Provides full access to a computer
Collection of utility programs that determine how Windows appears and performs on your computer
What does kilobytes measure?
Thousands of bytes
What does megabytes measure?
Millions of bytes
What does gigabytes measure?
Billions of bytes
To close a window in Windows 10, you can _____.
A. Right-click its button on the taskbar, then click Close window
B. Click the Close button in the upper-right corner of the window
C. Click the Close button in the window's thumbnail on the taskbar
D. Click the Start button and click the program name or icon
A, B, and C.
True or False: The Windows 10 Snap feature lets you quickly maximize a window's height
The root directory is the main list of _____.
Files and folders on the drive
The two categories of system software are _____.
Utilities and operating systems
Uninstaller utility software removes _____.
A. Temporary files
D. Offline web pages
B and C
A data file is one that _____.
A user can work with or manipulate
True or False: In order to support file sharing, your PC must run a network operating system
What method rearranges all open windows in Microsoft Windows?
Right-clicking the taskbar, and then clicking Cascade windows
In a filename, the base name is the _____.
Label the user assigns
True or False: Navigating folders involves deleting and moving them
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