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corrections chapter 1-4
Terms in this set (64)
actions and priactices desigend to induce conformity with the rules and norms of society
vartiey of programs responsible for the magangement of indivudals who have been accussed or convicted of criminal offenses
job of corrections
punish and correct
purpose of punishment
big 4 that dealt with prision issues
new york, texas, california, florida
threat to pubic of large
impact to those who are affended
framework of corrections
system is a complex whole consisting of interdependent parts whose operations are directed towardc common goals and influenced by the environment in which they function
name the various components of the corrections system
institutional corrections include prisons and jails, community corrections supervise people wo are awaiting trial or have been sentenced by the court and are living in the community. private organizations provide services to people under correctional authority.
5 key issues facing corrections today
dealing with conflicting goals, adequate funding, making the bureaucracy of services more effective, coordinating correctioonal activity across different agencies, dealing with correctional uncertainity
"great experiment of social control"
deliberate policies that increase the severity of sentences
eye for eye
law of the civil society rather than church
money paid instead of blood feud
benefit of clergy-
rigt to be tried in court. less severe punishment
rowing of large ships or galleys
house of correction
discipling inmates and setting them to work
pratice of transplanting offenders from community to another region.
abandonded ships to hold convicts
punishment infliced on offenders body
age of reason
1700s, liberalism dominated social and political thinking in england
instead of punihsment focus on reform
classical school- behavior of stemming from free will. stresses punishment strict enough to scare others. set 6 principles on which set teh foundation for the classical school of criminology
ulilitarianism- doctrine. people look at plus and negatives of actions. "hedonistic calculus" proposed that the aim of all actions was the greatest happiness for the greatest number, and criminals were somewhat childlike or unbalenced, lacking self discipline
penal reform. inspections of prisions. horrified public. major proponent of the Penitentiary Act of 1779.
middle ages to american reform
galley slavery, imprisonment, corporal punishment, death
emphasized hard labor in a house of correction as punishment
isolated prisioners from society and from one another
isolation. isolated prisoners from society and from one another. Benjamin Rush-> too expensive.
- prisioners suffer to change thier lives
new york system ( auburn)
Congregate system- prisioners worked in silence. isolated at night.
contract labor system
convict labor for profit. contracts with manufacturers
south would do what with their inmantes?
inmates given makrs.
1900s age of reform
coscience and convenience.
case by case appropach to crime
cure crime by treatment of specfiic people based on individual cases.
scientific method can be applied to ascertain the causes of individual behavior. criminals can be treated, base don individuals problem to get treatment, criminals behavior stems from what they have no control over.
what were 2 main strategies of progresses
improve conditions and to rehabilitate individuals
model of corrections based on treatment ( california)
first director of the bureau. promoted medicial model
goal is to reintegrate the criminal into society
crime control model of corrections
abolition of parole
The great law
william penn, emphasized hard labor in a house of correction.
stated that prisons should be organized to encourage reformation, rewarding it with release.
progessives wanted what?
advocated the development of probation, indeterminate sentences, treatment programs, and parole.
purpose of corrections
retribution, ( deserved punishment)
person deserves to be punished. just desserts
general- punishment of others as an example to public
specific- punishment on offenders to discourage them from committing again
offender in captivity
selective incapacation- repeat crimes means longer prision sentece
offenders will restore to a construcive place in society through therapy
punishment designed to repar the damage done to the victim and community.
most visible penalty.
not set time, parole. etc
set time. minimum time one must serve.
minimum time must be served.
truth in sentencing
85% of crime time served.
restrictive of freedom, not in prision though.
cant vote, denied other rights.
( misdemeanor court)
90% of cases. assembly line justice.
report by probation offier who investiages criminal and aids judge in sentencing.
different penalities for same type of crime
looks at time for similar crimes
no control. banishment. early years
philosophy. you have control and a choice regarding crime. rationality.
Beccaria and Bentham legal scholars.
incapitale, lessen risk. looking at crime itself.
Bio- lambroso- set apart offender. studied psycholocal. atavists- evolutionary throwback.
Psych- Freud- personality development
Sociological- inmate readjust to society
Sheriff and Social reformer. Penitentiary Act of 1779- prisoners housed in clean, sanitary and get straight again. Father of penitentiary-religion stays in prison.
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